1. 1580-08-01 Lancashire

    [1] Pendle Hill has burst its bonds and spread dismay and destruction far and wide. The great rents known as Sabden and Ogden Cloughs were by tradition created in such cataclysms. Those of Burst clough and Braggarts Hole were with certainty to have been thus caused. Of these eruptions the most furious occurred in August 1580. Previous weather had been hot and sultry. The rain was such as had never been before experienced. In several places on the summit of the hill there were spouting vast columns of water earth sand and stones with a loud hissing noise. Everywhere bridges, houses trees were swept along in the current with the inhabitants flying for their lives in every direction. Within an hour this storm had spent its fury but the water continued to run from fissures during some weeks. A considerable number of people perished and all stock were drowned or smothered in stones and mud. Scores of dwellings were entirely destroyed.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley Gazette 15 Aug 1905

  2. 1666-08-18 Lancashire

    [1] The storm was similar but much less severe than the flood of 1580 but more widespread. [2] Place Pendle: Water burst out from the NW of the hill to a height of at least 6 feet, scooping out the soil to a great depth and fell with great force on the villages of Worston and Downham, two and four miles respectively from the source. Worston was practically demolished and Downham a number of houses were injured and some destroyed. [3] Great Whernside and Hard Flask: A couple of days later great fissures opend on the side of both hills. The whole valley quickly became a roaring torrent and both villages, Kettlewell and Starbottom, were abandoned in haste. It was more than a generation before its effects were obliterated.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley Gazette 15 Aug 1905 (form Manchester Evening chronicle)

  3. 1742-04-30 Lancashire

    [1] Pilling Moss, 11 miles from Preston spewed up its contents and covered 60 acres of land several feet deep and forced its current into Garstang River.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Gentleman’s Mag.

  4. 1748-07-23 Lancashire

    [1] Quoting from the Diary of John Wesley he described a flash flood that occurred at Hayfield in the Peak District in Derbyshire. ‘Several water mills were clean swept away without leaving any remains. The trees were torn up by the roots and whirled away like stubble.’ He noted: ‘Two women of a loose character were swept away from their own door and drowned’. [2] The greatest flood ever known occurred on the edge of Cheshire and Derbyshire. The River Goit overflowed and carried all the bridges, mills and several houses away, washing out 14 bodies from graves at Hayfield churchyard and were found hanging from trees some miles from the church. Millstones were carried away for a distance of ¼ mile. The Goit covered the highest battlements of Marple Bridge, upwards of 22 feet from the surface of the water at its common height. Two girls were drowned. Large hailstones occurred at Mellor in Derbyshire

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: The Times Aug 25 2009 Weather Eye Paul Simons; Gentlemens magazine

  5. 1765-10-10 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy rains at Rochdale (also Ripponden West Yorks), swelled rivulets, bearing down bridges, and carrying stones of incredible magnitude. Rivers changed course.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Gentleman’s Mag.

  6. 1768-06-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Warrington: Some of the hailstones measured 2 inches round. [There were also reports of severe thunderstorms in West Lothian – and also in Hereford and Surrey with both severe hailstone damage and fires set by lightning]

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with hail

    Source: Stamford mercury 23 Jun

  7. 1768-07-23 Lancashire

    [1] At Moulden Water a village near Blackburn, the River Radiefworth (?) (Roddlesworth a tributary of the Darwen?) rose in about an hour one yard higher than had ever been known before (though that last flood had been two feet higher than the oldest inhabitant could remember). It carried away both the old and the new bridge, the latter only build in the last year and four dwelling houses from one of which 3 people were washed away and drowned. [2] On the same day at Chowbent (Athertonssouth of Bolton – the Carr Brook?) a thunderstorm caused the water level to rise suddenly five feet perpendicular came into several houses and broke down three stone bridges. Coal pits are full of water and no coal can be got out for several months.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Mercury 2 Aug

  8. 1771-10-13 Lancashire

    [1] It seems that floods in the Lake District in 1771 preceded the disastrous floods in northeast England which occurred on 17 November. At Beetham on the River Beela, a tributary of the lower Kent, the Rev William Hutton recorded the flood as the “greatest within the memory of man” and observed that “ it was not passable at either end of Beetham Bridge for man or horse several hours (Tufnell, 1983). It run over the Meadow Wall on the east end of the bridge and bro’ it down, it run with great rapidity thro’ the style of the said Meadow” [2] At Caton near Lancaster there was the greatest inundation in the memory of man with several lives lost. The bridge at Wennington was beaten down; three people were drowned in attempting to cross. A mill was damaged by the River Lune. The Attlebeck (where?) Was so rapid and furious that it destroyed bridges and weirs.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Tufnell (1983); Curwen (1900); Westmoreland Gazette 1861; Gentleman’s Magazine

  9. 1783-07-07 Lancashire

    [1] No reports of flooding found in Cumbria

    Rainfall: Unusual thunder and lightning during the past week – nearest reports of loss were two men killed by lightning in Lancaster

    Source: Cumberland Pacquet 15 Jul

  10. 1786-09-14 Lancashire

    [1] Hutton again reported at Beetham that there was “a flood equal to that of 1771 with the same Circumstances - till when We have had rain every day since Aug 11th. Gentleman’s Magazine also refers to letters from the coastal and northern parts of Cumbria which were “full of the ruinous effects of the floods, occasioned by the excessive rains that fell on 13th and 14th of September 1786”

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source:

  11. 1789-06-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Reference back from a flood in 1831 to 1789 when ‘the wards of the Infirmary were fitted up for the reception of the poor who were driven in despair from their wretched habitations’. [2] Place Liverpool: Rain fell over the four last days but yesterday came down so heavy that the cellars of Whitechapel were filled as were many of the houses that lay low. The streets were flooded nearly two feet deep. Lightning set fire to a barn at Formby. A horse was struck dead.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Saunders’s Newsletter 30 Jun; Liverpool Mercury 19 Aug 1831

  12. 1792-04-13 Lancashire

    [1] In a thunderstorm at Bacup two girls were killed within a house. An old woman was killed nearby. [Severe storms also occurred at York, Bromsgrove, see general file]

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester mercury 24 Apr

  13. 1792-07-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: severe thunderstorm [2] Place Liverpool: severe thunderstorm with remarkably large and pointed hailstones which did great damage to windows and gardens. [3] Place Chorley: Thunderstorm with rain and hail. Three horses were struck dead.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Mercury 24 Jul

  14. 1792-08-26 Lancashire

    [1] An 8 year old boy drowned in the river Lune being carried away by the rapidity of the stream raised by heavy rains [See also Eden and Carlisle]

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Cumberland Pacquet 4 Sept

  15. 1797-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: The storm had hail associated with heavy rain for two hours. Hothouses had many hundreds of panes of glass broken and birds were killed. The hailstones measured 2 inches in circumference and appeared a solid mass of ice. The roof of a thatched barn was beaten off.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Ipswich Jour 5 Aug

  16. 1799-08-17 Lancashire

    [1] Severe storm of wind and rain at Blackburn (and perhaps elsewhere) - “higher than remembered by the oldest person”. Bridges swept away on the Darwen. Stone bridge at Wooley (sic) Banks damaged. Bridge at Brockholes (Preston) on the Ribble, the water was more than 1 foot deep over the bridge and 1/3 of the structure gave way. (Flooding also on Mersey, Tame, Medlock Irk]. [2] Place Manchester: One of the highest floods ever remembered occurred. There is scarcely a bridge remaining on the Mersey to its junction with the Tame. Many mills with their machinery have been swept away and others so damaged they must be taken down. On the Medlock Irk and Tame many bridges have been washed down. Dyehouses on the Irwell have also received much damage. [3] [This flood was often quoted afterwards as the greatest on record compared with floods of the nineteenth century] [4] [Widespread flooding throughout the country from Northeast to Southwest]

    Rainfall: Persistent rainfall for two days and nights

    Source: JBA Report; Chester Chronicle 30 Aug

  17. 1801-08-02 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: The storm lasted only half an hour but had damaging effect. The cellars in Whitechapel were all filled and the streets were covered to a depth that boys swam along. A wall at the poor house was thrown down.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Hull Advertiser 15 Aug

  18. 1806-01-15 Lancashire

    [1] Torrents of rain swelled the rivers to almost unparalleled magnitude. A wooden bridge at Broughton Ford was carried away. Furniture horses and sheep were seen floating down the river. Cellars and lower rooms in Salford and Strangeways were flooded. Large quantities of water flowed up the bottom of Greengate. Flooding was also reported at Warrington and Chester. The Rivers Irwell and Irk rose to an alarming height. Thunderstorms were reported in the Liverpool area.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester mercury 21 Jan

  19. 1807-05-11 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: A thunderstorm was accompanied by hail which broke innumerable windows and skylights. The hailstones were upwards of 3 ½ inches in circumference. Houses with an aspect to the Southeast had windows broken.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Oxford Uni & City herald 16 May

  20. 1807-09-06 Lancashire

    [1] A fall of rain for nearly the whole day was accompanied by a gale of wind. The Lune became so rapid that it carried away the compting house at Halton forge. It carried down a large quantity of corn and some cattle. So large a flood has not been seen here for the last 30 years. The River Kent was much swollen and flooded all the low grounds. A young man of Barley Bridge, Staveley was drowned in the flood. [The Ribble was also high]

    Rainfall: 3 ½ inches of rain fell at Kendal in 18 hours

    Source: Lancaster Gaz. 12 Sep

  21. 1810-08-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: One of the most dreadful storms in human recollection occurred. Rain was mixed with hailstones of astonishing size and quantities. The storm lasted an hour and a half. Some houses have sustained considerable damage. Flooding occurred in Whitechapel and Paradise Street etc. have been greater than ever remembered.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester mercury 28 Aug

  22. 1814-12-12 Lancashire

    [1] The River Lune was swollen higher than known for 40 years and the holmes at Caton Claughton and Hornby were completely covered and many sheep were drowned

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 15 Apr 1865

  23. 1817-06-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: A thunderstorm with hail caused damage by fire at a mill and broken windows from hail and large pieces of ice notably at Stalybridge. Ice weighed 2 ounces and measured 3 inches in circumference.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Oxford Journal 28 Jun (from Manchester mercury)

  24. 1817-07-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Macclesfield: A storm of severe hail and rain occurred. The brook which traverses the town swelled almost instantaneously to an enormous flood carrying away much material including a large steam engine for a distance of 200 yards. The entire duration of the storm did not exceed 15 minutes.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Mercury 22 July

  25. 1819-07-25 Lancashire

    [1] Preston was visited by a severe storm of thunder and lightning. Many houses and cellars were flooded. A cow was killed and several people were injured by lightning. [2] Place Blackpool: A thunderstorm was accompanied by very large hailstones. [3] Place Lancaster: A thunderstorm also occurred but no reports of flooding were found.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 31 Jul

  26. 1821-04-25 Lancashire

    [1] Belmont near Bolton: A boy was struck and killed by lightning, his father injured [2] Place Blackburn: very large hailstones fell. Streets and some houses were inundated by torrential rain.The workshops of weavers principally in cellars were completely filled. [3] Little Harewood: gardens were inundated and much glass was broken in gardens and houses. Works at Mill Hill were damaged by flooding. [4] Place Wigan: Much glass was also broken. The River Douglas was swollen to a height not seen in the last 20 years. [5] Ashton in the Willows: One half of all the windows in the village were broken.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 4 May

  27. 1821-09-28 Lancashire

    [1] Holywell area in Cheshire was hit by a thunderstorm and flood. Torrents descended in all directions from the mountains. Several houses were nearly demolished and the cotton works sustained much damage with the warter coursing through the lower storeys. Greenfield was badly affected and fled for security to the sides of the hill. The copper works was speedily filled where a furnace burst. Three people were drowned.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Sheffield independent 6 Oct

  28. 1823-06-01 Lancashire

    [1] Rain fell in torrents and the River Lune was at its highest for several years. Several wooden bridges a horse and several sheep were seen passing down river. The River Wyre was also much flooded. It rose nearly 14 feet in two hours. It carried away a weir at Dolphinstone factory. [2] Place Blackburn: A thunderstorm with hail killed a cow and a horse. No flooding was mentioned.

    Rainfall: No mention of thunder

    Source: Cumberland Pacquet 9 Jun

  29. 1823-06-10 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Thunderstorm with hail.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 13 Jun

  30. 1828-07-12 Lancashire

    [1] Following four days of continuous rainfall thunderstorms were reported in some areas but floods were widespread in northern England. Fields adjoining the Lune, Kent and Ribble were overflowed to a greater or lesser degree. [2] Persistent rain in the Manchester area from 12 to 14 July caused widespread flooding with disastrous effects for agriculture along the Mersey. A mill at Stockport was undermined and collapsed. Detailed descriptions of floods in Statham, Flixton, Stretford, Lymm, Carrington to Warrington the whole valley is under water. At Statham the peak flood level was one inch higher than the previous highest in 1799 by one inch (from a mark on a wall). At Stockport the 1799 flood was higher but this may have been due to the former constriction of the river. The peak on the Irwell was not so high as in previous floods. Three were drowned when a boat overturned in the flood. Brief mention is made of Lune Ribble Kent, Dee and West Yorkshire. [3] Place Manchester: The effects of the flood were disastrous in Stockport and Didsbury. Park Mill several storeys high in Stockport was undermined by the flood and collapsed; another mill downstream had windows driven in by the flood. The flood had severe effects on land and crops adjoining the Mersey towards Warrington where a boat capsized and four people were drowned. [4] The River Dane which joins the Weaver near Northwich has had disastrous effects along its entire course. [5] In Cheshire the River Bollin overflowed and the river Weaver did much damage in the neighbourhood of Nantwich and Northwich. One house fell down in Witton Street and boats were lauched into the streets with people rescued from their second floor by ladders.

    Rainfall: The main flooding was from persistent rainfall

    Source: Lancaster Gaz. 19 Jul; Manchester Courier 19 Jul

  31. 1829-06-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: Horses and cattle were killed by lightning but there was no mention of flooding.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester mercury 30 Jun

  32. 1829-07-24 Lancashire

    [1] [WG also describes a thunderstorm in Preston (no flooding) and in Liverpool (with flooding described)]. [2] Place Liverpool: thunderstorm and water spread over whole streets to a considerable depth and found its way into houses and cellars. A child was killed at the village of Alt near Litherland. Byrom Street Whitechapel was flooded; cellars were nearly filled and shops were flooded. A sewer burst in Fontenoy Street. [3] Place Manchester: People were struck and injured by lightning [4] The river Medlock never rose so high in living memory [5] Place Bury: A large factory was struck by lightning and demolished [6] Place Blackpool: A man was struck and killed by lightning in his house. [7] Place Chorley: great damage was done to glas by the hail or large pieces of ice

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Westmorland Gaz. 1 Aug; Manchester courier 1 Aug; Chester Chronicle 25 Jul

  33. 1829-09-06 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorms occurred at Ashton and Blakeley with various properties struck by lightning and one man was killed. There was no reference to flooding. Two people were drowned when a bridge gave way at Smallwood 14 miles from Knutsford when a mail coach was passing over; three others were rescued.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Times

  34. 1830-06-25 Lancashire

    [1] A man was killed by lightning at Lancaster and a child was killed at Edenfield. [2] A heavy thunderstorm occurred at Chadderton Hill when upwards of 200 panes of glass were broken in hothouses. Horses and many sheep were killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 10 Jul; Yorkshire Gaz 10 Jul

  35. 1830-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: rain soon flooded the streets and did considerable damage. The passages were blocked up and businesses entirely suspended.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool General Advertiser 5 Aug

  36. 1831-02-08 Lancashire

    [1] This flood was preceded by heavy snow over northern England and Scotland at the beginning of February

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Westmoreland Gazette

  37. 1831-07-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bolton: thunderstorm with hail or rather ‘small shingles of ice and rain’. Many sewers in the street were choked up and the streets were flooded in a few minutes. People were seriously injured by lightning in their houses. At Turton the floods have done considerable damage, sweeping away several small bridges. However two miles from Bolton there was no rain. [2] Place Blackburn: At Yate and Pickup Bank the downpour caused the stream to rise to a considerable height sweeping away several large trees

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Times 16 Jul; Lancaster Gaz 16 Jul

  38. 1831-08-10 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: There was a tremendous fall of rain which exceeded the memorable one of 1789. The lower part of the town was completely inundated at 6 in the morning. In many streets it was four feet deep including a liquor store in Byrom Street. Streets mentioned were Hanover Street, Scotland Road, Cable Street, Atherton Street, Burton Street with much damage to properties. Coopers Row was completely flooded and from Litherland Alley round the new Custom House to ParkLane every vault and cellar were filled. Carts were requisitioned to pull people from Church Street and Lord Street to Richmond Street etc. No lives were lost. The flood came down with such rapid impetuosity that they had scarcely time to escape and carry off their children to temporary refuge. In a cellar in Whitechapel a family of a woman and five children had a narrow escape; she carried four to safety and rushed back to the fifth and found it floating on the bed and safe. [2] [In London the pinnacle of the west tower of Westminster Abbey was struck and sent to the ground.]

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 19 Aug

  39. 1832-06-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Whitechapel, Paradise Street and other low lying parts of the town were flooded, in several places 2 or 3 feet deep. Two people were killed by lightning while sheltering under a tree (with scythes!). [2] Place Preston: The storm was reported with damage in Liverpool Road. [3] Poulton le Flyde:The streets became flooded and high roads were rendered impassable.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Chester chronicle 22 Jun

  40. 1833-05-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: The destruction of greenhouses and skylights was general. At the County Asylum hailstones were picked up nearly 4 inches in circumference. [2] Place Heysham: Some hailstones 5 inches round. [3] Place Caton: Many cellars of the town were completely flooded and thw wind was so high as to unroof a mill. [4] Poulton le Flyde: Tremendous thunderstorm with hail for three hours in the early morning. Hailstones measured 4 ¼ inches round. Few windows escaped that were facing south. Similar window damage towards Blackpool.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with hail

    Source: Lancaster Gazette 18 May

  41. 1833-06-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Oldham, Middleton, Stockport and Ashton, much damage was done to hothouses by the hail (3¾ inches in diameter) and lightning. At Litchfield hall 1000 panes were broken. At Ashton the hail lay several inches deep. At Stockport the hail was the size of pigeons eggs. No reference was found to flooding.

    Rainfall: The storm extended from Morecambe bay to the Mersey

    Source: Preston chronicle 22 Jun

  42. 1833-07-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: the rain rolled down from the higher to the lower parts and inundated several districts.A mill and several other buildings were struck by lightning and damaged. A boy and a horse were killed. There was partial flooding but Whitechapel and Paradise street suffered little compared with previous inundations. [2] Place Stockport: A child was killed in rushing in terror from the storm and falling over a balustrade.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 12 Jul

  43. 1834-07-11 Lancashire

    [1] River Douglas: The river burst its banks between Rufford and Ormskirk and flooded scores of acres. A child was killed at Bispham

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 1 Aug

  44. 1834-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Glossop: In the hills, men working observed immense quantities of peat thrown up to a height of 30 to 40 feet accompanied by large quantities of water which appeared to boil out of the earth. The water then poured down towards Glossop with tremendous force and rapidity. The Hurst Brook (headwater of R Goyt) was the principal cause of devastation. In the first factory it rushed in the windows rising to seven feet in the lower storey. Two women and child were drowned attempting to escape. Others took refuge on upper floors. Several other mills were similarly inundated. Four bridges were destroyed at Howard Town, Charleston, Primrose and Dinting and two other at Lowe mill and Dinting Mill were seriously damaged. Such was the suddenness and violence of the storm that not only sheep and lambs but also hares, rabbits and grouse were carried away and drowned and many fish were caught on the turnpike road. When the water poured into the Mersey, it was raised to an unusual size and was covered with the wreck of houses and factories. A man was drowned at Compstall Bridge attempting to retrieve floating material. Two Men were killed by lightning at Newton Heath whilst working at their looms. A woman was killed at Prestwich. [2] Another storm passed over Saddleworth, Oldham, Middleton and Bury. [3] Place Manchester: Thunderstorm with hailstones fell weighing more than one ounce and more than an inch in diameter. At Cheetham some weighed two ounces causing loss of windows and glasshouses. A man was killed at Water Street. Two other men were killed by lightning at Newton Heath. A woman was killed at Prestwich. The hailstones were of 1 ½ to 2 inches in diameter and of irregular shape and one was measured of 4 inches diameter with much damage to growing crops of fruit and windows. [4] Place Oldham: Similar thunderstorm with hail, some three inches and more in circumference. Scarcely a window facing the storm escaped injury. [5] Place Bury: A man was killed by lightning. Rain was accompanied by large hailstones such that the drains wre unable to carry the water away. [6] Place Wigan: Two lives were lost (not clear whether form drowning or lightning). [7] Place Standish: 2 men were killed by lightning. [8] Place Ormskirk: A house was struck and a horse killed by lightning. [9] Place Pendleton: many windows were broken by hail. [10] Place Littleborough: Two children were struck dead by lightning.

    Rainfall: Preceding days were surly and oppressive. Rain was mixed with hailstones, an inch and a half to two inches in diameter.

    Source: Manchester Times 2 Aug; Liverpool Mercury 1 Aug; Preston chronicle 9 Aug; Hull advertiser 8 Aug

  45. 1835-06-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Leyland: A woman was killed by lightning whilst sitting at a loom. Damage was also caused near Blackburn

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 13 Jun

  46. 1836-05-07 Lancashire

    [1] Horwich nr Bolton: A thunderstorm with hail caused serious damage to buildings by lightning and one man was killed.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Lancaster Gas 14 May

  47. 1836-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] A very severe thunderstorm hit the Dumfries area and was said to have had some effects over much of the country but with no detail in Lancs.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Westmorland Gaz. 9 Jul

  48. 1838-06-18 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: From the tremendous fall of rain two houses in Marsh Lane, a house in High Street and a large wall were levelled by the weight of waters. Houses in Walker Street were flooded Many thousands of acres of meadow lands have been submerged At Rufford, Sephton and Croston, Woodplumpton, Inskip and Sowerby being as bad as a great flood in June 1823. Inskip Brook Bridge was swept away. Some farmhouses had water up to the window sills. A cow was killed by lightning at Tarlton. Serious flooding occurred at the villages of Goosnargh and Salwick. The Lancaster Canal overflowed next Salwick Hall. Cottages were flooded to a great depth. At Croston the River Yarrow rolled down the street and entered houses; the Sydbrook and Lostock deluged meadows and the Douglas burst its banks. On Horscar Moss water was up to the knees in houses. [2] Place Garstang: Two men were killed by lightning. [3] Place Longton: A man was killed by lightning [4] Similar land flooding and crop damage was reported at Lytham and Poulton le Flyde. [5] Place Wigan: The Douglas was higher than on any previous occasion and did great damage to cellars near Scholes Bridge. It washed away all but the central arch of Rylance bridge and overflowed the road at Smithy Brook. Much damage was done to crops at Newborough with soil and crops completely washed away. Several coal pits at Pemberton had water rising in them where colleiers escaped with difficulty.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm from 11 am to 6 pm

    Source: Blackburn Standard 27 Jun

  49. 1838-07-03 Lancashire

    [1] A thunderstorm with hail and large pieces of ice several inches in circumference passed over a considerable part of the county, a few miles to the north of Kendal. The hail has done great damage to conservatories and skylights in gardens and factories. (The article mentions Rochdale Bolton and Bury etc.. It is not clear if this article refers at all to Westmorland. Details of damage elsewhere are noted in the General floods file) [2] Place Bolton: thunderstorm with floods causing damage at Edgeworth and Egerton. Buildings were struck and a horse killed. The Royal George Factory was struck by lightning and set alight and collapsed with three men buried underneath. [3] Place Rochdale: Hailstones measuring 3 inches in circumference broke skylights and windows. The water flowed down Blackwater street like a river and many houses were flooded. A dye house at Spotland bridge was nearly washed away. Black-pits factory near Bagslate was damaged and a new stone bridge nearby was completely washed away. Three boys trapped in a mine were drowned. [4] Place Bury: With such heavy showers of rain and hail the rivers in the vicinity rose 6 to 8 feet above their usual level in 30 to 40 minutes. Great damage has been done to property in the vicinity of the Rivers Roach and Irwell and their tributaries. Mills at Dearden Clough and Ewood Bridge were greatly damaged. Two stone bridges were washed away. Damage was great in the Rawensthall area. [5] In late afternoon the River Irwell was observed to be rising very rapidly although very little rain had been observed. The flood came down with increasing force and in an hour and a half the river was overflowing its banks having risen 8 to 10 feet in little more than an hour. The River Irk was the greatest contributor. At Rochdale large hailstones damaged windows and skylights and ‘we have not heard of any skylight not broken’. The River Roach rose immediately to an alarming height and cellars in the market place were flooded and shops to a depth of one to 3 feet. Cellars in Rope Street were from 4 to 5 feet deep.Water was 2 feet deep in the Angel Inn Blackwater street. At River Spoddin at Spotland bridge the damage is extensive; the stone bridge is washed away along with the dye house. Many cottages were flooded to the second storey and inmates were released by the aid of ladders and ropes. [6] At Broadley Mill 3 miles from Rochdale, the gasometer, dyehouse loom shops, and stove were swept down the stream where the water was 23 feet deep, its normal level being 2 feet. A stable with a boy and three cows inside was washed away and all drowned. [7] At Rossendale a Cowpe Mill was cut in two by the water. A man was washed away from the Water Burn above bacup and drowned. On Bagslate two miles from Rochdale Shepherd Mill and bridge are swept away. At Spotland a woman lost two children washed out of the house, one a baby in a cradle. [8] Along the River Eagley, a branch of the Irwell in the neighbourhood of Little Bolton, Turton, Longworth and Sharples the river rose to a great height in 2 hours. At Egerton Mills and Eagley Mill the lower rooms were filled with water and water was 4 feet deep in the warehouse. Footbridges were swept down and coal washed away. [9] Fortunately the heavy rains did not fall on the Mersey and it was raised very little above its ordinary level. [10] At Blomley Colliery near Middleton although no rain was experienced, a whirlwind tore up large trees by the roots. [11] Effects were also severe at Wigan, Chorley, Preston and Lancaster. [12] Place Preston: A man was killed by lightning. [13] On the Cowpe Brook in the parish of Bury, a mill in the headwaters has a tunnel of considerable length the entrance of which became blocked up and the water backed up to a height of 4 storeys and 26 yards long gave way and immense volumes of water rolled over the ruins carrying away the dyehouse and cottages immediately in front of it. Various mills and bridges were flooded or destroyed downstream. [14] Near a place called Lower Clews a house was destroyed and three other had doors and windows broken down washing out all the furniture [15] Cheesden Brook which rises in Harding was much swollen. A fulling mill was flooded and a new mill was washed away at Coosden Close [16] Place Preston: The storm lasted 3 hours. The streets in many places had the appearance of brooks. A man was killed by lightning in Albert Street.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Kendal Mercury 14 Jul; Manchester Courier 7 Jul; Manchester Times 7 Jul; Manchester Courier 14 Jul; Preston Chronicle 7 Jul

  50. 1838-08-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: The rivers were much swollen and many houses were flooded.The storm was accompanied by strong winds and hail and branches were torn from trees and fruit damaged. A four year old child was killed by lightning. [2] Aston under Lyne: a boy fell in the river and was drowned.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Bolton chronicle 14 Aug

  51. 1838-09-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Macclesfield: Very heavy rain fell for half an hour. The River Bollin was swollen to a great height and houses near its banks were flooded.The spire at Astbury church was struck and partly demolished.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 8 Sep

  52. 1840-08-17 Lancashire

    [1] Preston and neighbourhood experienced a storm of wind and rain - “a perfect hurricane” Water rose an inch higher than in 1824 and flood at Preston was said to be the highest since 1799. [2] Place Manchester: Corn in the area is beaten down with the force of the wind. Rivers Mersey and Irwell are swelled to a height not known since 1799 (also 17 Aug). [3] Place Bury: A man woman and child were drowned. [4] Place Blackburn: Streets were flooded and houses flooded in lower areas from the overflowing of brooks. The Ribble was in very high flood with cattle washed away and Brockhole bridge (on the Blackburn and Preston turnpike road), a wooden structure was overtopped and three of the arches are carried away. Damage was done by 3 large trees blocking the opening.

    Rainfall: Severe gale with persistent rain and some hail

    Source: JBA Report; London Evg. Standard 20 Aug; Carlisle Journal 22 Aug

  53. 1841-07-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Fylde: Many scores of fields are one sheet of water even covering hedges. Embankments at Inskip, Sowerby and Ashton on Ribble have given way. A considerable number of cottage houses are flooded to a depth of one foot and lanes are impassable in the neighbourhood of St Michaels.

    Rainfall: No reference to thunder

    Source: Liverpool Mail 14 Jul

  54. 1841-08-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bolton: The damage was restricted to the breaking of a few windows. [2] Place Liverpool: St Michaels Church steeple was shattered by lightning. Low parts of the town were completely flooded. The spire of the church of St martin also suffered some damage.

    Rainfall: A storm of wind hail and rain with occasional thunder

    Source: Bolton chronicle 28 Aug

  55. 1841-09-14 Lancashire

    [1] St Helens: Incessant rain and thunder continued for some hours. Water continued to pour into the lower part of the town from eight in the evening till two in the morning. At the bottom of Tontine Street (the entrance leading from Liverpool Road) the depth reached 6 feet and extended over a wide area. Seven people were drowned. The water filled Kidd’s linen yarn factory and every house on the street. Fifteen people are missing in the neighbourhood of Haydock.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Liverpool Mail 1841

  56. 1843-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Melling: A boy was struck and killed by lightning. [2] Place Rochdale: The Methodist church at Castle Moor was struck and damaged and much damage was caused by flooding at Milnrow where four bridges were carried away by the overflow of water. The gable end of a house at Kiteliffe was washed away and furniture floated out of the hous and found 3 miles away.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Sheffield Independent 15 Jul

  57. 1843-11-21 Lancashire

    [1] In consequence of the heavy rain on 21st and 22nd the river in the vicinity of Sedbergh [Rawthey, tributary of the Lune] was higher than has been known for a good number of years. In some parts of the vale of Dent the road was covered to a depth of 2 feet. The mail between Northallerton and Sedbergh was compelled to come by way of Catterick because of water 7 feet deep on the road at Morton on Swale. The flood entered a few houses of parties near the river.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Westmorland Gaz. 25 Nov

  58. 1844-06-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Stockport: Thunderstorm with rain and hail. Many sewers were soon choked up and the water flowed into several poorer homes in the lower part of town. The cellars of several public houses were also filled.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 29 Jun

  59. 1844-09-06 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorms occurred at Warrington, Wigan, Leigh, Chowbent, Bedford and Westhoughton. At Breightmet a woman was killed by lightning and a cow killed at West Houghton. [2] Hazelgrove near Stockport: On the same day a storm near Hazel Grove a cotton mill at Bosden in Cheshire was flooded and men sent home; on passing a wall, behind which was a reservoir of water, the wall gave way killing 6 men and injuring several others. A bridge was destroyed.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 14 Sep

  60. 1846-06-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Stockport: A thunderstorm of two hours duration caused flooding of streets. Two people were killed by lightning whilst sheltering in a barn. [2] Thunderstorms were reported in several other towns including Wigan and Warrington but without reference to flooding.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 24 Jun

  61. 1846-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: A thunderstorm caused the streets to be much flooded with the sewers being surcharged. A great deal of damage has been done by water flowing into houses and cellars. [2] Place Liverpool: Houses were struck and several people injured. [3] Place Ormskirk: The lower end of Aughton Street and the houses were completely flooded.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 8 Jul; Preston chronicle 11 Jul

  62. 1846-07-29 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Following a period of excessive heat a thunderstorm struck Liverpool (as affected much of England). Several people were struck by lightning and injured and buildings affected. No mention is made of flooding in Liverpool although there were extensive problems elsewhere including London (see general file). [2] Place Oldham: A young woman was killed by lightning in her house. [3] Place Warrington: Thunderstorm in which the sewer grids quickly became choked and the water ran down streets flooding houses and cellars and also shops. In several of the lower streets the water was 3 to 4 feet deep [4] Place Wigan: the thunderstorm extended in all directions and injury from the flow of water is very considerable. Scaffolding for the repair of a bridge over the River Douglas was carried away. In the town much damage was done by the complete glutting of sewers and overflowing into cellars. The storm was of short duration. [5] Place Bacup: The rain fell in torrents for two hours. The George and Dragon public house in Market Place was flooded to a depth of several feet. St James’s Street was like a river and houses and cellars flooded. A draper in Bridge Street was flooded. ‘There has not been so disastrous a flood for upwards of 20 years’.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester times 8 Aug

  63. 1847-09-22 Lancashire

    [1] Widespread rainfall and apparently prolonged rainfall (no mention of thunder).Manchester had 3.13 inches during the week. The Rivers Irwell Medlock and Irk were in high flow and caused problems with mills due to the amount of sediment. Many establishments along the Irwell were completely flooded. We never knew the water to rise so rapidly. At Stretford the Mersey overflowed its banks to a great extent. The water overflowed the highway at Cheadle. Flooding was also reported at Stockport and Macclesfield (River Bollin) [2] Place Wigan: This is the only mention of thunder and lightning along with heavy rain for several hours. Water overflowed into old mine shafts and caused difficulties for working mines. [3] Place Garstang: The River Wyre was filled to a most extraordinary degree. An embankment failed at Stockingbridge and much land was flooded and a farmhouse was flooded to 3 feet. The water was two yards deep on the road from St Michaels to Great Eccleston. [4] Place Oswaldthwistle: A girl was drowned when falling off a plank into the flooded Lottice Brook. [5] Place Blackburn: the R Blackewater rose five feet above its normal height, higher than for 30 years. A vast number of cellars and dwellings were flooded and a great deal of property was destroyed. Water St was impassable for several hours; Penny Street and Church Street as far as Ainsworth street were covered with water. The White Bull close to Salford Bridge was flooded to several feet. At Whalley Banks cellars and lower rooms were flooded. The water rose 4 to 5 feet above the roadway in Brunswick Street and Thomas Street in the Wrangling. The lower end of Darwen Street was flooded to the first floor. In Henry St an old couple in a basement were rescued just in time. Back Livesey street was flooded to the first floor. Pearson Street, the bottom of chapel Street and Ainsworth Street were likewise inundated. King Street had the appearance of a river. At Eanam the river carried away part of an embankment and flowed through Sparrow’s factory and through the first floor of a factory at Further Gate. [6] Place Wigan: had a storm of thunder lightning and rain and the rain poured for several hours. The River Douglas was swollen to a great height. Mines were flooded. [7] Place Bolton: the River Crole was higher than for 20 years. Cottages at Waterside, Coopers Row were flooded. Several mills were flooded and work stopped but damage was not serious. [8] Place Warrington: Dallam Brook overflowed and covered much meadow land. It washed over the turnpike road at Longford Bridge and over the Liverpool Road near the Wash.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 29 Sep; Blackburn Standard 29 Sep

  64. 1848-04-02 Lancashire

    [1] Place Colne: A thunderstorm was reported accompanied by hailstones the size of kidney beans. The parsonage was struck and caused serious damage. There was no report of flooding [2] [On the same day serious flooding occurred in S Yorkshire and thunderstorms were reported in Cheshire and Herefordshire]

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 8 Apr

  65. 1848-06-29 Lancashire

    [1] Pilkington and Whitefield: A severe thunderstorm was accompanied by hail and rain for only 20 minutes. A house was struck and damaged by lightning. Several cottage houses near Radcliffe bridge (R Irwell) were flooded.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 1 Jul

  66. 1848-08-23 Lancashire

    [1] A thunderstorm occurred at Over Darwen and a water lodge (mill dam?) burst. The embankment was reduced from 40 to 20 feet causing a breach 60 feet across. Along the stream the water rose 10 feet and carried all before it. Houses immediately below were flooded to 4 to 5 feet. Water poured down Water Street and Bury Street into Market street, the principal street of the town. It then flowed into Lum Street where it forced a door inwards. Twelve people were drowned in cellar dwellings in Bury Street where the water was 3 feet deep on the road above the cellars and in some houses it was 5 feet deep. The flood occurred at night and people were taken unawares in bed. (Blackburn Standard has an extended description of the mill dam (lodge) and the circumstances of its failure. The flash flood here was not the direct consequence of the intense rainfall but the indirect effect of the dam burst.) [2] Place Oldham: A child was killed by lightning in its house. [3] Place Preston: thunderstorms with strong cold winds over three days. The rivers are unusually full. Much land was flooded at hutton and Penwortham, Longton and Hoole. At Croston many houses were flooded. At Brinscall all the brooks overflowed and carried everything with them and damaging walls. Roads had the appearance of being harrowed. People at Croft house had a narrow escape from the floods from the Hatch Brook, leaving furniture floating about in the house. [4] Place Chorley: The river Lostock overflowed and inundated the bleachworks at Low Mill near Chorley and the cottages in the neighbourhood to a depth of 4 feet.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 26 Aug; Preston Chronicle 26 Aug; Blackburn Standard 30 Aug

  67. 1848-09-01 Lancashire

    [1] Five trains were held up at Barnacre approaching Garstang where the line was flooded two feet deep for about a mile. The water is supposed to have come from Bleasdale Fell over which a violent thunderstorm had occurred shortly before.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 6 Sep

  68. 1849-08-09 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bacup: A thunderstorm followed a very calm and sultry day. The storm burst over the town at 12.10 and the town first became flooded at 12.20 and continued to rise until 1.20. The flood was said to have risen 6 inches higher than a flood 18 years ago. Some houses were flooded to a depth of 5 feet. The water threw down the parapets of several bridges and outhouses and animals were carried away. A raingauge recorded 0.99 inch. Most of the mill owners and tradesmen have suffered severely. [2] Dunford Bridge: Severe storm worst for 14 or 15 years but only 4 miles away there was no rain. [3] Place Altrincham: Several buildings were struck including a church pinnacle and damaged by lightning. A cow was killed but no flooding was reported.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 11 Aug

  69. 1849-10-05 Lancashire

    [1] Glossop and Woodhead: Etherow was visited first by a snow storm then by thunder which continued for several hours. Manchester Waterworks in the vicinity, then under construction was damaged by floods particularly in the Headon Brook and the River Etherow. Along the Etherow it flooded large areas of land. At the Vale House mill three miles downstream the water came like a ‘wall of water’ five feet high; the lower storeys of the mill were flooded in an instant and destroyed an adjacent school building. Two bridges were partly swept away and most of the houses suffered some flooding. Further down Lee’ spinning mill was flooded along with neighbouring cottages to a great depth. Further down the Hollingworth Printing works, Waterside Mill were flooded, cottages flooded and a bridge carried away. [2] Place Preston: A bridge under construction for the Bamber bridge branch of the East Lancashire Railway over the river Ribble was destroyed, fourteen arches being demolished by the high flood level.

    Rainfall: Snow then thunderstorm!

    Source: Manchester courier 12 Oct; Liverpool Mercury 26 Oct

  70. 1850-05-29 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: thunderstorm with rain and hail causing the streets to be deluged in an instant. The storm appears to have been very localised.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 8 Jun

  71. 1850-06-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Stockport: In a thunderstorm many houses were flooded at Alderley near Stockport

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 29 Jun

  72. 1850-07-16 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorm stretching from Manchester to Bury, Chorley, Liverpool and Knutsford. Two children were killed by lightning at Horwich and a man was drowned when working in a pit which filled with water. [2] At Horwich the storm continued from 4.15 to 9.00 and the water descended the valley, uprooting trees, tore up roads, broke down bridges and flooded houses and several mills. On some roads it made cavities 4 to 6 feet deep. Next morning the river Irwell was much swollen. A boy was killed by lightning near Bury and a man was killed at St Helens. [3] The print works at Adlington were flooded and there is great damage at Blackrod where a man was drowned by the filling of a coal pit. At Wigan the water got into some old workings from the Douglas, and fearing a repetition of the problems in 1847, men got out quickly. At Hendley a row of houses were completely filled and a child was drowned. Two people were swept off their feet at New Scholes but they were rescued. At Ormskirk several houses were flooded and the railway line was covered for some distance. At Hindley the Brosden Brook broke down two bridges and injured the county bridge and the Douglas overflowed. Many houses were flooded in Wigan and two public houses. [4] Place Bolton: Houses and mills were struck by lightning and damaged. [5] Place Ormskirk: Heavy rain continued for upwards of an hour. The streets were completely flooded partly owing to blockage of gutters by straw etc. The rails of the railway near Moor Street were covered. Several houses were flooded. Two men and a horse were killed at North Meols.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Manchester courier 20 Jul; Liverpool Mercury 23 Jul

  73. 1850-08-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Darwen: In a thunderstorm the streets had the appearance of rivers; drains were choked and several cellars flooded. A young man fell into the brook in Water Street and was carried for some distance before being rescued.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Preston chronicle 10 Aug

  74. 1851-06-21 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorm accompanied by very strong wind and large hailstones, some as big as pigeon’s eggs, rugged pieces of ice and weighing nearly an ounce. [2] Place Manchester: Rain was so heavy that gulleys were surcharged and almost every street was more or less flooded and in many poured into cellars. A heavy volume of water rushed down Great Dulcie Street, Strangewasys and Bury New Road and streams came from Cheetham Hill and Cheetwood. A wall was washed away at Strangeways Methodist chapel. Cellars in Chester Road Hulme were flooded to a considerable depth and also at the lower end of Deansgate. Stalls in Shadehill Market were thrown down by the wind. At Pendleton, factories were damaged by hailstones, 7/8 inch in diameter, and the wind. At Droylsden the Catholic Chapel had 200 panes broken and nearly every house was similarly affected. [3] At Newton where Shooter’s Brook and Blue Button Brook join a number of cottages and a beerhouse were flooded. [4] At Bowdon 0.98 inches of rain fell in 30 minutes. Sandy Lane was transformed into a large river and near Peel Causeway a large hole was excavated by the water. At Bowdon Railway Station the water rushed down from Bowdon Downs, through the booking office and was knee deep on the tracks. New shops near the station were flooded. [5] Place Ashton: Windows were widely broken at Little Moss. Many houses in the Boston area were flooded to a considerable depth. The sewers at Charlestown were insufficient to carry the Hurst Brook and water flowed down Boston Street in some places to 18-20 inches deep and flooded some houses. [6] Place Bolton: The storm continued for 1 ½ hours. A pub was set on fire by lightning. There was no reference to flooding. [7] Place Bury: water poured down the streets in torrents. Part of a factory at Simpson Clough was washed away and grocers at Heywood had cellars and contained goods flooded. A child was killed by lightning. [8] Blackburn and Haslingden: Lightning effects were noted but no reference to flooding. [9] Place Middleton: At Little Parks, Lower Tonge and at Rhodes a number of cottages were flooded and furniture severely damaged- 7 houses at Tonge Lane, 9 cottage houses at Greenshaw Lane. Damage was caused by the wind with trees blown down and houses destroyed. [10] Place Oldham: Hurricane was more destructive than the thunderstorm which had hail and large pieces of ice. The hurricane approached with a deafening roar carrying away roofs, whole buildings and trees. [11] Place Rochdale: The storm lasted one hour. In Yorkshire Street the gulleys were surcharged and water flowed down into Old Market Place where it filled many cellars. In College Street and Holland Street the flood left heaps of rubbish. The foundations of 6 new houses in Manchester Road were swept away and the Gas works were affected. Damage was done to a mill in Manchester street. At Amen corner water surrounded a house to 4 feet depth. At Spotland a pub at Shawforth was flooded from an adjoining brook. Three cottages were flooded near Bridge Mill. Three weirs in the vicinity were washed away. [12] Place Stockport: Hailstones 1 ½ inch in diameter were measured and few houses have escaped injury. Large factories have had several thousand panes broken and foliage and fruit stripped from trees. [13] Place Warrington: Streets were flooded and impassable especially in Scotland Road. [14] Place Liverpool: Minor lightning effects were noted but no reference was made to flooding. [15] Place Manchester: Cellars especially in Deansgate and Chester road are flooded [16] Place Salford: Cellars were flooded by the heavy fall of rain. [17] River otherwise much the same information as in Courier though this is 3 days earlier:

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms from North Wales to Nottingham and West Yorkshire moving from west to east.

    Source: Manchester Courier 28 Jun; Manchester Times 25 Jun

  75. 1851-07-02 Lancashire

    [1] The village of Chipping 12 miles from Preston was visited by a fearful thunderstorm and devastating flood. A vast tide with irresistible force swept down the valley from the Parlick Hill, sweeping away sheep, trees and thousands of tons of earth and stones, weir ,bridges, fences and hedges. Chipping Brook otherwise and insignificant stream was swollen into a torrent. At Evans’ cotton factory on the banks the water rose 18 feet and was 6 feet deep in the mill or 2 feet over the top of the machinery which was covered with mud. One mill weir was destroyed and another damaged. One stone bridge was demolished and another partially destroyed; a wooden bridge was removed and another damaged. Many houses in the village were flooded to a depth of 4 to 6 feet; one house was undermined and partially carried away.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 5 Jul

  76. 1851-07-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: A thunderstorm of short duration caused lightning damage to a mill chimney. There is no reference to flooding.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 2 Aug

  77. 1851-08-14 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorms at Hulne which completely flooded the streets and many of the cellars. A man was killed by lightning at Droylsden. Large hail broke skylights at Stalybridge, Hyde and Dukinfield. A woman was killed by lightning at Rochdale. [2] At Wigan the volume of water which rushed down the Scholes was very great and flooded several houses and cellars. A great body of water ran down Standishgate and flooded several houses and shops. [3] Place Darwen: several houses were flooded near the Angel Inn. In a second storm the following day houses were flooded in Lawrence St and the bottom end of Duckworth Street.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester times 16 Aug; Manchester Courier 16 Aug; Preston chronicle 16 Aug

  78. 1852-06-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: thunderstorm with rain and hail of ‘prodigious size’. The worst effects of the hail were in Eccles and Pendleton where greenhouses were riddled by large lumps of ice. Mills have been temporarily stopped because of damage to buildings. Hail was measured at 2 ½ inch in circumference; elsewhere the size was reported as 1 inch in diameter. Buildings were struck in Manchester but there were no reports of flooding in that area. [2] Place Bury: A number of houses were flooded by the rain. [3] Place Rochdale: Buildings were damaged by lightning.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Times 23 Jun

  79. 1852-07-13 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: thunderstorm with rain and hail. A horse was killed by lightning and a building struck and damaged. [2] Place Middleton: Intense rainfall for 40 inutes; a house was struck and damaged. Cellars were filled by the flood. [3] Storms were also reported at Warrington and Todmorden but without reference to flooding or lightning damage.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 17 Jul

  80. 1852-07-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Darwen: Fields lanes and houses were inundated by the flood. A culvert at Eccles’ Mill was surcharged and water flowed into the factory yard. Timber fowl and pigs were seen floating down the brook.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Preston Chronicle 31 Jul

  81. 1852-08-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: the storm was concentrated over Ashton and Openshaw. People were struck and injured but there were no fatalities. A horse was killed and houses were damaged by lightning. Cattle Market Hotel Cross Lane Salford was flooded when sewers in the street became surcharged (the second time in 2 years that the house has been flooded). [2] Place Liverpool: the streets were completely flooded. [3] Place Bury: The flood overflowed the tanks conks connected to the gasworks, stopping the supply of gas. [4] Place Rochdale: A man was drowned in the river Roach. [5] Place Liverpool: the streets were completely flooded. Some cellars in Lord Street and other low lying parts of the town were flooded. [6] Place Haslingden: three cows were killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: Noted that the year 1852 had a remarkable number of severe thunderstorms around the country

    Source: Manchester Courier 21 Aug; Liverpool Mercury 20 Aug

  82. 1852-08-31 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: A factory chimney was damaged by lightning. The lower parts of the town were again flooded especially in Darwen Street.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 4 sep

  83. 1853-07-09 Lancashire

    [1] Preston and Lancaster: Heavy rain with some thunder and lightning lasting from Saturday morning to Sunday morning. Rivers were very high and great damage was done to farmers in Caton, Aughton, Claughton and Hornby Holmes. Cows, sheep and pigs were washed away. The Rivers Kear and Condor overflowed and caused much damage. The River Wyre forced down the baulks below Churchtown and did great damage at Fleetwood, Pilling, Nateby, Winmarlegh and Cockerham Sandside. On the River Wyre at St Michaels, Sowerby, Wooplumpton was at the greatest extent in the last 60 years. Embankments gave way causing widespread flooding of farmland at Sowerby. The brook which flows through these townships was the highest since the disastrous inundation in 1840. Two thirds of the highway between St Michaels and Great Eccleston was covered with water to a great depth and impassable. [2] Place Garstang: A correspondent notes that this was the largest flood on the Wyre since 2 Jun 1823. The water entered all the buildings at Kirkland mill in some places to a depth of 30 inches. Flooding was also extensive in Croston and Rufford areas.

    Rainfall: Widespread destructive thunderstorms and prolonged rainfall and floods over much of England

    Source: Manchester Courier 23 Jul; Bolton Chronicle 23 Jul

  84. 1854-05-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bolton: the storm lasted 20 minutes and streets were deluged with hail and rain. At Gilnow a cow was killed by lightning. [2] Place Oldham: rainfall for a couple of hours; lightning injury and damage to a house but no reports of flooding. [3] Place Rochdale: Lightning damage to property but no reference to flooding.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester times 31 May

  85. 1854-07-31 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ashton: A heavy shower of rain with a little thunder for 1.5 hours causing houses in low localities to be completely flooded. The sewers were choked up and streets impassable.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 5 Aug

  86. 1855-06-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Storm with rainfall for 2 hours but there was no reference to flooding there or elsewhere. [2] Place Bolton: A boy was killed by lightning at Egerton [3] Place Rochdale: A factory chimney was partly demolished by lightning at Wardle [4] Ashton under Lyme: A factory was struck and seriously damaged at Cock Brook

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 9 Jun

  87. 1855-06-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ingleton: Severe thunderstorm but no flooding noted. [2] Place Milnthorpe: the lower end of the town was flooded. The hailstones were very large and lay thick upon the ground. A cow was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 16 Jun

  88. 1855-07-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Heywood: many houses were flooded and a house was struck by lightning. [2] Place Mossley: Several houses in low places were flooded. [3] Place Gorton: A boy was struck and killed by lightning in his house.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Bury Times 21 Jul; Ashton weekly Reporter 21 Jul; Lancaster Gaz 21Jul

  89. 1855-07-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: some houses in Halland St were flooded ankle deep. [2] Place Manchester: Thunderstorm but no reports of flooding

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 28 Jul; Liverpool daily Post 25 Jul

  90. 1855-08-08 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorms were widespread. [2] Place Runcorn: Rain fell in streams, deluging cellars and tearing up roads; a horse was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Carlisle Journal 10 Aug; Manchester courier 11 aug

  91. 1855-08-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Two separate storms during the night, the first lasting one hour and the second of shorter duration. ‘The streets and courts were flooded with incredible rapidity’. No specific mention of property flooded. [2] Place Stockport: Heavy rain stopped many of the channels and sewers and flooded cellars; a house was struck and seriously damaged.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Manchester courier 25 Aug

  92. 1855-10-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Heavy rain mixed with hail and a smart breeze from the southwest. Several streets were flooded when the gratings were unable to receive the water and cellars were flooded. Hail damaged skylights including panes in the roof of Victoria Station.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 6 Oct

  93. 1856-08-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ramsbottom: Rain Hail and pieces of ice fell in torrents causing damage to mills and houses (not clear whether from lightning, hail or flooding). A blacksmith from Ramsbottom was drowned. [2] Bury, Edenfield: A gardener was killed by lightning and two horses were killed at Quarlton. The high roads were completely flooded. Some of the streams were higher than had been known for 30 years.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with hail on 7th and 8th followed by persistent rain on 9th.

    Source: Manchester Times 16 aug

  94. 1856-08-09 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: The rivers Irk Medlock Irwell and Tib rose to a height not known for many years. The River Medlock rose 15 feet above ordinary level and flooded a vast number of warehouses storehouses and cellars, mainly in Downing St and Buxton St off London Road. Mellor’s timber yard and Hoyle’s Printworks sustained much damage. Gas was put out as meters became inundated. Peak level was said to be 3 feet above that ever known, the previous great flood being in 1828. A culvert recently constructed at Hulme St was surcharged and water rose 4 feet above its crown and backed up. In the cellars of the Royal Oak Inn, London Road, the water rose to 8 feet. Businesses were flooded in Store Street and a wooden footbridge washed away. Cellars in Hanover Street and Buxton Street were flooded with loss of yarn and warps and a chemical manufacturer at Ardwick Bridge was flooded. Flooding extended from Buxton Street on the onse side of Ardwick Bridge to Russell Street on the other. In the neighbourhood of Oxford Road the flood broke into properties of Irish poor and 80 houses were flooded. Two men were drowned in the River Irwell, thought to be caused by the failure of a bridge they were crossing. [2] Place Rochdale: An embankment at Marland Mill gave way flooding the River Roach but no damage was reported. [3] Place Woodhead: Owing to the overflow of the River Etherow the railway was blocked from Sheffield to Manchester. The rails were carried away. [4] Place Stockport: A cottage in the vicinity was washed down. [5] Place Ashton: The Rivers Teme and Swineshaw Brook overflowed and affected Harrison’s Cotton mill. [6] Stalybridge and Dukinfield: Several houses nad mills were flooded. Two bridges were swept away. North-end Mill was flooded and a culvert burst causing the flooding of the Swan Inn. All the houses in Canal Street were flooded when the canal bank was washed in. At least 6 mills were also mentioned and the Dog and Partridge Inn. All the houses in Caroline Street were flooded. Turner Lane Brook at Charlesworth also overflowed and flooded houses. [7] Mossley and Saddleworth: the River Teme and Tributaries overflowed espec ially at Bottoms where a substantial bridge was carried away along with 5 timber bridges; many mills near the river were flooded up to a depth of 5 feet. A great many roads are broken up and furrows more than a yard in depth and three or four yards wide are quite common. Par of the wall of Mossley churchyard was carried away and in many cottages the water accumulated to a depth of 5 ½ feet. [8] New Hollins: A row of houses damaged by a thunderstorm 2 days previous was further damaged by the longer rain with the back walls falling in. [9] Place Saddleworth: 3 bridges were washed away including 2 stone ones and 3 weirs. The flood was said to have surpassed any flood since the great flood of 1799.

    Rainfall: Persistent rain – no mention of thunder but it was said the rain was mingled with hailstones of enormous size and at Helmshore the hail was 6 inches deep.

    Source: Manchester Times 16 Aug Ashton Weekly Reporter 16 Aug; Chester chronicle 16 Aug

  95. 1856-10-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: A waterspout fell at Crompton fold and Weymoss in the neighbourhood of the corporation waterworks. The brooks in the neighbourhood were immediately flooded and much damage done to adjoining property. A part of the waterworks embankment gave way but did not fail. Several mills were flooded and the road was ploughed up to a depth of 18 inches, the boulder stones with which it was paved being washed away.

    Rainfall: Presumably a thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Times 11 Oct

  96. 1857-05-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: some of the public thoroughfares were flooded.

    Rainfall: thunderstorm

    Source: Blackburn Standard 20 May

  97. 1857-06-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Craven: the storm flooded low grounds and many cellars. Preston was also affected by the thunderstorm but no flooding was reported. [2] [Storms were also reported at chester and Crewe with floodin at the former].

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancaster gaz 4 Jul

  98. 1857-08-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: the Irwell was higher than for many years. The low ground behind Broughton Mews was flooded to a depth of several feet. Only the white parapets of wooden bridges were visible. Mills were flooded to the level of boiler fires and hence stopped. At Victoria Bridge the Irwell augmented by the Irk rose 4 inches higher than in Sept 1855 (no ref above); a man was drowned attempting to catch floating timber. Along the Medlock the water rose 3 to 5 feet higher than last August; many properties were flooded this time which escaped in the 1856 flood, including Chorlton Mills. An engineer’s premises at Great Marlborough St were flooded to 8 feet. All the cottages in Little Ireland were flooded some to the bedroom floor and some broke through their roofs to escape. [2] Mills at Prichard St of Charles St suffered severely along with Mynahull Mill, with boilers carried away and water reaching 5 feet in an upper yard and New Mill (6 ½ feet deep, three feet higher than the flood last year). Edmonson’s Calico printers on the other side of the street had water 7 feet deep. Mills in Zara Street and Temple Street on the other side of the Medlock were also flooded; chemical works in Jackson St were flooded as was the Hanover Mill in Buxton Street. The Royal Oak pub was flooded. Premises in Mount Street, Ardwick Island. Holt Town in Beswick. Several lives were said to have been lost by the bursting of a reservoir at Blue Pits. [3] Place Ashton: Severe damage in Ashton, Stalybridge, Mossley and Duckinfield including Mayalls Mills. A number of mills are mentioned including Chadwick’s and Mellors mills in the Tame valley. At Bardsley between Ashton and Oldham a large gasometer was carried away; a man was washed away and drowned. [4] Place Saddleworth: At Hey Heads some buildings were washed away. [5] Place Bury: A reservoir failed at Morris Mills Pilsworth and the flood downstream carried away a bridge and aw weir at Hollins vale Bleachworks. [6] Place Oldham: Another reservoir failed and the downstream flood was 40 yards wide and flowed down Manchester Road and Drury Lane, doing great injury to cottages where inmates escaped from windows. [7] Place Middleton: Many houses were flooded notably in Tong Street. Mills and dyehouses were flooded. A man was drowned in the River Irk below St Michael’s church Tonge. [8] Place Rochdale: Several mills were flooded. Unequalled flood caused flooding of meadows sometimes to a depth of 2 to 3 yards. In the valley from Todmorden to Wakefield crops are seriously damaged. One man was drowned at Butterworth and a woman was killed by being struck by bricks falling from a chimney hit by lightning. Mills and shops and the Tim Bobbin inn were flooded. [9] Place Bolton: Some inconvenience was caused by the flooding of cellars and low buildings . the water was from 2 or 3 inches to as many feet in several parts of the town but the severity here was nothing like in other parts of Lancashire. [10] Place Littleborough: along the road to Todmorden houses and mills were flooded in great numbers. Two canal bridges were swept away. Water flowed like a river through the railway Summit Tunnel causing great damage to mills in the neighbourhood of Walsden Station. The mill at Walmsley at the bottoms was flooded. The River Dar broke downs its embankment on the Burnley Road opposite the police office and flooded 50 to 60 the neighbouring houses and the National School to a depth of one to two yards. [11] Place Stockport: The thunderstorm lasted 2 hours. The town was completely flooded and the river rose higher than for many years. Great damage has been done to factories which have stopped working. Some damage has been done elsewhere by the bursting of sewers. [12] Near one hundred houses in Cobden and Salford were flooded. [13] The Manchester Courier gives further details of mills flooded and notes that they may well be out of action for some time causing loss of livelihood for workers. The River Medlock rose several feet higher than in 1851 when the Holmfirth reservoir burst.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms over North, East and West of England

    Source: Manchester Times 22 Aug; Manchester courier 22 Aug

  99. 1858-05-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Darwen: There was flooding of a few cellar dwellings

    Rainfall: Sequence of thunderstorms

    Source: Bolton chronicle 22 May

  100. 1858-06-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: A thunderstorm with hail caused flooding of houses when the drains could not take the water off.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 5 Jun

  101. 1858-06-15 Lancashire

    [1] Glossop vale: Rain was accompanied by hail and large pieces of ice. At Hayfield the river rose one yard within an hour sapping the foundations of many cottages. [2] Place Hayfield: The mountain torrent devastated trees fences and crops. In the town a weir was upturned and the huge stones hurled down the chasm. A printworks and neet Mill suffered severely. Five houses three stories high were washed down and the whole of the back walls fell. The inmates escaped. [3] Place Saddleworth: a man was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms but little rain usually but much damage from lightning.

    Source: Bolton chronicle 19 Jun; Lancaster Gaz 26 Jun

  102. 1859-06-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Southport: the streets were completely flooded in some places to 6 inches deep and residents had to be taken to their homes in carts.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Preston Chronicle 11 Jun

  103. 1859-06-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Rain flooded the streets. Several houses in Broughton and the lower parts of Manchester were flooded. [2] [Storms were also reported in London and the Potteries with deaths by lightning]

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Times 2 Jul

  104. 1858-07-18 Lancashire

    [1] Place Radcliffe: Hail and rain completely flooded the streets. A horse was killed by lightning

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Bury times 24 Jul

  105. 1859-07-16 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Rain was accompanied by hail and pieces of ice and a strong wind. The storm lasted only half an hour. Roads were flooded in Cheetham Hill and Higher Broughton. [2] Swinton and Worsley: Hailstones the size of large marbles and in some places the hailstones lay more than 2 feet deep. Every pane that was not of plate glass was broken; a pig was killed and crops destroyed. [3] Place Ashton: some windows in the Catholic chapel were broken. [4] Place Haslingden: A woman was killed by lightning. [5] Place Middleton: The main road through the town was like a river with planks and children’s carriages being carried along. A mill was flooded. [6] Place Oldham: Hail and ice were accompanied by a strong wind caused the breakage of many windows including the Town Hall, the Baptist and Unitarian Chapels and other public buildings. A mill at Lower Moor was flooded. [7] Place Warrington: Large hailstones with a strong wind caused much damage to windows both in houses and factories, including St James Church Letchford and Trinity church Sankey Street. [8] Bury and Rossendale: Houses were damaged by lightning – no mention of hail or flooding. [9] St Helens: Hail and pieces of ice weighing ½ to 1 ounce and more than an inch in diameter followed a day when temperature reached 85 F. Windows in houses conservatories and hot houses were destroyed. [10] Place Liverpool: A woman was killed by lightning at Ince. [11] Place Tranmere: A man was killed by lightning. [12] Place Neston: Showers of bolts of ice destroyed thousands of window panes. [13] Place Warrington: In less than three quarters of an hour over 50000 panes of glass were broken by hail, some of which were 4 inches in circumference. In St James church 700 panes were broken. The streets were flooded in many places.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 23 Jul; Manchester Times 23 Jul

  106. 1859-07-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: Another storm of rain and hail occurred and cellars were flooded, Mellodew’s Mill behind Church Street was so badly flooded that a hole was made in the wall to let the water escape.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Times 23 Jul

  107. 1860-06-16 Lancashire

    [1] Place Altrincham: Two horses were killed by lighting. [2] Place Stockport: Rain and hail lasted for one hour. Fields in the lower part of the region were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 23 Jun

  108. 1861-06-21 Lancashire

    [1] Disastrous flood in Saddleworth. Following heavy rain on the moors water came rapidly down the Chew valley and Upperwood Nook and filled the stream of the Broadwater. The meadows were strewn with large boulders some several tons in weight. A road surveyor said the water flowed down in breast waves a yard in height and a few minutes between each one. It had been very dark especially over the Ashway Moss towards the source of the River Chew. The soil on some parts of the moor was completely washed away. Bottomley’s mill at Greenfield was flooded. Three bridges one stone and two wooden were destroyed and many houses were flooded at Nally cottages. At one of them an old woman and two grandchildren were drowned at Clubhouse Cottages. One child was carried out the window and carried over a mile to the Royal George Mill. Others escaped through roofs. Trees were uprooted and farming implements carried away. The flood came down the hills like an avalanche, washing down the bridges and stripping trees of their bark and strewing the meadows with large stones, some several tones in weight. A surveyor said the water came down in breast waves about a yard in height and a few minutes between each. An observer said that in the hills he found a place where the soil was completely washed away and lower down stones several tons in weight were piled up like marbles. [2] The river at Greenfield rose 2 yards above its normal level and it was said to be higher than in the great flood of 1799. Nearby including Ashton no rain fell. [3] Place Stalybridge: The River tame rose to a considerable height and many places were flooded in Stalybridge and Dukinfield People were injured by lightning and houses were damaged.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm – rain continued for upwards of an hour

    Source: Manchester Courier 22; 29 Jun; Manchester Times 29 Jun

  109. 1861-06-23 Lancashire

    [1] Place Stalybridge: A severe thunderstorm caused the River Tame which runs through Stalybridge to rise to a considerable height. Many places were flooded in Stalybridge and Duckinfield. One girl was killed and several people were severely injured by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Times 29 Jun

  110. 1861-07-07 Lancashire

    [1] A man was killed by lightning in Staffordshire. [2] Place Bolton: A horse was killed by lightning and a man injured. [3] Place Crawshawbooth: Heavy rain caused a considerable flood. [4] Place Rawensthall: Rain and hail caused a number of houses to be flooded. [5] Place Whitworth: The storm mainly over Whitworth Rake rusjed across the road at the Dog and Partridge Inn and flooded Capstick’s beerhouse. The free church schoolroom was flooded with water and covered with debris. A mill was set alight by lightning.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms in England

    Source: Manchester Courier 13 Jul; Rochdale Observer 13 Jul

  111. 1861-07-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: A thunderstorm occurred over Darwen causing flooding of streets

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 27 Jul

  112. 1862-05-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: The storm came from the southwest and the rain was accompanied by a high wind. Drains soon became flooded. The River Irwell and other streams rose several feet. The Mersey overflowed its banks and flooded meadows. [2] Place Burnley: The rivers Calder and Brun were both much swollen especially the latter which overflowed its banks and flooded streets and houses. In Water Street the flood left so much debris that 15 tons was carried away by scavengers. [3] Place Stalybridge: the river rose to as great a height as in the disaster at Greenfield in 1861; a few cellars in Caroline Street were again flooded. The rain descended with great violence along the valley of the Tame and on the high lands in the parish of Saddleworth. The water overflowed the banks and created extensive lakes. The weir at Wright Mill was carried away and several other mills along the Tame were affected. An extensive mill at Bottoms was flooded. Several houses near the canal bridge were also flooded. Although the level was the same as in June 1861 the damage was not so great as there was much less debris – trees bridges etc.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm after a period of oppressive heat

    Source: Manchester Courier 10 May; Burnley Advertiser 10 May; Ashton Weekly rep 10 May

  113. 1862-08-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Darwen: Many persons were flooded in their dwellings. A cow was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Preston chronicle 20 Aug

  114. 1862-09-02 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bacup: Another flood! Yorkshire Street, Bridge Street and St James’s Street were all flooded ‘as might be expected’.

    Rainfall: thunderstorm

    Source: Rochdale Observer 6 Sep

  115. 1863-07-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: Water flowed down the streets and in Drake Street a wheelbarrow was carried away! No damage was done in Rochdale but much damage was done in adjoining towns.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Rochdale Observer 11 Jul

  116. 1863-08-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Heavy rain was occurred but with no flooding reported. [2] [Severe thunderstorms occurred in the southeast of England]

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 29 Aug

  117. 1864-05-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: The storm lasted a considerable time and completely flooded the streets. Buildings were damaged by lightning but there was no reference to flooding of property.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Preston chronicle 21 May

  118. 1864-05-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: A woman was struck and killed by lightning on the Cheshire side of the Mersey and various damages were caused to buildings but there was no reference to flooding.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Leigh Chronicle 28 May

  119. 1865-05-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: Streets were flooded and flood overran grates so that cellars were half flooded and goods spoiled especially on principal streets where water was up to 2 yards deep (in cellars). Fishergate railway station was flooded and water rose to the fireboxes of engines. After the rain came hail the size of marbles. Much glass was broken both in the town and the surrounding areas by hail. In some places the hail was fully an inch in diameter. Some were more like icicles than ordinary hailstones. There was considerable damage to goods in Friargate and in Water Street furniture was floating about. Many shopkeepers in Church Street had goods damaged or destroyed. Liverpool Mercury lists seven mills that were damaged either by egress through the roof or from below. A boy was killed by lightning at Longton and houses were seriously flooded in the same village. There were many reports of lightning killing animals and striking houses. The rain flooded Avenham Park including some schools [2] Place Liverpool: Severe lightning effects on buildings but no flooding reported. [3] Place Blackburn: A barn was burnt down after being struck with lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 23 May; Manchester Times 27 May; Liverpool Mercury 25 May

  120. 1865-07-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ashton: The storm and heavy rain lasted one hour; much debris of earth and stones was washed from Hough Hill and houses shops and cellars were filled with mud. The greatest damage was done on the Castle Hill. On Hough Hill the water made chasms 5 feet deep. A councillor’s house at Spring bank was flooded. The water flowed down Walmsley, Kay, Kenworthy and Vandrey Streets filling houses and cellars and also in Grosvenor street and Square where virtually every cellar was flooded. At Castle Hill the water flooded houses in High Street with water rushing in the front and out the back.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Ashton Reporter

  121. 1865-08-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: an immense fall of rain caused great damage to property. Cellars were suddenly filled including those of hotels and several shops were flooded in Bank Hey Street

    Rainfall: Waterspout! – but unaccompanied by thunder

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 19 Aug

  122. 1866-06-05 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy rain was generally welcomed due to previous dry weather. There is no reference to flooding.

    Rainfall: thunderstorm

    Source: Bury times 9 Jun

  123. 1866-09-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Rain with hail quickly flooded the streets as well as the entrance to shops. The hailstones were of unusual size. [2] [Severe flooding occurred in the London area]

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 6 Sep

  124. 1866-11-15 Lancashire

    [1] Very high rainfall but principally in S Yorks and Lancs [2] Major flood on the Ribble and all its tributaries and also on all the adjoining catchments on both sides of the Pennines including the Lune, Aire, Calder (Yorks), Mersey. [3] The flood of 1866 caused the most serious and widespread flooding throughout the Ribble catchment over the last 200 years, affecting both upland tributaries and the main river as far as Preston, where there were serious consequences even within the tidal reach. This was in spite of the fact that the tide was one of the lowest of the month. Local newspapers provided a detailed description of the effects of the flood including major flooded property and the depth or extent at certain locations. Exceptional flooding also occurred on the Lune and on the Aire and Calder in Yorkshire. [4] It has not been possible in this review to assess the discharge associated with this flood, but it is possible that information on flooded locations or depths may be able to be used for this purpose. Although many buildings and even streets have been demolished since 1866, it is likely that discharge can be assessed from the peak water level at some existing sites which have remained unchanged. [5] Of particular interest is the boat house at Samlesbury where flood stones from earlier eighteenth century floods (1771 and 1775) were recorded and compared with the flood of 1866. This is in the reach where detailed hydraulic modelling will be carried out. If the mill still exists and the levels determined, then discharge may be readily assessed (assuming that no significant changes in the control have occurred during the period) [6] Descriptions are provided below by tributary and by reach or town. It is recognised that details may be fuller at some locations than at others depending on the source of the information. A comprehensive search was not possible in this review. [7] 1866 - Weather [8] Information on rainfall causing the flood is imprecise both in amount and duration. There is reference at Burnley to the ‘downpouring of Thursday (15th) night continuing on Friday morning’. Selected annual maximum daily rainfall totals in British Rainfall are divided between 15th and 16th. At this early stage of rainfall recording it is possible that some stations recorded on the day of measurement and some to the previous day. Several Lancashire stations recorded 1.5 to 2.0 inches on 15th, but none on the Ribble catchment. On 16th Blackburn recorded 2.10 and Stonyhurst (Preston WW) (Location ?) recorded 3.87. Halifax had 3.25 over the two days. It was reported that rain stopped Clitheroe at 15.00 and at Preston at 14.00 [9] There is no evidence of any snowmelt contribution. Temperature at Warrington from a.m. on 15th did not fall below 44oF. After the rain stopped, the temperature dropped rapidly to 24oC on 17th [10] The rain was accompanied by a SW wind from Wed 14 to Friday 16. The wind turned NE and rain ceased at 15.00 (at Clitheroe). The rain was accompanied by rapidly falling pressure until 09.00 on 16th (988.6 Mb), rising sharply to 1021.5 Mb at 09.00 on 17th. [11] On the Darwen at Blackburn the flood was reported to be at its highest at 18.30. At Preston the Ribble began to rise rapidly at 17.00, overflowed its banks at 19.00 and reached a peak at 22.30. Given cessation of rainfall at 14.00, the centre of area of rainfall was rather earlier. This suggests a lag time as great if not greater than in the recent recorded floods of smaller magnitude. [12] 1866 - Calder - Burnley [13] Both the Brun and Calder were in flood though the effects from the Brun were said to be more serious. Overflow from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal also had an effect and this was said to be the source of water which rushed down Ship Alley, flooding the street that leads to the Gasworks. On Fletcher Street, cellars on the left were flooded. Water was within a foot of the top of the doors. On Heap Alley cellars and some houses were flooded. Water poured down Manchester Road like a torrent and Pickup Delph was flooded several yards deep. [14] The River Brun flooded many properties in the vicinity of Bridge Street. The bridge arch was unable to convey the flow and water flowed over the top. The afflux at the bridge exacerbated flooding in Water Street and Cannon Court. Cannon Street was flooded on both sides. “The Brun rose up Water Street, to the right along Cannon Street and poured into Bridge Street and down to the bridge, the safety of which was doubted”. To the left of the bridge the water rushed against a wall on the left of Fleet Street. A footbridge from the Old Brewery to the Market Place was washed away. [15] The Calder covered the road on both sides of the bridge at Burnley Wood and flooded the low-lying parts of Townley Park. Many houses in Newtown were flooded at Bridge End and cellars in Cheapside, rushing through the Cross Keys Inn. At Curzon Street bridge, water entered houses on the Park side, forcing occupants to their upper stories. [16] Mills adjacent to the river were flooded. At Parsonage Mills shed, water covered the looms. Rushworth’s mill on the right of the Brun was undermined. Damage was done to Mr Barnes’ caul (?) below Cannon Street bridge. Mill weirs at Pleasant Ford were taken down and a stone bridge at Netherwood Farm was washed away. [17] 1866 - Calder - Padiham [18] The flood water washed away an embankment known as the Nook of the Hown “which had been put up many years before to prevent the lower portion of the town from being flooded which was sometimes the case previously”. However the damage was far greater after the failure of the embankment and damage greater than known by the oldest inhabitants. A great many mills and sheds were flooded. The following were listed: [19] Wm Ingham and Sons - the highest and least affected [20] Lilley Weaving shed [21] Alma Shed [22] Shed of Whittakers [23] Sherburn and Watson’s Mill [24] Britannia Mill [25] Spa Mill [26] In the shed of Mr Gregson’s (?), water was within a few inches of the height of the looms; in others about 2 feet deep. The timber yard was flooded. All the houses and shops in Burnley Road from Padiham Bridge to Gas Street were flooded with a depth from 1 to 3 feet. All the houses in Waddington Street, Tattersall Street, Sager Street, Myersclough Street and Gas Street were also flooded. The Gasworks was flooded and no gas could be made. [27] Another report noted that the Coal Tramway bridge was washed away, partly blocking Padiham Bridge and raising the upstream water level. Scores of houses shops and cellars were flooded from the bridge to the mill of J. Hindle and Co. In Thompson’s mill the water was 3 feet 4 inches deep. [28] 1866 - Calder - Whalley [29] The town was flooded to a greater extent than known by the oldest inhabitant; several dwellings were a few inches deep in water which had never been known to flood before. One house was flooded to the mantelpiece. [30] 1866 - Upper Ribble - Clitheroe [31] Flooding occurred both from the Ribble and from the Wilkin Brook. The accounts did not usually distinguish whether the flooding resulted from one or the other. The Ribble flooded Garnett and Horsfall’s new weaving shed at Low Moor. At Waddington Lane railway bridge the water rose 9 feet, stopping all traffic. [32] The Wilkin Brook flooded houses at Waterloo to a depth of 18 inches. Bracewells Mill was flooded; the water got into flues and put out the fires. Water was into houses at Taylor Fields to a depth of 4 feet. Robinsons Mill and Dewhurst’s Albion Mill were flooded. Water was held back at Wilkin Bridge; 30 yards of wall was washed down and many houses flooded to a depth of 2 to 3 feet. Victoria Mill and Salford Bridge Mill were flooded. In Salford water was in many houses to a depth of 3 feet. Houses in Water Street were flooded. Hodgson’s Mill was flooded. [33] 1866 - Hyndburn [34] A dam at Church was overtopped and failed and two houses washed away. Fortunately the occupants had been warned in advance and escaped. There was resulting damage at Dunkenhaigh and Oakenshaw. Bridges to Rippon and Barton’s Printworks were carried away and water entered the printworks. Wilkinson’s Print Works is further from the river and only the adjoining joiner’s shop was affected. Water covered the retorts at the gas works and fires were put out. Hyndburn Bridge was demolished and several houses near it flooded. Five houses at Tanpits were flooded. [35] At Great Harwood, several streets were flooded, a few wooden bridges washed away. Cottages, a few mills and workshops were flooded; Mr Noble’s mill was the greatest loser. [36] 1866 - Darwen - Darwen [37] Damage was done at Hollins’ Paper Mill and at the Logwood Mill machinery was inundated. [38] 1866 - Darwen - Blackburn [39] Damage was done along the whole route of the Blakewater from the cemetery, near which many cottages and a weaving shed were flooded. “4000 operatives at mills were forced into idleness on Friday as a result of damage done to weft and yarn”. The river overflowed its banks at Brookhouse and flooded the mills of Hornby and Co and Mr Ward. Follywell Street, Merchant Street and mill were flooded as were Mr Eastwood’s machine works. Houses in Water Street were flooded to 12 to 18 inches. Jubilee Mill was flooded and the water was into the timber yard at Darwen Street. [40] The lower part of the borough was flooded to 4 feet including the Wrangling district, embracing Harrison, Brunswick and Pearson Streets and the lower portion of King Street and streets adjoining Mr Livesey’s Mill and part of Whalley Banks. It was noted that some houses in the Wrangling are flooded to some extent twice a year, but this was far beyond previous experience. [41] The footbridge at the foot of Anvil Street was carried away. The timber yard in Harrison Street was severely affected. [42] Six or seven cotton mills were stopped - Jackson’s Phoenix mill was flooded to 2 feet; also Slater’s, Livesey’s, Sellars’ Fielding’s Higton and Sharples’ Hopwood and Co. Hornby and Co Banktop mill was also closed. [43] Low lying land in the vicinity of St Peter’s Church was flooded including the foundry of Stafford and McCallan and into cottages in adjoining streets. There was general flooding of the Wrangling district. Several mills were stopped. Pleasington valley was a considerable lake; Hogton Bottoms was a complete sea of water, flooding several cottages and workshops. [44] 1866 - Hodder [45] No information was given but this may be more the result of the absence of reports rather than the absence of flooding. [46] 1866 - Lower Ribble above Preston [47] At Ribchester some people had to be removed to safety from their cottages. [48] At Samlesbury the flood washed away the surface earth of fields. “On the boat house at Samlesbury, the height of the last two great floods, one in 1771 and the other in 1775 are marked on a stone. The flood in the latter was about 4 or 5 inches higher than in the former and about 7 inches higher than the one which occurred last Friday. But there was not the same ‘flowing space’ for the water nor the same outlet for it as now.” It was thought that 1866 was the greater flood. [49] 1866 - Ribble - Preston/Walton/Penwortham [50] All the land from the base of Fishergate Bottoms to the bottom of the embankment near Walton was a sheet of water. “The Ribble and the Darwen are one”. Several farm houses were flooded including Mr Strickland’s farmhouse and barn. [51] From Walton Bridge, the river stretches right across the meadows above and below Frenchwood to Walton Mill. The old portion of Avenham Park was filled up and rose much above the level of the lake in the park. Miller Park was similarly flooded and the fountain was out of sight. [52] Below the North Union Railway bridge, there was a sea of water with houses jutting out of it. Occupants bundled furniture upstairs and sailed off to Fishergate Hill. People in the centre of South Meadow Lane were hemmed in on all sides to a depth of 3 to 4 feet and were eventually removed in boats. The cricket ground adjoining South Meadow was flooded to 4 to 5 feet. Some houses were also flooded at the bottom of Grafton, Landerdale and Beech Streets. It overflowed the end of Ribble Place and ran in at the end of Taylor Street and flowed up towards Regatta Inn where at the peak of the flood it was running at a dept of 4 feet past his door. [53] Workmen had to abandon Strand Road and move to Fishergate Hill. The river flowed along Ribble Place, then entered Taylor Street, then branched off by a passage into Lime Street, took a straight move across the bottom of Fishergate Hill and along Strand Road. At its peak (at 10.30 pm)the water was running through Elm Street (above Lime Street).All the back premises of the Taylor Street houses were flooded to a depth of several feet. Some houses were flooded at Beech Street. At Fishergate Hill, water had risen as high as the base of Stanley Terrace. It covered the Ribble Branch Railway. Humber’s Mill at the bottom of Marsh Lane was flooded to several feet and the waggon works were also inundated. [54] The water was right up to Penwortham and from the Preston side it seemed to be swamped from beside the new church past the foot of the Oaks (Mr Cooper’s) and right on the brow leading up to the old church. Penwortham Holme was one sheet of water and the water covered the field behind right up to the wood. Gillibrand’s farmstead just below the Holmes was soon surrounded by water (as it had been on many previous occasions) and was tremendously inundated. Two small cottages opposite Swallow House were completely washed down. [55] After the flood it was reported that Strand Road had been washed quite bare and looked more like the bed of a river. Sleepers on the Ribble branch railway were washed away. An embankment between Ribble Place and Penwortham bridge had been washed down. The foundations of the Pleasure Boat Inn were exposed to the ‘very bottom’ and it was feared the house and buildings would be washed away. [56] At Walton a wall of Calvert Bros. factory was swept down and water covered the factory floor. Damage at the mill was estimated at £4000 and in the village as a whole at £20000. The Regatta Inn was surrounded [57] SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS [58] 1. A record of the major floods that have occurred on the catchment since the latter part of the eighteenth century has been provided with summary descriptions of flood extent where available. A more complete description of the flood of 1866 is given. [59] 2. Given the extent of damage and disruption in this flood it is highly probable that the associated discharge is much greater than the 100 year return period flood estimated from the data. The possibility of two further floods of similar magnitude (in 1771 and 1775) in a 250 year period gives support to the possibility that such an event occurs with an average recurrence interval of the order of 100 years, suggesting a steepening of the flood frequency distribution at higher return periods. [60] 3. The two flood stones at the Boat house in Samlesbury, if still in existence, or if there is photographic evidence of their level, might be used to assess the discharge for these three largest floods. If this is done, a parallel study of the downstream reach of channel should be carried out to assess changes in control. [61] 4. There may be sufficient information at several other sites, where the flood level has been described (in public houses, mills etc.) to assess flood discharge in individual events. [62] 5. The flood levels described for the flood of 1866 may be compared with the flood levels assessed from flood frequency and hydraulic analysis. [63] Three men were drowned in the Manchester area. Along the course of the River Medlock the following places were flooded; a coachbuilder near Ardwick bridge, houses in Tipping St, Tennant’s Chemical Works, a spinning mill at Jackson Street and an iron works, a dyeing company at Brook Street and scores of other places along the river. Inhabitants left their houses in Broughton and Strangeways where buildings had become unstable. [64] Place Ashton: Printworks in the Tame Valley were flooded as were several other mills [65] Place Stalybridge: A number of houses were flooded in Bridge Street. [66] Place Hyde: The whole stretch from abouve Brook Stair Bridge to Glasshouse Fold bridge was a sheet of water. AT Broom Stair the water rose 14 feet above its ordinary level and was within a few feet of the arch of the bridge. The water rose to within 4 feet of the Great flood of August 1799 at Gibraltar Mills. [67] Marple and Compstall: Marple Bridge forge weir was reduced to a wreck.Norfolk Arms and other houses were flooded. An iron bridge was carried away. One man was drowned at Duckinfield. [68] Place Stockport: Many mills were flooded, some to a depth of 7 feet. At Wellington Bridge the water was about 14 feet above its usual level. [69] Place Wigan: Large numbers of houses were flooded [70] Place Warrington: Water rose to a height not known for 30 to 40 years and was within a yard of the apex of Warrington bridge. Many houses were flooded some to 3 feet deep. Haystacks, horses, sheep and pigs were ween washed past Bank Quay. All the mills and warehouses have been flooded.

    Rainfall: 15 Nov; Seathwaite 6.38”; Kendal 2.20”; High Close 2.79”; Patterdale 2.62”; Lesketh How 3.26”; No reference to thunder or rate of rise

    Source: British Rainfall; JBA Ribble Report; Manchester courier 19 Nov

  125. 1867-05-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Mossley: Rain fell in torrents for 2 hours; one house at Brookbottom was flooded to several inches. Some damage was caused to highways.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Ashton weekly reporter 1 Jun

  126. 1867-07-10 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: A thunderstorm occurred in Saddleworth and extended over the eastern portion of Oldham. A girl was killed by lightning. Several animals were killed and buildings were struck. The main damage was caused by flooding and many cellars were flooded including those at Bottom o’ th’ Moor. The main sewer was unable to carry off the water. At Royton 2 ½ inches fell in an hour and a half but at the western end of the town scarcely any rain fell. At the western end of the town scarcely any rain fell. [2] Place Manchester: the River Medlock had risen 7 or 8 feet overnight and rose with unexampled suddenness. The body of a woman was found in the river next morning. Phillips Park cemetery was flooded to 4 or 5 feet and coffins were floating about. The inquest concluded she had been washed out of a grave. [3] Accrington (11th) Thunderstorm with hail and a man was struck and seriously injured. [4] Great Harwood: Houses in low lying places were flooded. A cow and a horse were killed by lightning. The storm was very localised.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm and early part of the day was extremely hot. At Royton 2 ½ inches rain fell in an hour and a half.

    Source: Manchester Courier 12 Jul; Preston chronicle 13 Jul; Blackburn Standard 17 Jul

  127. 1867-07-13 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bolton: The storm lasted about 1 ½ hours and in a very short time the River Croal roase several feet and many cellars and other low lying places were flooded in some cases to several feet. A hayrick was ignited by lightning. At Farnworth the railway was flooded with the rails several inches under water.

    Rainfall: thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Times 20 Jul

  128. 1867-08-19 Lancashire

    [1] A great thunderstorm at night; River Hipper flooded higher than for 20 years; trees swept away and people removed from upper stories in boats in Shipley Street; Claycross tunnel flooded trains delayed 5 hours. On 20th at Duffield near Derby 2 hour thunderstorm with 2.34”

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  129. 1867-09-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ashton: Severe thunderstorm but only damage to crops reported. [2] Place Stalybridge: Grates were choked by earth washed down from the higher portions of the town and several cellars were flooded. [3] Houses were struck and damaged at Duckinfield and Hyde [4] Place Oldham: A man was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Ashton Reporter 7 Sep

  130. 1868-05-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Dale Street near the top of North john street was flooded as were Whitechapel and many other streets in the lower part of the town. In the cellars in Compton House in church Street the water rose to a height of 5 feet from backed up sewers.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with hail

    Source: Liverpool Daily Post 20 May

  131. 1869-06-27 Lancashire

    [1] Place Chorley: In a very few minutes the streets and roads were under water and several cellar dwellings were completely swamped – and this in the higher portion of the town. The cellars of the Leigh Arms and the Queens Hotel were flooded. In the lower part of the town houses were flooded to such a depth that it was feared it might reach the bedrooms. Ballast on the railway was washed away for about a mile

    Rainfall: Storm lasted about 1 ½ hours but with limited thunder and confined to an area 4 miles in circumference.

    Source: Bolton Evg News 29 Jun

  132. 1869-10-01 Lancashire

    [1] Liverpool Cellars in all parts of the city were flooded. [2] Place Bootle: A large sewer burst and flooded the neighbourhood.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 2 Oct

  133. 1869-10-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Chorley: In a very short time the Market Street was rendered almost impassable and the water found its way into tradesmen’s cellars

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Bolton Evg news 4 Oct

  134. 1870-06-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bolton: The thunderstorm lasted nearly 2 hours. The main sewer near the river in Bridge Street burst washing a great quantity of earth and bricks into the river. The River Croal rose 3 feet and a number of low lying houses in the area known as Twenty Steps were flooded to a depth of 4 to 5 feet. A slaughter house in the vicinity was flooded. The cellars of several shops in Blackburn Road were also flooded to a depth of nearly 5 feet. The cellars of the Waggon Inn were also flooded.

    Rainfall: Storm followed a drought and high temperatures 80F

    Source: BR; Yorkshire Post 18 Jun

  135. 1870-07-09 Lancashire

    [1] BR notes Remarkable floods described at Todmorden and Bacup (Upper Calder) and also at Dent. BR gives 6 ½ pages of description contained in BR Todmorden flood file. (Note also a report in Met Mag 5 p 105 by Sedgewick). Note the very circumscribed area of the storm with perfectly fine weather prevailing all around the storm area. The rain at Todmorden and Bacup occurred between 14.00 and 15.00. there was a sudden rise in water level at Todmorden soon after which in a few minutes overflowed its banks and left the lower part of the town completely under water with one house destroyed and a woman swept away and water swept through many mills destroying looms etc. The Calder through Burnley rose 4 feet above its ordinary level in an incredibly short time [2] Reference was made to a similar flood in Bacup on 9 August 1849. [3] A serious thunderstorm, accompanied with an extraordinary fall of rain occurred in the neighbourhood of Lancaster and Morecambe. But the most serious visitation was in the eastern section of the county, between Haslingden and Burnley. Between Townley and Portsmouth the adjoining fields were about two yards deep with water, and nearly every house in the immediate district was flooded. The valley from Portsmouth to Todmorden was inundated, and it is feared that a bridge belonging to the line below the latter station will fall. The line was blocked in several places, and the traffic was suspended for several hours. Many of the small villages in East Lancashire were flooded, and it is feared that much damage has been done in some of them. [4] Heavy rainfall occurred on Flower Scar, a moor which separates Bacup from Todmorden. [5] Place Burnley: A storm passed over with unremitting force, for upwards of two hours. The river Calder, which passes through Burnley, was very much swollen, and rose in an incredibly short time, something like four feet above its ordinary level. The streets in several parts of the town presented the appearance of an unbroken stream. Men, women, and children could be seen wading through the water knee jeep, whilst here and there were to be seen floating on the water stray pieces of furniture. In Fletcher-street, and near the cattle market, were to be seen many cart loads of furniture, which had been hastily recovered from the houses, indiscriminately heaped up, whilst in Cannon-street, and in Wapping, almost every cellar was flooded, and in many instances the houses also. Large quantities of newly-mown hay were either washed away or completely spoiled by the wind and rain. In Manchester Road many tons of the macadam were washed towards the lower parts of the town, and a number of carts were engaged for a good many hours in clearing the streets. The Cross Keys public house, in Newtown, the landlord of which has just recovered from the Burnley Corporation a sum of money for damage sustained in a recent storm, was very considerably damaged, whilst the streets thereabouts were many inches deep in water. [6] Place Portsmouth: About three miles from Burnley, the line was blocked up for a considerable time by sediment washed from the hills, the water on some parts of the line covering the steps of the carriages. [7] Place Accrington: Considering the violent nature of the storm, the damage done is inconsiderable, chiefly arising from the flooding of some of the cellars in the lower parts of the town. [8] Place Bacup: Several persons concur in saying that waterspouts, similar to what are sometimes seen in tropical latitudes, were at one time distinctly visible. The storm raged for about an hour and a half, and, with but few exceptions, flooded all the streets of the town. Most of the mills are built along the banks of the river Irwell, in some instances over the river, and all of them have sustained more or less damage. At Vale Mill, the flood swept down one of the walls of the weaving shed, burst the arch for a distance of several yards, and, in a few minutes, and for several hours afterwards, a perfect torrent of water was dashing through the middle of the building. Several of the looms also fell into the river. At Nut Mill the damage is of a similar character, but on a more extended scale. At this place a large wall in the middle of the weaving shed has been washed down, and the roof has also partially fallen in. Here the water entered the weaving shed and destroyed a large quantity of weft and cloth. At Albion Mill the flood entered the weaving shed, and soon all the looms were completely covered. Aitkin’s mill premises in Burnley Road, has been completely destroyed, a large portion of the roof being carried down the river for a distance of several hundred yards. The flood also entered the weaving room of Shepherd’s mill, in the same street, and completely covered the looms. Irwell Mill, belonging to the Rossendale Industrial Company, Limited, is a total wreck. The flood entered the weaving sheds at both Spring Holme and Throstle Mill, belonging to Messrs. John Mander and Son, Newchurch-road, and also at the India and New Hey Mills, belonging to Mr. Edward Hoyle. The damage done to house and other property is on a scale of the most frightful magnitude. At one time, in St. James' Street, the water was rushing along at a fearful pace to the depth of 5 feet 9 inches, bearing along on its bosom every conceivable kind of merchandise and of household goods. As an instance of the force of the flood, we may mention that a railway lorry, heavily laden with cloth, and without horses, was carried a distance of 100 yards as though it had been a boat. So suddenly did the flood come that the occupants of the different shops and houses had scarcely time to close their doors, much less to attempt to save any of their property, but were glad to escape to the upper rooms of their premises. Many tradesmen had everything, even until it came to their weights and scales, swept out of their shops, and some, it is feared, will be completely ruined. The Bacup Co-operative Store have lost the whole of their stock in the gutta-percha department. In numerous instances houses have been stripped of the whole of their furniture. Notwithstanding the heavy loss of property that the flood has caused, it is satisfactory to learn that not a single life has been sacrificed, but we have heard of several narrow escapes. Had the flood occurred in the night time, the loss of life would have been something terrible to contemplate. An almost similarly destructive flood visited Bacup on the 9th of August, 1849. [9] Place Clitheroe: the storm lasted for 2 ½ hours. A barn was set alight by lightning. There was no reference to flooding. [10] Thunderstorms affected upper Calder and Darwen in the vicinity of Accrington, Burnley; also Todmorden and Bacup. At Burnley, the River Calder rose 2 to 3 yards in height following scarcely an hour’s rainfall and overflowed its embankment. Water did most damage in that part of St James Street known as Cheapside. Water ran 4 feet deep through Cross Keys public house and shops and houses adjacent and across the road were flooded in some cases to a yard and a half deep. Low Lane was flooded and houses stood 2 feet deep in water. Manchester Road (unmacadamised) ploughed up. In Fletcher Street furniture was recovered from flooded houses. In Cannon Street and Wapping almost every cellar was flooded and in many instances the houses also.

    Rainfall: Severe thunderstorm

    Source: BR; JBA Ribble Report; Manchester Times 16 Jul; Archer and Fowler (2015)

  136. 1870-07-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Stalybridge: Rain quickly flooded the lower portion of the town finding its way into cellars. The Eagle Inn near Stamford street county bridge was flooded to a depth of more than a foot. Several houses in Vaudrey Street were flooded to a depth of 1 foot 3 inches. Some grocer’s cellars were also flooded. [2] Place Tintwistle: Two horses were killed by lightning. Many houses in the village were flooded

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following oppressive heat.; Hail and rain for upwards of 1 hour.

    Source: Ashton Reporter 30 Jul

  137. 1871-03-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: a thunderstorm was reported but no reference was made to flooding. [2] Place Preston: The lower parts of the town were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm for an hour and a half

    Source: Manchester Evg news 27 Mar

  138. 1871-06-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ashton: The sewers were inadequate in Turner Lane and flooding occurred. Water came down in torrents from Hurst. Furniture was floating in rooms and residents retreated upstairs. In Winton and ? almost every house was flooded to several inches and a warehouse was also flooded. The footway under the railway was some feet deep in water. The Ashton Mechanics Institute was set alight by lightning. [2] Place Wigan: A woman was killed by lightning and three cows were killed. The ground was covered with hailstones to a depth of 1 inch and growing crops were damaged. [3] Atherton and Tyldsley: The storm lasted 3 hours with rain mixed with hail and the water rushed down the streets as though a reservoir had burst. Scores of houses were inundated. Bridgefoot Cotton Mill was set alight. Mills were flooded and serious damage done. Low lying houses especially in the Bag Lane area were flooded up to their window sills. Water rushed in the windows of Hindsford Foundry. Scores of houses were flooded in Chowbent. A mill in Bedford Leigh was also damaged although there was little rain there.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Ashton Reporter 24 Jun; Manchester Times 24 Jun

  139. 1871-07-09 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ashton: Anglers were struck by lightning and lost their rods. [2] Clitheroe : A cow was killed and a house damaged by lightning. [3] Place Blackburn: Streets were flooded and Blakewater was enormously swollen.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Times 15 Jul

  140. 1871-08-18 Lancashire

    [1] [Thunderstorms were widespread in northern England in most cases with serious fatalities and damage from lightning but little rain or flooding] [2] Nothing in Manchester papers

    Rainfall: Kendal 3.05” in 3 hrs; Burton 1.45” in 45 mins 2.30 to 3.15

    Source: BR; Westmorland Gaz 26 Aug

  141. 1872-06-18 Lancashire

    [1] [Widespread thunderstorms with deaths from lightning and flooding occurred in England, notably at Manchester, Oldham, Birmingham and Yorkshire. More thunderstorms occurred on 24th especially Staffordshire. [2] Place Manchester: Thunderstorm lasting from 6 pm to midnight. Lightning damage to a mill at Gaythorn was reported. A child was killed by lightning at Weaste. [3] Goyt valley: On 19th the Goyt was 12 to 14 feet above its normal level. At Whaley Bridge houses near the river were completely flooded and people were taken into the chapel and inns. At New Mills where the Goyt is joined by the Kinder, two blocks of a paper works were washed away. Two stone weirs were washed away and two bridges. At Waterside Disley a cotton mill was badly damaged. At Strines a stone bridge was partly washed away. A gasometer was lifted from its basin and tossed on the river bank. At Marple several houses were flooded. The Pineapple Inn was damaged by lightning. At Romiley a stone bridge was washed away. A bridge near Taxal church was destroyed. At Chapel en le Frith a severe landslide occurred onto the Midland Railway and a train was wrecked when it hit the debris. [4] Place Burnley: Low lying districts were flooded but there is no reference to houses. [5] Place Bury: Rain was accompanied by large hailstones, several streets were flooded and the barn brook overflowed. The Star Inn Freetown was struck and seriously damaged. Other houses and mills were also struck. [6] Oldham and Rochdale: Damage was noe by lightning but no flooding was reported. [7] A child was drowned in mid Cheshire when a house in Winsford was deeply flooded. [8] Place Northwich: A large part of the town was under water. The High Street was flooded to a depth of 3 to 4 feet with some occupants rescued by boat. The Rivers Dane and Weaver overflowed. The court room was flooded within 30 minutes of first observation and trials continued for a time with participants standing on forms and chairs before it was adjourned; the water was 3 to 4 feet deep. [9] Place Macclesfield: a woman and child were drowned when the river Bollin overflowed. Two reservoirs burst in the vicinity

    Rainfall: Newton Nurseries (17th) 0.95 in 35 m; Macclesfield Thunderstorm lasting nearly 12 hours; rain for 10 hours, in which the (here) unprecedented fall of 4.27 was registered; serious damage by floods in the town and district.; Casterton, Kirkby Lonsdale. Hot, dark morning, at 9 a.m., temp. 75°, with a gentle S.S.W. wind, which gradually veered to W.; by 11.15 a.m. the clouds in the west portended a storm, which came on at 11.37; it followed the course of the Fells, which have a northerly direction, and so great was the downpour of hail and rain that in 18 min. there fell 1.34 in. being at the rate of 1 yard deep in 8 hours, or 4 ½ in. in an hour; temp, fell from 79° to 65°, and the hailstones were more than half-an-inch in diameter.

    Source: Westmoreland Gazette 22 Jun; Manchester times 22 Jun; BR

  142. 1872-06-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ormskirk: The railway was completely inundated and paved footpaths around the town were washed up. Several buildings were struck by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: York Herald 29 Jun

  143. 1872-07-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Macclesfield: the thunderstorm was of short duration but intense. In the Bollin the water was said to have risen 5 feet in 3 minutes. Many sewers in the street burst and many houses were flooded. Mills were flooded and a house was struck by lightning and left in ruins.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester times 13 Jul

  144. 1872-07-10 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Newton Nurseries 1.20 in 1 h 30 m

    Source: BR

  145. 1872-07-13 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: the River Medlock overflowed its banks to an extent which eclipsed all former floods including the one in 1866. The districts bordering the Medlock, which flows through Manchester from Phillips Park to Knott Mill, has been quite laid under water and affected some of the most populous parts of the city. The districts affected include Bradford, Beswick, Ancoats, Fairfield Street, London road, Brook Street, Charles Street, Oxford Road and on through Gaythorn. The Medlock at its peak was 21 feet above its normal level. Many streets were impassable for six hours including the London road which is the main artery with depths from 2 to 5 feet. Hundreds of houses were flooded with water rising in some to the bedrooms. At 12.00 the Medlock was only 3 or 4 feet above its normal level but by 3.30 it was 20 feet above it ordinary level at London Road bridge. The cemetery at Phillips park was flooded and bodies washed out of graves. [Manchester Times has several columns of detailed description of the flood] [2] Fallowfield and Withington: A reservoir burst at Gorton and flooded houses in Fallowfield to a depth of 3 to 4 feet. A 17-year old boy was drowned attempting to retrieve a table from the flood. [3] Stretford and Sale: The countryside between these locations was under water with great damage to crops and hay. At Throstle nest Weir the Irwell was within 15 inches of the flood of 1866; the Manchester Raceground was flooded. [4] Place Salford: The Irwell was 13 feet above its ordinary level and 6 feet three inches below the level of the 1866 flood. Cellars and works around Broughton were flooded but the effects were not as severe here as elsewhere. [5] Eccles and Patricroft: Large portions of Liverpool were laid under water. Gildabrook burst its culvert and adjacent houses were flooded. At Bencliffe Mill the river was 14 feet above its normal level. [6] Blackley and Crumpsall: A dam burst, a stone bridge and a weir were washed away. Many mills were flooded and nearby a young man was drowned attempting to retrieve timber from the river. [7] Place Middleton: Ten cotton mills were flooded and extensive dyeworks in Tonge and Rhodes were closed due to flooding and 2000 employees laid off. An iron bridge over the Irk was carried away as well as four wooden bridges.150 cottages were flooded at Little Park. [8] Place Stalybridge: The river rose rapidly to nearly fill the arch of the stone bridge at Stamford Street. A wooden bridge gave way when a man and horse were crossing. The man was rescued some distance downstream but the horse was drowned. [9] Ashton under Lyme: Water rose to 4 feet depth in three major mills and a brewery was also flooded. A bridge under construction was carried away. Factories and a brewery were flooded at Bardsley. A man was drowned when the bank on which he was standing gave way. [10] Place Stockport: the Mersey rose to within 6 inches of the mark from the flood of 16 Nov 1866. The volume of the Tame was not so great as in 1866 but the Goyt was as high as in 1866. The lower storeys of the mills on the Mersey below the Goyt and Tame confluence were flooded. Twelve works are named in MT. [11] Place Bolton: A reservoir burst and damaged the downstream mill. Mills at Charnley were flooded. Many cottages were flooded. [12] Place Bury: Flooding was caused by a thunderstorm. A dam at Tottington burst and the water flowed down Tottington Brook, a tributary of the Irwell. Four mills were seriously damaged and in one the weavers had to climb on top of their looms to safety. Four or five wooden bridges were washed away. A mill chimney was damaged by lightning and nearly a score of houses was struck. [13] Place Oldham: Werneth Railway station was flooded and the water rushed out of the station towards Middleton Junction carrying away part of the embankment. Lees Hall Mill was badly flooded to a depth of 13 feet. Mills and houses were flooded at Cow Hill Chadderton. A bleaching works was carried away and in one mill employees escaped through skylights. All the cellars of dwellings and workshops in Mumps were flooded to 5 to 6 feet. Parr of the wall of St Mary’s Churchyard was washed away and some human bones were carried off. [14] Place Bacup: The town and the whole of the forest of Rossendale experienced a thunderstorm with hailstones. The Burnley Road was like a river for about two hours. Several mills were flooded. In Greavesfold and Tong nearly all the houses were flooded and debris to a depth of one yard had accumulated. The streets with the most damage were St James Street, Bridge St, Weir Terrace, South St, Irwell St and Burnley road. Several cattle were killed by lightning. [15] Place Saddleworth: the River Tame washed away Pingle Mill bridge above Delph and many houses were flooded in Delph and an iron bridge washed away. Several mill dams burst causing much damage to mills. At Upper Mill the water overflowed the main road bridge and the water passed down the main road and flooded all the houses to a depth of several feet. At Halls below Upper Mills a bridge was washed away and a drunk man was drowned there attempting to cross [16] Place Mossley: the river was said to be at its highest ever known. Two bridges near Greenfield were swept away and the stone bridge near Roaches was damaged. The Winterworth Bridge, two bridges at Scout and the Black Rock bridge were all swept away. From Greenfield to Scout the river and the canal were joined and the canal bank destroyed at Scout making a chasm 20 yards wide and 8 yards deep. Many mills were deeply flooded. [17] Place Leigh: Vast tracts of land were covered but in Leigh itself effects were limited but in neighbouring villages serious flooding occurred. At Low Side Lowton a number of cottages were flooded. The village of Bury Lane was almost completely submerged [18] Place Wigan: the river Douglas which flows through the town overflowed its banks, many houses were flooded and bridges impassable. Works along the river were flooded. A child was drowned at Adlington. Pigs and pigstys were washed away.

    Rainfall: Rain almost incessant during the past week but for two days a continuous downpour.; Only in Bury and Bacup was a thunderstorm mentioned but this was the day before the continuous rain which caused damage elsewhere.; Caton (12th) 0.84 in 30 m

    Source: Manchester Times 20 Jul; BR

  146. 1872-07-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: no damage reported [2] Place Liverpool: Heavy rain so that drains were inadequate to carry the flow and streets converted to rivers. Steep streets such as Parliament Street, Hardman Street and the streets running from Everton Hill were covered from side to side, furrowing the macadam. Flow accumulated in the lower levels of the town where sewers were broken and tenements flooded. Along the line of the Old Pool from the Custom House to Paradise Street and northwards to Byrom Street scarcely a house escaped. Shops in Basnett Street and Hanover Street were flooded. Cellars of various newspaper offices were flooded. The spire of St Barnabas church in Parliament Street was struck and part fell through the roof into the church. The Police Station at Brunswick Dock was flooded through water coming up from the sewer (although it stands 3 feet above street level). Sand and gravel covered the dock railway. Quays to each side of Queen’s and Coburg Docks were flooded to a depth of 2 feet with great loss to stored goods. Various public house cellars were flooded. Along Waterloo road New Quay and adjoining thoroughfares the water was 2 feet deep. [3] Place Birkenhead: Low lying streets were flooded. The streets in Tranmere Park and those on the western side of Happy Valley poured torrents into Happy Valley Road which was flooded in several places with damage to parapets etc. A house was struck and seriously damaged by lightning. At Woodside Ferry the water running down the inclines of Hamilton Street, Chester Street and Church Street converged towards the ferry station and flooded offices. A large wall in Argyll street between Theatre Royal and Stewart’s barbers was washed away and the water poured though the gap. Much damage was done to hay and other crops in the Wirral. [4] Place Ormskirk: The storm lasted for 5 hours with hailstones as large as marbled during part of the storm. Property was flooded at Lathom and a number of houses were flooded at Bursclough with furniture washed about. Flooding occurred from the overflow of the River Tawd and the River Alt. In Skelmersdale some roads were flooded to a depth of several feet. [5] Place Burnley: A mill was struck by lightning and several houses in the lower part of the town were flooded. [6] Place Preston: The town experience a severe thunderstorm for about four hours. The main effects were from lightning with several animals killed and several houses struck. [7] Place Blackpool: Two men were killed by lightning. [8] Place Blackburn: Many low-lying streets had the appearance of rivers. Duke Street Mill and a weaving shed at Little Peel were flooded and work had to stop. Walkden’s paper mill, Brookhouse was flooded to a depth of 6 inches, as was Livesey’s mill in King Street as were all the houses in the neighbourhood. The cellars of the Duke of York Inn were full of water. Similar conditions were experienced at Sharples,at Nova Scotia and in Addison Street and Penny Street. Also affected were Ribchester, Whalley, Rishton, Balderstone and Withnell with the storm lasting about an hour and a half. [9] BR 1872 notes a waterspout burst upon the mountains above Garstang [10] BR in 1919 notes: Mr. W. Shaw, of Caton, to whom we are indebted for some particulars, adds an interesting note relative to a remarkable storm on 26th July, 1872, which has hitherto apparently escaped notice in British Rainfall. On that occasion the reputed rainfall measured in Escowbeck Gardens, Caton, is given as 2 ¼ in. in little more than half an hour. The rain gauge in use was unfortunately of the now obsolete pattern of float gauge fitted with a fixed measuring rod projecting from the funnel. The exposed portion of the rod undoubtedly acts as a collecting surface, and the precision of the reading was thus vitiated, so that we cannot accept the record as authentic, but even allowing for the error introduced by this means, the phenomenon is of sufficient importance to be put on record. On the occasion in question all the bridges over the Artle Beck and Bull Beck were washed away, and a child carried from the road into the torrent was drowned. [11] [Storms were also reported at London, Derby, Leicester, Hampshire, Kidderminster, Crewe, Dudley (a man killed by lightning), Wolverhampton and Leamington]

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms – 2 in Manchester travelling north to south

    Source: Manchester Times; BR 1919

  147. 1872-08-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Accrington: A few dwellings were flooded and the rain ploughed furrows in roadways. A barn struck by lightning was destroyed. [2] Elsewhere in Lancashire the effects were mainly from lightning. [3] Place Werneth: A cloudburst filled the valleys on each side of The Lows, a range of hills running to Mottram. In Lycham Lane the houses on each side were filled. Large stones were carried about in all directions and much damage was done in Werneth and Gee Cross towards Hyde Lane, Hyde. Hail covered the top of the Lows to a depth of 6 inches. Houses were flooded at Compstall; the market place was flooded and the schoolroom underneath the Athanaeum was filled with water to a yard deep.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms reported in Manchester, Burnley, Accrington, Bolton, Werneth; Broughton in furness 0.51 in 20 m

    Source: Manchester times 10 Aug; BR

  148. 1872-09-04 Lancashire

    [1] Manchester and Salford: The cellars of many warehouses and dwellings were flooded including warehouses in Market Street. The lower storey of Salford Town Hall was flooded. A house was struck and damaged by lightning. [2] Place Bury: The lightning was exceptional for just over one hour but no flooding was reported. [3] Place Bolton: the thunderstorm lasted two hours. A man was killed by lightning. Several houses in different parts of Bolton were flooded mainly due to defective drainage. [4] Place Bury: Two separate thunderstorms passed over the town. Houses and a mill were struck by lightning and damaged. A few streets were flooded and in two houses it burst open the doors and entered to a depth of 2 feet. A man was drowned trying to reach home through flooded water.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Manchester times 7 Sep

  149. 1872-09-28 Lancashire

    [1] Northwest Lancashire: All the low lands have been flooded and great damage done to crops. The Ribble overflowed its banks. The Miller park at Preston was flooded and adjacent houses were affected. The Lostock overflowed its banks at Croston and land was inundated at Rufford and Penwortham. Damage was also done by the wind.

    Rainfall: Widespread heavy rain (not a thunderstorm)

    Source: Yorkshire Post 30 Sep

  150. 1872-10-02 Lancashire

    [1] Various rivers in the North including the north Riding and The River Kent when it was said that residents couldn’t remember when the river had been so swollen. However, no property or roads were reported flooded.

    Rainfall: Not a thunderstorm

    Source: Westmorland Gazette 5 Oct

  151. 1873-06-03 Lancashire

    [1] [ reference to storm in Manchester where streets were flooded to several feet]

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Westmoreland Gazette 7 Jun

  152. 1873-06-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bacup: The River Irwell rose to a considerable height in a short time indicating heavier rainfall at Dirplay than at Bacup. At Dirplay and Weir the rainfall was equal to that in 9 July 1870. At Weir Terrace several houses were flooded and the water made holed half a yard epp in the turnpike road

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Burnley Advertiser 5 Jul

  153. 1873-07-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Whalley: there was a severe flood from a mountain called Whalley Nabs which brought down large quantities of earth and stones. A very large ash tree next to Whalley Abbey was struck and destroyed.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Burnley Advertiser 19 Jul

  154. 1873-07-22 Lancashire

    [1] A dozen people were reported at various places to have died of sunstroke. [2] Place Blackburn: A man severely injured by lightning [3] Place Liverpool: Cellars and streets were flooded in the lower parts of the town. Several buildings were damaged by lightning. [4] Place Chorley: Streets were flooded. Several houses were struck by lightning. A cow was killed. [5] Place Preston: the storm came from the northwest and was accompanied by a violent wind [6] Place Bolton: Two boys were killed by lightning whilst kite flying – before the rain had commenced. Rain was accompanied by hailstones of enormous size. The streets in the lowlying part of the town were flooded and the River Croat rose 3 feet in half an hour. [7] Thunderstorms were reported in various other towns around Lancashire but little if any flooding. [8] BR notes: Slight thunderstorm in central England; but in the north and west, especially between Preston and Lancaster, a series of the most terrific storms experienced for many years.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm raged for several hours.; Excessive heat with 89F in the shade reported.

    Source: Westmorland Gazette 26 Jul & 9 Aug; Lancaster Gazette 26 Jul; Burnley Advertiser 26 Jul; BR

  155. 1873-08-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: Rain fell heavily for two hours accompanied by very large hailstones. Various houses and mill chimneys were struck by lightning and damaged. There was no reference to flooding. [2] Place Lancaster: Several houses in Stonewell were flooded to a considerable extent following half an hour of heavy rain. Buildings were struck by lightning. [3] Place Bury: Some of the lower parts of the town were flooded [4] Place Manchester: A storm was also reported but without serious effects.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Westmorland Gazette 30 Aug; Preston Chronicle 30 Aug

  156. 1874-07-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: Great damage was done to property on the east side of the town and also in lower places where many of the houses were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Times 25 Jul

  157. 1874-09-02 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy rainfall was reported in Manchester, Bolton and Rochdale. A house was struck by lightning in Bolton. In Rochdale several streets were like shallow rivers but no flooding of property was reported there or elsewhere.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 3 sep

  158. 1874-10-06 Lancashire

    [1] Widespread heavy rainfall on west of England and Wales with totals generally > 3” in the Lake District.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: British Rainfall; Met.l Magazine, vol. ix., p. 162

  159. 1875-07-01 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Broughton in Furness 0.80 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  160. 1875-07-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: The main description was of flooded fields and damage to crops. The Ribble was very high but no houses were reported flooded. [2] Place Settle: The Ribble rose to an unusual height and overflowed its banks for 30 miles covering growing grain and mowing grass. The Hodder and Calder were also high causing great devastation. [3] Place Blackburn: The River Blakewater was higher than for many years and in low-lying parts houses were much flooded. [4] Place Accrington: The River Hyndburn overflowed and flooded mills in Accrington and Church. Several houses in church were flooded with furniture floating. [5] Manchester and Salford: Cellars in the vicinity of the River Irwell were flooded to an average of 18 inches.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Preston Chronicle 24 Jul

  161. 1875-08-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Severe thunderstorm for half an hour. A house was struck and set alight. The Irwell rose rapidly but not sufficient to cause damage. [2] St Helens: Many cellars were completely deluged. Two houses were struck by lightning but no one injured. [3] Place Manchester: A house was set on fire by lightning but there was no reference to flooding. [4] Place Blackburn: In the low lying parts the mills and houses were flooded. The Hodder, Calder and Ribble overflowed.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Manchester Times 14 Aug; Lancaster Gaz 14 Aug

  162. 1875-08-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: the storm lasted 2 hours. The Medlock and Irwell were considerably swollen. Damage was done to houses by the lightning and limited flood damage was reported. [2] Place Middleton: cellar dwelling in the lower parts of Middleton and Tonge were flooded several feet deep. The River Irk was swollen that fears were entertained for the safety of the bridges. [3] Place Heywood: Low lying parts of the town were flooded. Damage was done by lightning to a school. [4] Place Rochdale: Sewers were unable to carry off the water and houses were flooded to a considerable depth in the lower parts of the town notably in Drake Street where a sewer was under construction. A man was killed by lightning in Thornham.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Rochdale 2.25 in 3 h

    Source: Manchester Times 14 Aug

  163. 1875-09-02 Lancashire

    [1] Very general high rainfall on the east of Pennines from S Wales to Argyll. [2] 2 Sep 1875 [3] No reference to thunderstorms

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Westmorland Gazette 4 Sep

  164. 1875-09-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: The church in Heswell was struck and the organist and page turner were killed (whilst he was playing the Magnificat). A farm was struck and set alight and two cows were killed. [2] Place Blackpool: Lightning during the storm caused damage to buildings and killed a cow. [3] Place Manchester: A storm was reported but without damage or flooding. [4] Storms were reported by BS throughout Lancashire but without flood impact.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Broughton in Furness 0.75 in 10 m; Frodsham 2.00 in 2 h 30 m

    Source: Manchester Times 25 Sep; Blackburn Standard 25 Sep

  165. 1876-06-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Streets in every part of the town were flooded but no reports of flooding to property. [2] Place Blackburn: A woman was killed by lightning and her husband badly injured.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Preceding temperature 85F in the shade; Macclesfield 1.10 in 55 m

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 22 Jun

  166. 1876-09-23 Lancashire

    [1] Place Middleton: At Middleton Junction at an open space near Firwood Mills a child narrowly escaped drowning from a sudden rush of water. A house was struck and damaged and a tree splintered. [2] Place Heywood: A number of new houses in Hopwood were struck and partly destroyed. A mill was struck and damaged. The low lying ground was flooded and the mill and gasworks were flooded extinguishing the fires.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 25 Sep

  167. 1877-07-14 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy and persistent rainfall in the Calder and Darwen valleys with generally 2.5 to 3 inches in the area from Darwen to Preston. At Preston water encroached many feet on the slopes of Avenham but no significant damage done there and none was located within the Ribble catchment. However there were reports of flooding on the Irwell and Medlock, the Croal at Bolton, the Douglas at Wigan, the Irk and Mersey. [2] Lower Broughton: With the observed rising of the Irwell inhabitants of Lower Broughton took action to protect their possessions. This was justified as the river first overflowed at the suspension bridge whilst it had already backed up through the drains and flooded many houses. Cellars in Lower Broughton road were full to the ceiling. The water flowed down Clarence street towards Great Clowes Street and along Sussex Street and Cumberland Street. All these streets were impassable for several hours. The open space between Earl Street and Lower Brughton road was covere to a depth of over one foot and Grosvenor Square resembled a lake. The Bridge Inn opposite the suspension bridge had its lower rooms flooded to 2 feet as well as its cellars and the same circumstances prevail at scores of other locations. It is said to be the worst since ‘the great flood’ (Date?) The water swept over the footbridge at the bottom of Springfield Lane. All the works along the bank are flooded with the water rushing through the windows. The Springfield land bridge was damaged by a large floating tank. Some 30 sheep were drowned. The Medlock was swollen to a considerable extent. An engineer noted that if a sewer scheme under construction had been completed the flooding would not have occurred in Lower Broughton. [3] Place Bolton: It was one of the most severe floods ever remembered. The River Croal flooded many mills, dwellings and fields. The railway near Lady Bridge was submerged. At Eagley a cotton mill was flooded to 3 feet. Mills were also flooded at Longworth and Belmont. A man was drowned in crossing a wooden bridge which gave way. [4] Place Blackburn: Three men were drowned at Witton Blackburn in the swollen River Darwen. [5] Place Barton: the River Irwell rose to its highest level since 1872 [6] Place Chorley: Some thunder was reported during the persistent rain. The railway at Horwich Junction was flooded to two feet. The cellars of Lancaster’s brewery were flooded to a depth of 3 feet. [7] Place Leigh: A score of houses were flooded at Pennington, Westleigh and Bury Lane. [8] Place Liverpool: thunder was also reported but little damage was done by flooding. [9] Place Middleton: The water flooded several houses in Irk Street from the overflow of the River Irk. Several mills had to stop work and a footbridge at Little Green was washed away. [10] Place Preston: Two thunderstorms passed over the town from the southwest on 15th. In the Fylde the River Wyre overflowed and caused much flooding of crops especially potatoes in Sowerby, Nuteby, Inskip and around Garstang. [11] Place Northwich: due to the overflow of the Weaver which rose 6 or 7 feet above its normal level. It rose to a depth of 18 inches in the High Street. About 20 shops were affected as well as the Crown and Anchor Hotel. [12] Place Southport: The Lancashire and Yorkshire railway has suffered severely with rails and sleepers washed away at Newburgh. Cattle pigs and fowl have been carried away. [13] Place Wigan: the River Douglas overflowed and submerged an immense track of country. Seven mills were flooded and 7000 hands are temporarily idle. Many mills and houses are flooded and cattle horses and timber have been washed away. [14] Place Carrington: A man was drowned when he slipped into the River Mersey when the bank gave way.

    Rainfall: The violent storms of the last few days culminated in a drenching downpour on 15th. More than 4 inches in 48 hours.; Salford rainfall 14th 1.88”; 15th 2.30”; No reference to thunder except at Chorley, Preston and Liverpool.; Rochdale Drake St 0.83 in 20 m

    Source: JBA Ribble report; Manchester courier 17 Jul

  168. 1877-08-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Middleton: The river Irk overflowed its banks in many places. A seven year old boy fell into the river at Old Road Middleton and was drowned. [2] Place Rochdale: A mill chimney was struck by lightning and the top 20 yards fell off into the works in Drake Street. [3] Thunderstorms were reported at Blackburn, Preston, Wigan and Ormskirk with some effect of lightning but no reports of flooding. [4] Place Preston: the River Ribble rose at a rate of 18 inches per hour from 6 until 9pm and the promenades and parks were flooded. At seven places between Leyland and Preston the road was impassable. Much land is flooded especially affecting the potato crop. [5] Place Liverpool: The storm caused the sewers to be flooded and pools gathered in the streets and sand accumulated in some places to a depth of several inches. [6] Place Ormskirk: Two houses were struck and damaged by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms; Rochdale Drake St 0.50 in 30 m

    Source: Manchester Courier 25 Aug

  169. 1877-09-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: the River Ribble was said to be at its highest since the great flood of 1868. The water reached the foot of Frenchwood. Walks at Miller and Avenham Parks were submerged. Cellars in Ribble Place and Broadgate were flooded. In cottam the roads are 5 or 6 feet under water. A man was drowned in the Ribble at clitheroe.

    Rainfall: Preston 1.23 inches rain; No reference to thunder.

    Source: Leeds mercury 17 sep

  170. 1878-05-18 Lancashire

    [1] Place Chorley: the principal streets and low lying parts of the town were flooded to a depth of one to 2 feet and many tradesmen’s cellars were flooded to a depth of 2 to 3 feet. [2] Place Accrington: Many parts of the town suffered flooding and shopkeepers suffered damage. Houses in Church Street were flooded knee deep. There was some damage to buildings from lightning. [3] Place Liverpool: Two horses, in different places, were struck and killed. The streets of Bootle were completely flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms; Over Darwen 0.68 in 15 m

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 25 May; BR

  171. 1878-06-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: The water flowed in streams through the streets several inches deep. Houses were flooded in Lower church Street, Stonewell and Rosemary Lane. Even in the higher parts of the town water got into the cellars in some cases to a depth of 2 to 3 feet. [2] Place Morecambe: A house was struck and damaged by the only lightning strike on the town. [3] Place Liverpool: A waterspout was seen travelling from the Mersey to the northeast of the town. No other effects ere noted.

    Rainfall: A raingauge on the Greaves registered 1 ½ inches in 24 hours.

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 15 Jun

  172. 1878-06-17 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Broughton Hall 1.08 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  173. 1878-07-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: The thunderstorm lasted nearly an hour but the rain continued for some time afterwards. In several low lying districts the cellars were flooded and caused considerable damage to commercial goods stored there, notably in Byrom Street, Scotland Place and Lord Street, including the Morning Star Hotel. Cellars were also flooded in Waterloo Road and Bath Street, Athol street and Regent road and Vauxhall Road and Whitechapel. Sewer manhole covers at Queen’s Dock Gate were forced up.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Allerton Liverpool 0.53 in 1 h

    Source: Manchester courier 27 Jul

  174. 1878-08-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Warrington: A man was killed when struck by lightning at Stockton Heath. A horse was also killed. The storm caused considerable damage by the flooding of streets. [2] Place Blackpool: The storm lasted about an hour and caused flooding of shops and cellars. A boundary wall at Bailey’s Hotel, 90 feet in length and 8 feet high, was thrown down by the force of the water. One man was reported killed by lightning. The Palatine hotel was flooded as was the neighbouring bazaar. [3] Place Prescot: Streets were soon flooded and houses in Warrington Road were flooded to several inches. ‘It is many years since the town has experienced so heavy a storm’. [4] Place Blackburn: Rainfall lasted for several hours following a thunderstorm. The Calder, Hodder and Ribble were all flooded and crops on the bank damaged or destroyed. The Blakewater was flooded and many mills stopped. [5] Place Burnley: A young boy was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms; Blackburn witton 1.39 in 45 m

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 10 Aug

  175. 1878-08-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Eccles: Heavy rain quickly flooded the cellars and street of the district. Houses were struck by lightning and damaged. [2] Place Stockport: Streets were flooded through the choking of sewers and homes in low lying districts were flooded by the rush of water.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 26 Aug

  176. 1878-09-18 Lancashire

    [1] [The strong wind was widespread and caused damage at Morecambe, Blackpool and Hull] [2] Place Burnley: A severe storm with high winds caused the rivers to rise and many houses were flooded and one shop destroyed. [3] Blackpool and Liverpool: Damage was caused to coastal properties by the high wind.

    Rainfall: No thunder noted.

    Source: Westmorland Gazette 21 Sep; Burnley Express 21 Sep

  177. 1878-09-08 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Buglawton 0.63 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  178. 1879-06-08 Lancashire

    [1] [Thunderstorms also reported at Lancaster, Carlisle, Bradford, N Staffs, Monmouth and N Scotland] [2] Place Chorley: Two cows and sheep were killed by lightning, a building was struck and people inside were injured. [3] Place Garstang: A thunderstorm occurred but no flooding was reported. [4] Place Lancaster: Slight damage to a building was reported due to lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Westmorland Gazette 14 Jun

  179. 1879-06-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Buildings were damaged by lightning. [2] Place Skelmersdale: A row of houses was struck by lightning and all were more or less damaged; chimneys were demolished, windows broken and roofs partially carried away. [3] Place Lancaster: Some flooding occurred in low lying parts of the town but no flooding of property was reported.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Burnley gazette 14 Jun; Preston chronicle 14 Jun

  180. 1879-08-16 Lancashire

    [1] Place Oldham: Several cottages and mills are flooded. On the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway waters accumulated on the line to a depth of several feet extinguishing the engine fires.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm ?; Prolonged rainfall

    Source: Blackburn Standard 23 Aug

  181. 1879-09-07 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Torver Rectory 0.27 in 10 m

    Source: BR

  182. 1880-07-13 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Large quantities of water collected in the streets due to the inadequacy of the drains. In Albert Place and a building was knocked into the river by a lightning strike and three people killed by the rubble and several other injured. [2] Lower Broughton: A waterspout in Lowcock street carried a pool of water to a considerable height and several houses were seriously damaged. Roofs were carried off by the wind. Many cellars were flooded here as well as in parts of Manchester and Salford in some cases to 4 feet deep causing much damage. [3] Place Liverpool: rain was mixed with hail. One house was struck and damaged by lightning. [4] Place Prescot: Severe storm lasted over one hour. The cellars in many houses were flooded. The pavement in several streets was completely washed up owing to the rush of the water. [5] St Helen’s: Low lying streets were flooded and one street off Liverpool road had 4 feet of water around the houses. Cellras were flooded in every direction to a depth of 2 to 3 feet. The Windy Harbour Inn was struck and set alight. [6] Place Blackburn: the streets in the south side of the town were flooded and flooding of houses ensued. A boy was seriously injured by lightning. The Blakewater, Ribble, Hodder and Calder were all flooded causing damage to crops. [7] Place Oldham: Two mills were set on fire by lightning. [8] Place Bury: several streets were flooded. [9] Place Heywood: Several buildings were struck by lightning

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley Gaz 17 Jul; Liverpool Mercury 14 Jul

  183. 1880-07-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: Some streets in the lower part of the town were flooded causing much discomfort to residents. Two horses were killed by lighting at Yealand. [2] Place Oldham: Floods caused damage at Derker, Walshaw and Soho Mills, injuring the stock. [3] Place Greenacre: Houses were flooded at Greenacre. [4] Place Accrington: A woman dropped dead from fright during the storm. [5] Place Eccles: the storm did a great deal of damage to property. Rain fell heavily and sewers were unable to take the water and streets were flooded knee deep. Cellars were flooded from the blocking up of the River Irwell (?). A congregational church at Patricroft was stuck and damaged. [6] Place Liverpool: A man was killed by lightning in Park Road. The belfry of St Philemon’s church was knocked down and several houses struck. [7] Place Bolton: Several animals were killed by lightning and several houses struck and damaged. [8] [Six railway bridges were washed away in North Wales on the line between Bala and Dolgelly]

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 21 Jul; Manchester courier 19 Jul

  184. 1880-07-23 Lancashire

    [1] Place Accrington: Storm lasted one hour and a public house was set alight. [2] Syston Junction of Leeds Manchester Railway: A viaduct was damaged by a rush of water in the brook below and a disaster narrowly averted.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms throughout Lancashire and Yorkshire

    Source: Burnley express 23 Jul

  185. 1880-08-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Leigh: The road to Westleigh and Golborne became impassable and the Railway Inn and a number of houses were flooded.

    Rainfall: Widespread heavy and incessant rain; no reference to thunder

    Source: Lancaster gaz 11 Aug

  186. 1880-11-13 Lancashire

    [1] The Lune and Ribble were much flooded

    Rainfall: Elterwater Woodlands 3.28”; Seathwaite 4.75”; High Close 3.15”; No reference to thunderstorms.

    Source: BR; Westmorland Gazette 20 Nov

  187. 1881-06-30 Lancashire

    [1] [Widespread thunderstorms were reported from London, Liverpool, Wales and Cornwall]

    Rainfall: Elterwater Woodlands 2.65”; Hawkshead 3.04”; Wythburn 3.50”; Stapleton 3.62”; Ambleside 2.79”; Ambleside Lesketh Howe 2.93”; Thunderstorm for upwards of three hours.

    Source: BR; Westmorland gazette 9 Jul (Not sure whether the date should be 5 Jul)

  188. 1881-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Rain flooded the streets and flooded cellars in low lying districts to a depth of several feet. In Byrom Street, Whitechapel and paradise Street kitchens were also flooded. [2] Place Manchester: Streets in the lower parts of the town were flooded and many cellars were inundated. [3] Place Salford: The cellars of many houses were flooded from a few inches to three feet. Public buildings including the Town Hall were struck by lightning. [4] Place Accrington: The streets were flooded from the flow from the steep hills which surround the town. Market Place and Church Street appeared like a large lake and all the adjacent shops were flooded. A large stream of water came down Plantation Mill Road and flooded the houses in several streets. In Cunliffe’s Mill water came to the top of the looms [5] Place Preston: it was said to be the worst thunderstorm in Preston for 16 years. Three weaving sheds are flooded. A boy was killed by lightning at Croston Station. A horse was also killed nearby. [6] Place Bury: Rain flooded the streets, the market place and the island near Bury Bridge. A mill struck by lightning sank bodily into the river (at the time unoccupied). Three other mills were flooded from the overflow of the Irwell. A horse was washed away by the sudden rising of the water. A sewer at the corner of Crow Lane and Bridge Street burst with a sudden rush of water flooding houses. Cottages were flooded at Summerseat. At Tottington the bridge over the Brookhouse Mill Brook was swept away. The brook overflowed and flooded four cottages to the second storey. [7] Place Blackburn: The railway line between Entwhistle and Over Darwen is seriously damaged, sweeping away a great portion of the embankment at Spring Vale. The earth was washed away a yard underneath the rails. The water in some houses in Spring Vale was a yard deep and inmates escaped by ladder through a window. [8] Place Burnley: the storm continued for two hours. The greatest damage is from the river Brun which runs through the lower part of the town; houses mills and workshops along the bank for a mile have all been flooded some to a depth of 6 feet. Some years ago the bed of the river was paved and in the flood these stones were lifted up and created an embankment which has diverted the water into houses etc. The old brewery was flooded and barrels carried down river. All the houses just off Bridge Street and several in that street were flooded, many of them to the height of the doorway. The bridge was unable to take the water and all along the embankment the wall is swept away. A dead horse was seen floating. A litter of pigs was washed away. BG notes that the flood rose two feet higher than the great flood in 1866. In 1871 the Calder (rather than the Brun) was most affected; this time it was the Brun and the Calder was not extraordinary. [9] Nelson and Padiham: Similar scenes to Burnley were seen. Several bridges were swept away. A cow and a calf were killed by lightning at Meuclough. The Brun flooded adjoining streets six feet deep. [10] Place Haslingden: Lightning struck a row of houses at Baxenden, completely demolishing them. At Acre Mill water flooded the warehouse and also Cloughend Mill and Brittannia Mill. Victoria Mill was four feet under water. [11] Place Heywood: The River Roach is flooded and Roach Mills have had to stop because of flooding. [12] Place Darwen: The chimney at Two gates mill was struck and partly demolished.A great number of houses and shops in the lower part of town have been flooded. A landslide occurred on the railway at near Entwhistle at Sough Tunnel. The embankment near Carr How has been washed away and houses flooded. [13] Place Bacup: The storm lasted eight hours. An immense amount of damage has been done to shops and houses from the flood waters. The streets are covered by rubbish washed down from the neighbouring hills. Three people are known to have drowned. The River Irwell overflowed and burst down boundary walls and many streets in the town were 2 to 3 yards deep. Two bridges were swept away. Many mills are flooded. [14] Place Clitheroe: The storm raged from half past eight to midnight. Hundreds of houses were flooded to 2 to 3 feet. Stone walls were knocked down and huge trees were prostrated. [15] Place Warrington: Hailstones of great size fell at the beginning of the storm. Sewers were choked and cellars were flooded. [16] Place Leigh: Brooks overflowed and a mill was flooded. Houses were struck by lightning. [17] Place Sabden: the water came down Pendle Hill in torrents and swept through the village of a depth above a yard. Two men attempting to cross the street were carried away and one was carried downstream a mile and a half and drowned. Cobden Mill was both struck by lightning and collapsed and flooded. The road through the village has been rendered impassable. [18] Place Higham: One shop and several houses were flooded. [19] Barrowford, Barley and Roughlee: The flood carried away 8 bridges, did serious damage to at least 5 mills, took away numerous weirs and in more than one place lowered the bed by 9 feet (Roughlee). At Barrowford nearly all the cottages in the village were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms following oppressive heat with temperature up to 82.5F

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 6 Jul; Manchester courier 7 Jul; Burnley Gazette 9 Jul

  189. 1881-07-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bacup: A storm of wind hail and rain occurred in the Rossenden Valley. Torrents came down from the surrounding hills. Several hotels and dwellings were flooded and residents were alarmed that another severe flood was approaching but the rain stopped after about one hour. [2] Place Manchester: A thunderstorm was also reported but without damage.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 30 Jul

  190. 1881-07-31 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ashton: Heavy rain for one hour. The low lying streets were flooded. Gravel and earth were swept away and deposited on grids causing ponding. At the lower end of Coch Brook the water accumulated to 2 feet depth. The cellar of the Sycamore inn was flooded; the Horse and Jockey Inn was also flooded. The River tame suddenly rose to an abnormal height and three pigs were seen being carried along. [2] Place Preston: Streets were flooded and the gratings blocked up; low lying parts of the town were seriously inundated. Most of the paths in the parks are damaged with channels being scooped out to a depth of up to 18 inches. Both the Avenham and Miller are partially flooded caused both by surface water and the backing up from the river through the drains. The Ribble rose with alarming rapidity, aat least 7 feet in 3 hours. At the tram bridge below Avenham the water was within four feet of the roadway. Damage was done to the new Penwortham rail bridge under construction wher the coffer dam was overtopped and filled. [3] Chapel en le Frith: Very severe rain at Goyt’s clough causing serious damage at the Ferniles Gunpowder factory.A footbridge was washed away and another near Taxal Church. ‘The water came with such a sudden rush that it rolled down the river course like on huge wave’. A bleach works at Whaley Bridge was also flooded. [4] Place Middleton: Considerable damage was done in low lying parts of the town. A boy was washed into the brook at Slack’s Valley and drowned. Another had a narrow escape having been rescued 100 yards downstream. [5] Place Clitheroe: the Ribble was said to be higher than in the previous thunderstorm. Much damage was done at Waddington where the brook running through the village was blocked with debris and its course was diverted and caused much flooding. The Sun Inn was flooded and great holes gouged in the road nearby. A number of houses behind the Buck Inn were flooded. At Bolton-by-Bowland the Skirden brook overflowed and flooded the temperance hotel and adjoining houses

    Rainfall: Heavy rain but thunder only heard after the downpour.; Macclesfield Park Green 0.52 in 30 m; Congleton Buglawton 1.01 in 45 m

    Source: Manchester courier 2 Aug; Blackburn standard 6 Aug; BR

  191. 1881-08-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: The River Irwell rose rapidly during the afternoon to 11 feet above its ordinary level and just short of flooding at Lower Broughton. A body was carried down by the river.

    Rainfall: Heavy continuous rain

    Source: Manchester Courier 26 Aug

  192. 1881-08-29 Lancashire

    [1] Place Sefton: flat land in the area was covered to a depth of several feet all the way to Ormskirk along the River Alt. [2] Place Accrington: Considerable loss was sustained at Oswaldthistle where Brookside Mill was flooded. [3] Place Darwen: the Sough Tunnel was again flooded and ballast washed from the line; the embankment was also washed away at Spring Vale station and trains between Darwen and Bolton had to be diverted. Damage was done to cottages in Carr Row. [4] Place Blackpool: Streets were several inches deep in water which cut ruts in some roads. [5] Place Blackburn: The Rivers Blakewater and Darwen were much swollen and a woman was drowned trying to cross a flooded bridge; she was clinging to a wall when the wall collapsed. [6] Place Ormskirk: At Aughton several families were driven from their homes. Several animals were drowned at Altcar. Two people were killed [It doesn’t say whether drowned or hit by lightning]. [7] North Lancs: Hundreds of acres of farmland are under water including at Inskip, Sowerby and the whole of Myerscough Hall Farm.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm after prolonged heavy rain

    Source: Manchester courier 31 Aug

  193. 1882-07-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: A girl was killed by lightning. [2] Place Patricroft: Liverpool Road was flooded to a depth of 2 feet. Cellars of shops were flooded several feet.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following oppressive heat of variable duration within short distances

    Source: Manchester Courier 8 Jul

  194. 1882-07-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Wheat Sheaf hotel in High Street was struck by lightning causing the three storey building to collapse. [2] [Heavy rain with large hail occurred in Staffordshire and Cheshire] [3] Place Accrington: The sewers proved inadequate to take the water and cellars were flooded and also the highway between Accrington and Church.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 10 Jul

  195. 1882-07-15 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Macclesfield 0.33 in 40 m

    Source: BR

  196. 1883-06-25 Lancashire

    [1] Storm also occurred at Kirkby Stephen and Appleby (See Eden chronology) and also at Cambridge, Warwickshire, Leicester and Clyde. [2] Place Widnes: Rain fell mixed with hail and the streets were soon flooded and many shops and houses were soon inundated in some instances to a depth of four feet. Waste land at Anderson’s corner where St Pauls Church is being constructed was submerged. The police court and offices were nearly surrounded by water and in Witt Road and Moor Lane large lakes have formed.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Woodland Rectory 1.95 in 1 h 5 m; Highfield Northwich 1.19 in 2 h

    Source: Westmorland Gazette Jun 30; Lancaster Gaz 27 Jun; BR

  197. 1883-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: At Laneshaw Bridge the storm lasted 2 hours. In a short time the river bed which had been almost dry was amass of seething waters, the flood coming down in a breast 18 inches high carrying before it parts of hedges, gates and trees in quick succession. Two men were injured by lightning and several animals killed.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley express 7 Jul

  198. 1884-06-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Chorley: Rain was accompanied by hail. In a few minutes the streets were flooded, the sewers being inadequate. Streets were impassable and tradesmen in Market Street suffered damage to stock in their basements and ground floors. [2] Warrington, Wigan: Storms were reported with houses damaged by lightning but no flooding reported.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 14 Jun

  199. 1884-07-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: A child was struck and killed whilst in bed. Holy trinity church was struck and damaged.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 12 Jul

  200. 1884-07-09 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: Houses and shops in Stonewell and Church Street were flooded, the water backing up the latter for some distance. Cellars were also flooded in high lying districts such as Ullswater Road on 8 Jul. But the storm was far more severe the following day. Water bubble up from sewers adding to the flood in Stonewell as high up as Lower church Street and Little John Street and as far along Rosemary Lane as St John’s Church, being 3 feet deep in the deepest part of the street. Houses and shops alongside were flooded equally. Two cottages in Rosemary Lane had water to a depth of 3 feet 8 inches. The houses in White Horse yard were flooded. In the Crooked Billet Yard in Lower Church Street, cellars of houses were flooded, an event never known in the past. In chapel Street, Damside Street, North Road cellars were flooded in consequence of the water backing up. Even in Common garden Street and Penny Street thought to be out of reach of flooding, cellars were also flooded. The top of Moor Lane bridge at the junction with St peter’s Road was almost impassable for pedestrians, the grates being blocked by debris. In Ullswater road the water reached completely across the Street from the Freeholders Arms to the Post Office and several inches deep in houses. At the Britannia Inn the casks floated off the gantry. The Workhouse Green and the upper part of Park Road are deeply furrowed. Some low lying cottages at the end of West Road were flooded to a depth of 2 feet. The Boy’s National School was flooded both on 8th and 9th. Four lambs were struck and killed by lightning. [2] Place Oldham: At Royton nearby, two men were killed by lightning and 2 others injured. [3] Place Preston: A mill was set alight by lightning but extinguished. [4] Thunderstorms were also reported in Blackburn and Accrington but without damage reported. [5] Br notes that at Lancaster, at the top of East-road, adjoining the workhouse grounds, a considerable portion of a wall was washed down by the pressure of water at the back ; and stones were hurled with great force a long distance down the road. [6] Two men were killed and three injured by lightning at Royton near Oldham.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm preceded by several weeks of high temperatures; Lancaster nearly 3 inches on 8th and 9th.

    Source: Lancaster Gazette 12 Jul; BR

  201. 1884-07-13 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: Several parts of the town were again flooded notably in Stonewell, Lower church Street and Rosemary Lane affecting houses and businesses. Similar conditions applied in Cable Street, Ullswater Road and the Bowerham Estate. At the foot of Rydal Road the water spouted up through the pavement a couple of feet high. A horse and sheep were killed by lightning. [2] Place Fleetwood: A barn was struck and its contents destroyed.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm. The early part of the storm was accompanied by hail and a hurricane wind.; Broughton 1.75 in 1 h

    Source: Lancaster Gazette 19 Jul; BR

  202. 1884-08-10 Lancashire

    [1] Rossenden Valley: At Waterfoot a thunderstorm resulted in much loss of property, extending from the source of the River Irwell to Haslingden and Accrington Moors. The Irwell rose several feet in 20 minutes. For a quarter hour there was a fall of ice in fragments globular conical and square varying from 3 inches long to an inch in thickness. The damage has been caused to property over two miles. Rows of houses, churches and mills have had windows broken, many every square. Widows facing south are riddled as if shot. Hothouses, skylights of mills and fruitworks are all demolished. Roadways are washed up with furrows in some cases several feet deep. Mills and cellars were flooded. By far the most serious damage was in the Cowpe Valley from a small rivulet that rises in The Craggs. Numerous dye and printing works are in the valley and their connected ‘water lodges’ overflowed and flooded the works causing much damage. A stone bridge was swept away and the main road to Cowpe was washed up with 15 tons of pavement having been carried to the bottom of the road. [2] Place Burnley: Severe storm with 2 killed by lightning and others injured. Hailstones fell thickly at Sabden. There was no reference to flooding. [3] Place Darwen: a man was killed by lightning [4] Place Ashton-under-Lyne: Houses were struck by lightning and also flooded. An inch and a half rainfall fell in 45 minutes. Hailstones the size of beans were mingled with the rain. A warehouse was inundated and partly wrecked. Tw chimney stacks were demolished. [5] Place Manchester: A 9-year old boy was killed by lightning. [6] Place Stockport: A man was killed by lightning. [7] Place Bury: the streets were flooded and the theatre and a school were struck by lightning. [8] Place Oldham: the streets were flooded and a mill was struck by lightning and suffered fire damage. [9] BR reports HAILSTORM AND FLOOD IN N.W. DERBYSHIRE AND S.E. LANCASHIRE. [10] At Charlesworth, and Chisworth, two villages between Glossop and Marple, E and H fell literally in torrents. After the storm had continued for about half-an-hour, water streamed down the hillsides in vast sheets, washing down walls, and ploughing up the roads to such an extent that locomotion was next to impossible. Stones of immense size were hurled from their places, and lodged in the ruts made by the water, and here and there, sand and rubble blocked the way. The road leading from Moorside Farm was in this way practically destroyed. At Simmondley the water flooded the houses to the depth of several feet. A party caught in the storm took shelter under a wall, but the water rose so quickly that they mounted the wall, but only to be removed as the force of the water washed away the foundation and brought down a portion of the wall. [11] Much damage was done at Mr. Brown's bleach works at Armhill. It is estimated that it will take about £100 to cover the damages. At Chisworth damage estimated at about £500, was done by the water gaining access to Mr. James Eowbottom's mill, at Hole House. The Kinder Lee Mills also sustained injury. The gardens of Mr. Thomas Booth, which had been presenting a most charming appearance, were in one half hour changed to a complete ruin. Hundreds of valuable plants were swept away or buried. The sewers on theroads had speedily become choked by the flood, and all efforts were unavailing to release the rapidly accumulating water, or dam up the narrow entrance to the premises. Soon the water burst through the temporary barrier, and an impetuous torrent a yard deep, rushed down the gulley with a loud roar, sweeping all before it in its headlong course to the narrow gorge leading to the Etherow. At Chew the water rushed down the highway from the direction of Alma Pit, where it washed away a large quantity of coal, and completely tore up the road and a portion of the footpath. Mr. Kowbottom's property stands in a hollow near the roadside, consequently the whole weight of the water swept with terrific force against it. In front of the houses and near the mill a pond stands, and after the water had forced down a wall which adjoins the main- road fence, a considerable portion of it emptied itself into the reservoir, but for which, the consequences might have been serious. [12] As it was, the road leading to the houses was torn up to a depth of two or three feet, and several cartloads of sand and stones were washed in front of the buildings, which were considerably flooded. All along the road from Alma Pit to the boundary of Chisworth, portions of the macadamized road were cut up, and near Boar’s clough about four feet of the wall on the roadside was washed down, a broad chasm some 10 or 12 feet deep cut in the field below, and a [13] large quantity of wreckage strewn about the field. Considerable damage was done throughout the district. [14] ' The river Irwell rose several feet in 20 minutes.—The storm raged with great fury over Newchurch, Waterfoot, and Cowpe, and for a quarter of an hour there was a rain of ice—not hailstones, incredible as it may appear, unless hailstones can be described as fragments of ice globular, conical, and square, varying from three inches long to an inch in thickness. These large pieces were not exceptional but general, and their destructive effects were to be seen in damage caused to property over an area of two miles. 'Rows of houses, schools, churches, and mills, appeared as if they had suffered from a riot, wherein the rioters had wreaked their violence on the windows, many of which had every square broken. An idea of the extensive nature of the damage done to windows may be formed when it is stated that there were 186 squares of glass broken in the Catholic School at Newchurch. At St. Nicholas Church the windows facing the south were all riddled as if with shot, and only the stained glass windows protected with wire fencing remained intact. Nearly all the houses in this district had their windows broken, in one house there being no fewer than 76 panes. Greenhouses, and hothouses, also suffered severely, and gardens were broken up and despoiled. Furrows were ploughed in the roadways several feet deep, and mills and cellars were flooded. The damage sustained by shopkeepers and cottage property owners must amount to several hundred pounds. But by far the most serious damage was sustained in the Cowpe valley, which is about a mile and a half in extent. A small rivulet which empties itself into the Irwell has its rise in the Craggs— the name given to the extensive stone quarries worked by Mr. Thomas Brooks, High Sheriff of the County Palatine. Numerous dye works and carpet printing works are erected in the valley on the margin of the stream. The bank of the water-lodges connected with these works overflowed, and wrought terrible havoc, flooding the lower rooms and damaging a great amount of material. At one of these works alone, the damage is estimated at over £2,000. A stone bridge spanning the stream was swept away, and the main roadway leading to Cowpe washed up, about 15 tons of pavement having been carried to the bottom of the road. The damage cannot be estimated, but it must be many thousand pounds. [15] BR reports The Daily News of August 26th but the date of the flood is not specified in the news but almost certainly 8 Aug “During a thunderstorm a few days ago a singular phenomenon which is more often observed at sea than on land, was witnessed at Simmondley, a village about one mile from Glossop. Behind the village rise precipitous hills, which gird part of the hamlet in something like the shape of a horse shoe, and in the centre of this runs a deep clough. When the storm was at its height the villagers were affrighted by a terrible thunder-clap which seemed to rend the heavens. In a moment or two an immense volume of water, carrying with it large-quantities of earth and stones, rushed down the clough and flooded some of the cottages five feet deep with water. The phenomenon was described by the natives as ' the bursting of a cloud ' (literally a waterspout), and its tremendous force may be gathered from the fact that where the water rushed to the earth it made a great indentation in the hill side, sufficiently large in width and length to enclose a house. The cavity was about 12 yards long and nearly 8 feet deep.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms in England following record high temperatures – 94.2F at Greenwich (only Jul 1881 higher). Sunstroke fatalities

    Source: Westmorland Gazette 16 Aug; Liverpool Mercury 11 Aug.; Manchester courier 16 Aug; BR

  203. 1884-09-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Widnes: The storm was of short duration but the streets were quickly flooded. Various buildings were struck by lightning and damaged and people injured. [2] New Mills: Lightning seriously damaged St Mary’s Roman Catholic church.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester Courier 21 Sep

  204. 1885-08-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: The storm lasted half an hour. The streets were flooded and overflowed into some houses in Stonewell and White Horse Yard. Hailstones accompanied the rain.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Preston Chronicle 8 Aug

  205. 1885-09-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: the storm lasted half an hour and the streets in the centre of the town were flooded. [2] Place Eccles: Hailstones as large as marbles fell and buildings were struck by lightning. [3] Place Oldham: Several low lying cellars were flooded. Rain was accompanied by hail.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 5 Sep

  206. 1886-07-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Eccles: A man was killed by lightning. [2] Place Southport: Sewers were surcharged and streets were soon flooded, notably Lord Street which was impassable for a quarter of a mile. [3] Place Liverpool: Basements were flooded in the lower part of town. In Toxteth park a sewer burst whilst men were repairing it. One man was carried away and drowned and another died later in hospital. [4] Place Heywood: Buildings were damaged by lightning. [5] Place Colne: The lower part of the town was flooded. A farm was damaged by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Liverpool Walton on the Hill 1.03 in 15 m

    Source: Manchester Courier 22 Jul; Burnley Gaz 24 Jul

  207. 1886-07-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: Rain fell for over one hour and the streets were flooded – but with the excellent drainage the water was swiftly carried away. A house in Higher Broughton was struck and damaged by lightning. [2] Ashton under Lyne: A mill at the confluence of the Sheepwashes Brook and the River Medlock was damaged when the culvert underneath was blocked and the water accumulated in the gorge upstream from the mill eventually bursting through into the mill and causing serious damage. A mill three miles down the river Medlock at Daisy Nook a newly erected bridge was badly damaged. [3] Place Oldham: A great deal of damage was done in the area particularly at Mumps where cellars and shops were flooded and the highway rendered impassable. A signal box on the railway was washed down and trains from Royton to Oldham could not run due to debris on the line. Cellars of mills were flooded causing damage to stock and machinery. Houses in the lower part of the town were flooded to a depth of 3 to 4 feet. In the Oldham area, a violent thunderstorm occurred. For about 2 hours every rivulet and stream was charged to its fullest capacity. In 70 minutes 1.88” fell at Piethorne and 2.19” at Denshaw. Daily rainfall at some stations exceeded 3.4”

    Rainfall: Sale Brooklands 2.58 in 1 h; Milnrow Piethorne 1.88 in 1 h 10 m; Manchester Stretford 1.54 in 1 h 15 m

    Source: BR; Manchester courier 26 Jul; Manchester Times 31 Jul

  208. 1886-08-13 Lancashire

    [1] Bolton, Belmont: Rain was accompanied by enormous hailstones. The roads converge to Astley Bridge where the water rose to the height of the lamp posts and people had to be rescued from their bedroom windows. In the fairground the hobbyhorses and swings were submerged. When the flood retreated some of the houses had 2 feet of mud. At Bromley Cross Station some wagons were thrown off the line, the water rushing with great force against the engine.

    Rainfall: Manchester Stretford 1.00 in 45 m

    Source: BR; Leeds Mercury 14 Aug

  209. 1887-08-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: Said to be the most severe thunderstorm there since 1877. Rain with hail as large as marbles fell. The streets were like rivers the sewers being unable to carry the flow. Cellars in the business part of the town were flooded. Three miles inland at Staining, the dust was not washed off the hedges. [2] Place Blackburn: The storm was said to be the most severe since 5 Jul 1881. The storm lasted for half an hour but no serious damage was reported either from lightning or floods. [3] Place Bolton: A woman was killed by lightning and several others injured. Cows and other animals were killed and several houses were struck and damaged. However, the reservoirs have been replenished.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms following a severe drought; rain welcomed after mills stopped due to low rivers

    Source: Lancs Evg post 29 Aug

  210. 1887-09-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: thunderstorm but without any damage noted. [2] Place Warrington: Some of the streets were flooded and at the junction of Mersey Street with Church Street and Irlam Street there was a considerable accumulation of water which came to the front of the bridewell. Cellars were flooded in Latchford. [3] Place Southport: Lord Street, the principal thoroughfare was rendered almost impassable but no property was reported flooded.

    Rainfall: A whirlwind was reported in Manchester

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 7 Sep; BR

  211. 1888-06-09 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Macclesfield 0.78 in 30 m

    Source: BR

  212. 1888-06-13 Lancashire

    [1] Place Widnes: Hailstones as large as marbles fell and came with force against windows in some cases breaking them. The streets were flooded and sewers surcharged but there were no reports of flooding of houses. [2] Place Warrington: Buildings were damaged by lightning and people injured but there were no reports of flooding. [3] Place Runcorn: Large hail also occurred accompanying the rain. The sewer at Penketh Lane was insufficient to carry the flow and water rushed across bridge Street into Mersey Street. The Royal Hotel and Mersey Vaults were flooded. The Church of ST Michael and All Angels was struck by lightning and the roof crosses were shattered.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 14 Jun

  213. 1888-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Carnforth: Heavy rainfall for one hour. The Railway station subway was flooded to a depth of 3 to 4 feet. [2] Place Wigan: Streets were converted to rivers and large numbers of houses were flooded. The theatre was struck and damaged

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 6 Jul

  214. 1888-07-16 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Warrington High Cliffe 1.50 in 2 h; Heavy rain in Derbyshire with floods on Derwent.

    Source: BR

  215. 1888-08-24 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Chelford Astle Pk 0.63 in 7 m

    Source: BR

  216. 1888-09-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Warrington: Rain was accompanied by hail some as big as marbles breaking windows in various parts of the town. The lower parts of the town were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 8 sep

  217. 1889-05-07 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Congleton Buglawton Vic 0.43 in 25 m

    Source: BR

  218. 1889-06-02 Lancashire

    [1] Much of northern England affected by prolonged thunderstorms said to be the worst for several years. No serious damage from lightning or floods was reported at Kendal or Windermere. [2] Considerable damage was reported in the Lune Valley especially above Caton where works are in progress to convey water from Thirlmere to Manchester. [3] Place Manchester: Hail and ice accompanied rain breaking many skylights. It was noted that at the Peel Park Museum on the parapets facing south the broad gutters had an agglomeration of drifted hailstones closely packed about 6 inches thick. [4] Harpurhey and Blackley: The ground was covered with hailstones after 5 minutes. Afterwards when the sun came out the evaporation was so rapid that a cloud of steam arose. Glass was broken in plant houses and 35 crown glass panes. Some hailstones were round and somewhat flattened and measured 1 3/8 inches in diameter. The hailstones seemed to be of two kinds, either an agglomeration of small hailstones that had combined on descent or other perfectly round and composed of alternative layers of snow and ice. Three hailstones picked up at Blackley weighed quarter of a pound. [5] Place Burnley: Scores of houses were flooded. Numerous birds were killed by the fall of solid pieces of ice. A cow near Padiham was killed by lightning. [6] Place Bury: The Barnbrook speedily overflowed and the water made its way into many cellars and shops. The cellars of Barnbrook Mill were flooded to a depth of several feet causing damage to material. A sewer burst in the cemetery adjacent to the Brunswick chapel and flooded the ropeworks. The carcases of horses, pigs etc were seen floating down the River Irwell. [7] Place Preston: the Savings Bank was struck by lightning but with little damage. The Ribble rose as much as one foot in 20 minutes. [8] Place Liverpool: At Sefton Park an observer brought 68 hailstones into the house and found them to be 10 to the ounce. Although partly melted some time later, one stone had a 1 ½ inch long. [9] Place Burnley: ‘No such storm has been witnessed during the present generation’. The hailstones were as large as marbles and a few buildings and streets were flooded. [10] Place Padiham: Hailstones of unusual size fell and a large number of panes of glass in hothouses have been broken. A horse and a cow were killed by lightning and a large number of birds were found lying dead. Several low lying portions of the town have been flooded as well as some portions of Read including a warehouse. [11] Place Clitheroe: Low lying portions of the town were flooded for a short space but the damage was not severe. [12] Place Blackburn: Jagged pieces of ice half an inch square fell, causing bruises to those exposed. In many houses skylights and windows were cracked or broken. The only comparable storm was nine years ago. Lightning struck and damaged several houses. Several horses and cattle were killed by lightning. [13] Great harwood: the rain was accompanied by hailstones frequently measuring 3/3 inch in diameter and 2 ¼ inch in circumference. The windows of cotton mills suffered much damage. The inhabitants of Queen street were the worst sufferers with the cellars filled from floor to ceiling. Rooms near the Plough Inn had furniture floating about in their rooms. Water forced its way through manholes in Queen Street. Six flooded mills were named.Leaves of plants such as rhubarb and cabbage were riddled with holes. [14] Place Accrington: Hailstones were twice the size of marbles and one weighed ¾ ounce. Great damage has been done mills by flooding. Four horses in a stable had water up to their necks before they were rescued. At Woodnook Colliery the water welled up several feet and the streets were covered several feet deep. At lancaster’s ironworks 500 panes of glass were broken. Huncoat station was flooded. At Baxenden, several mills and houses were flooded and hundreds of windows were broken. Much ballast was washed from the rial line between Accrington and Haslingden. [15] Place Whalley: The streets were flooded and a swift stream flowed through the village flooding the Dog Inn and many houses on that side of the road that had to be barricaded. [16] Place Lancaster: Hailstones of unprecedented size occurred, as large as marbles. Water poured down the higher streets of town carrying vast amounts of gravel and sand and accumulated at the grids and choking them and causing large pools of water in low lying districts. In Ullswater road the cellars of some houses were flooded. In Bowerham Lane the water came down with such velocity as to dislodge curbstones and also one lamp.Much damage was done at Moor Lane Mill by the bursting of a sewer. [17] Place Bleasdale: Hail fell for just a quater of an hour but caused great damage to skylights. An observer measured 6 pieces of hail together weighing 4 ½ ounces. [18] Place Garstang: Also very large hailstones fell and a typical one measured 5 inches in circumference. Owing to the absence of wind there was not much damage to windows but greenhouses suffered disastrously.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms.; Generally two thunderstorms one in the morning and another much more severe with hailstones and ice in the afternoon.; Rochdale Fieldhead 0.31 in 11 m; Manchester Stretford 0.42 in 15 m; Broughton in Furness 0.80 in 30 m

    Source: Lancaster Gaz. 8 Jun; Manchester courier 8 Jun; Burnley Express 5 Jun; Blackburn Express 8 Jun; Lancaster gazette 8 Jun; BR

  219. 1889-06-09 Lancashire

    Rainfall: St Michael on Wyre 0.82 in 1 h 5 m

    Source: BR

  220. 1889-07-20 Lancashire

    [1] Several cows killed at Adlington (Macclesfield).

    Rainfall: Rochdale Fieldhead 0.58 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  221. 1889-08-11 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Hoylake 0.50 in 10 m

    Source: BR

  222. 1889-10-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Settle: Rain was accompanied by hailstones of phenomenal size. No flooding was reported there.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm – though the main news was of a widespread extreme gale and persistent rain

    Source: Lancaster Gazette 12 Oct

  223. 1890-06-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Warrington: The storm lasted an hour and a half.The streets were flooded notably from the Police Station to Fennell Street which was flooded to 1 foot depth for 100 yards.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 30 Jun

  224. 1890-07-14 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Broughton in furness 0.65 in 30 m

    Source: BR

  225. 1890-08-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Fylde: The storm lasted half an hour. Two horses and five cows were reported killed by lightning. There was no reference to flooding.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancaster Gazette 3 Sep

  226. 1890-09-17 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Birkdale 0.87 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  227. 1890-09-30 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy rainfall North Lancashire and Lakes but papers have no reference to thunder or flooding. [2] Ribble also overflowed [3] Cartmel, Broughton Hall R 2.10 in Skelwith bridge over the Brathay washed away

    Rainfall: Grizedale 2.55”; Seathwaite Vicarage 3.19”; Monk Coniston Park 3.59”

    Source: British Rainfall

  228. 1891-05-27 Lancashire

    [1] Bamber bridge: South of Preston the storm lasted from 30 to 45 minutes initially with hail which covered the ground then with rain which flooded the weaving sheds at School Lane. he storm only extended from one end of the village to the other. [2] A man was killed by lightning at Chorlton cum Hardy

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Preston Chronicle 30 May; BR

  229. 1891-06-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: Streets were flooded. A warehouse at Milnrow was struck by lightning and set alight but quickly extinguished. [2] Place Liverpool: St Pauls Church was struck by lightning and the dome set on fire. Basements of shops and offices have been deluged. A man was killed by lightning. [3] A house was struck at Nantwich; a cow was killed at Chorley; and a house struck and four pigeons killed at Crewe. In Lancashire in the evening two men were in a rowing boat on the Mersey; it was struck—one man was disabled and the other killed.—About 11 p.m. a house in Falkener Street, Liverpool, was struck and ignited, as was also the church of St. James in the same city. At night a warehouse in Milnrow, Oldham, was struck, the gas pipes were melted and the gas was lighted at the breach

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester courier 26 Jun

  230. 1891-06-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: The spire at St Saviour’s School was struck and damaged and many other buildings were struck and damaged. Cellars in the lower parts of town were flooded including some in Byrom Street and also in Whitechapel, Paradise Street Strand Street and Dale Street and Houghton Street. [2] Place Bootle: The police office on Strand Road was partially flooded. [3] Place Birkenhead: The lower parts of the town were flooded but locations or property were not specified. [4] Place Oldham: A large number of houses were flooded. The cellars of a few mills were covered to a depth of a few inches. Buildings were struck. [5] Thunderstorms were reported widely through the county but most had little damage or no flooding reported.

    Rainfall: Renewed thunderstorm from the previous day

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 26 Jun

  231. 1891-07-01 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Frodsham Dunsdale 1.50 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  232. 1891-08-13 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy and persistent rainfall caused widespread flooding most especially in the Darwen valley. Several mills stopped work at Blackburn. The Darwen rose 10 feet and all the fields on its banks were flooded. The upper and lower ends of the town suffered most, although in dozens of houses at the foot of the Darwen moors the cellars were flooded. At the upper end of the town between Grimshaw Street and Pilkington Street, water burst from a culvert and the walls of several houses fell down. Many mills were stopped owing to being flooded. [2] BR reports that the very heavy and continuous rains of the past week have done serious damage in East Lancashire, especially in the district extending from Blackburn to the Darwen Valley and away to Heapey. Low lands near Preston were covered with water, and the Ribble and its tributaries overflowed their banks. At Blackburn the Irwell overflowed, and several mills stopped work. At Bacup two streets were flooded 2 ft. deep, and a corn mill 4 ft. Forest Mill and other mills were temporarily stopped, boiler fires being put out. In the Darwen Valley there was enormous damage. During Thursday night (13th) very heavy rain fell in Darwen, and very great destruction of property occurred. The river Darwen rose 10 ft and all the fields on its banks were flooded. During the forenoon the water subsided to about 3 ft. or 4 ft. The upper and lower ends of the town suffered most, although in dozens of houses at the foot of the Darwen moors the cellars were flooded. At the upper end of the town between Grimshaw Street and Pilkington Street where the culvert takes a bend, the volume of water was so great as to burst the culvert near a row of houses in Pilkington Street, and at 9 o'clock the walls of some of the houses fell down with a crash, and were rapidly swept away by the stream. At the bottom of Longford Koad the water from the Moors came down with considerable force and brought down to Bolton Road loads of dirt and sand, which had to be carted away. The Darwen Company's mill is in the same district, and at 6 o'clock yesterday morning (14th), it was found impossible to work the pumps, in consequence of the quantity of dirt which had been swept into the reservoir. The workpeople to the number of 450 had to remain at home until dinner time, when another effort was made to start the pumps. The Spring Vale end of the Sough tunnel was flooded for over three hours yesterday morning, and traffic had to be conducted on a single line. The culvert at the side of the tunnel was too small for the water, and at 5.30 the up line to Manchester from Darwen was flooded. In the hilly district of Heapey the rainstorm raged with fury, and houses and mills suffered seriously. Yesterday morning (14th) at 3 o'clock it was found that the embankment about half-a-mile beyond Heapey station was giving way, and the engine drivers were warned. A couple of hours later the swollen brook, which runs beside the highway from Heapey to Chorley, overflowed its banks and forced its way under the railway bridge; this caused the wall to give way and part of the bridge and tons of earth were flung across the rails. The water then rushed across the line and a large volume flowed down the line, and undermined the foundations so seriously that traffic had to be stopped. The first to discover the mishap to the bridge was an engine driver, a couple of waggons being thrown off the track. It was some hours before the traffic could be resumed. A third slip occurred at the bridge, close to Heapey station, but this was not serious. Great damage was done to White Coppice Mills, about three-quarters of a mile from the railway station. The mills^ which belong to Mr. A. Eccles, are situate at the bottom of the bank of a large reservoir which feeds the boilers. The top of the bank is nearly level with the roof of the mill. About half a mile further back runs the sluice which carries the surplus water from the Eoddlesworth to the Eivington reservoirs of the Liverpool Corporation. This sluice also collects the water from the mountain rivulets along its course. One of these brooks comes down the centre of a particularly deep clough at the Chorley end of the sluice, and early yesterday morning several thousand tons of earth from the hill-side fell into the boiling stream and were carried into the sluice below, completely blocking it. The result was that the dammed up waters rushed over the sluice bank and into the White Coppice Reservoir. The bywash of the lodge proved insufficient to carry off the water,, which began to roll over the embankment a yard deep. The flood forced its way into the mills through the windows of the mechanic's shop and swept everything out by the front door. The main body of the stream was then deflected by a wall into the boiler house, which was quickly filled. Eventually the water burrowed its way under the foundations of the mill carrying with it tons of earth. Fortunately a man on duty in the mill went across the dam, and the occupants of the houses were aroused from their sleep and got out of danger, as were also a number of others who resided along the course of the stream. The water flooded the shed, and spoiled a lot of warp, and some cloth was carried into the road. The stock was fortunately low, but the damage must be great. Low down several bridges which crossed the brook have been carried away and the water which supplies the Dacca Twist Company was so dirty that work had to be stopped. Twice before within a month the valley has been flooded, but not to so serious an extent. On this occasion there can be little doubt that if the flood had continued much longer the embankment of the White Coppice Reservoir would have gone, and the loss of life might have been heavy.

    Rainfall: Persistent rain no thunder; British Rainfall reports that at no station was this the highest daily rainfall in a day with the largest recorded fall in the area of 2.42 inches. Floods were said to be due to the preceding wetness.

    Source: BR

  233. 1891-08-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: river Ribble was in high flood and low lying fields on the banks are under water. [2] The rain and strong winds were also reported at Lytham, Blackpool and Fleetwood. [3] The Lune and Wenning were also in a state of flood the worst for 15 years.

    Rainfall: Persistent rain with strong winds – no thunder reported

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 27 Aug

  234. 1892-05-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Southport: The lower half of Lord Street became a river with tributaries from Duke Street, Talbot Street Portland Street and parallel streets. A canoe was used in Talbot street. Cellars were flooded in Chapel St and Neville St. This was said to be the worst flooding for 2 years but were not so bad because of improvements in sewers. At Birkdale where no improvements had taken place there was flooding at Weld Road opposite the convent to several feet. Lulworth road became impassable and Aughton Road also flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Southport Birkdale 0.97 in 2 h

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 27 May

  235. 1892-07-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Wigan: Water poured into houses until it reached half a yard. [2] Place Bolton: Several mills are stopped through the floods. Several houses have been struck by lightning and a child was seriously injured. At a stable 50 horses were up to their necks in water. The streams in the district rose one foot a minute. [3] Houses were also reported flooded in Ashton, Ince, Platt Bridge, and Hindley. [4] This storm, yielding much rain in a short time, caused flooding in many places, and drains or sewers were burst in Manchester, Castleford, and Leeds. In Castleford it is stated that the local authorities removed nearly 100 cartloads of hail.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Bolton The Park 1.00 in 9 m (1.14 in 33 m)

    Source: Manchester Courier 5 Jul; BR

  236. 1892-08-23 Lancashire

    [1] Manchester. At Blackley a reservoir burst and sent a rush of water which tore away part of a joinery and entered cellars in Market Street. [2] St Helens: The storm lasted half an hour and all low lying parts of the town were flooded. A building was struck and seriously damaged.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following a period of oppressive heat.

    Source: Manchester courier 27 Aug; Liverpool Mercury 25 Aug

  237. 1892-09-01 Lancashire

    [1] Preston and the Fylde: Rainstorm caused the swelling of the Ribble and caused damage to crops in the Fylde. The river Wyre overflowed at Scorton station and the road nearby was under 4 to 5 feet of water. The River Lune overflowed near Lancaster and the ballast at Hindburn bridge had been washed away [2] Place Southport: A storm with hailstones occurred in a thunderstorm with high winds; no flooding was reported. [3] St Helens: Another thunderstorm again caused flooding in the lower part of town.

    Rainfall: No thunder reported in N Lancs but thunderstorms later in the south.; Chelford Astle Pk 0.50 in 20 m

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 3 Sep

  238. 1893-05-18 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Gawthorpe Hall 0.93 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  239. 1893-06-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Nelson: Heavy rain fell for 2 hours quickly flooding the lower parts of town. In the Walverden disctict weavers had to wade to get back to work after lunch and the Walverden Mill was flooded along with the adjacent Leeds Road. Cellars of houses were flooded in Carr and Scotland Roads and ran right through houses in George Street. Paving on Pendle Street was lifted and destroyed. The football and recreation field were under water and there was widespread flooding in the Newbridge area. A chemist’s shop was struck and destroyed in Burnley.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Blackburn Standard 10 Jun

  240. 1893-07-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Hyde: Shops and other buildings were flooded to a depth of 2 feet. Buildings were struck by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 4 Jul

  241. 1893-07-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lytham: Sewers were blocked and steets almost impassable. [2] Place Southport: Lord street sewer was surcharged and the basement of Scarisbrick hotel was flooded. Cellars in Stanley street were also flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Southport max temp 83.5 F; daily rainfall 1.33 inches

    Source: Lancs Evg post 10 Jul

  242. 1893-07-11 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: A mill chimney was struck and demolished and the mill set alight. No flooding was reported. [2] Place Hayfield: in the High Peak (Mersey catchment) several houses were flooded seriously. [3] Place Chorley: Low lying houses in Water street were flooded and the furniture floated about.A furniture store was struck by lightning. [4] Houses were struck and damaged by lightning at Accrington and Burnley.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Whittle le Woods (10th) 1.35 in 1 h 25 m

    Source: Manchester courier 12 Jul

  243. 1893-08-10 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: Buildings were struck and seriously damaged. The rain did much damage in Shearbrow and Limbrick. In Shearbrow large quantities of stones and gravel were carried down to Preston new Road. The water was 18 inches deep near St Andrew’s street in Limbrick and a number of houses were flooded in King William Street and Market Place. At Mellor a cow was killed and Eslwick Mill was flooded to a considerable depth. [2] Place Burnley: Rain fell for nearly 3 hours causing flooding to a large number of houses in various parts of the town. A mill was flooded in the Trafalgar district. [3] Place Preston/Longridge: The railway line between Preston and Longridge was torn up by the stream of water. Sewers in various parts of the town were unable to carry the water which shot up from manholes several feet high. Walls were washed down and cellars were almost universally flooded. Lightning strikes caused some fires. Syke Street main sewer which runs through Winckley Square under Mount street burst forming a huge chasm and the bottom of Mount street was flooded. Many mills were flooded to a depth of 2 to 3 feet. Friargate sustained great damage and tradesmen suffered loss through water up to 3 feet deep in shops. Park paths have been damaged by streams of water which have furrowed them and gravel is spread over the grass. A cow was killed by lightning. Hailstones of large size smashed windows and several shops were flooded. [4] Place Nelson: Sewers were inadequate and cellars were flooded. In Highborn road the subway under the railway was flooded. The houses on the higher side of Bradshaw Street were flooded. [5] Place Clitheroe: Most of the streets in the town were flooded and in the lower parts houses were flooded, to the extent in some that furniture was floating about. [6] Place Fulwood: The floors of some houses were burst out by the rush of water from bursting sewers. Water rushed down sloping streets, ploughing up the roads and carrying silt and debris. House gutters were insufficient capacity and water streamed off in sheets. [7] Place Garstang: Low lying lands were completely under water and the Wyre and Brock rose between 2 and 3 feet in half an hour. Five cows were killed by lightning. [8] Walton le Dale: Several houses had their cellars and kitchens flooded. Flats Mill was flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Longridge 2.09” in 35 minutes; 2.4 inches in the day; Preston – some hailstones the size of walnuts.; Preston Corporation Off: 1.25 in 5 m

    Source: Lancaster Gaz 12 Aug; Lancs Evg Post 11 Aug; BR

  244. 1894-07-02 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Rochdale Fieldhead 0.33 in 23 m

    Source: BR

  245. 1894-07-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: An extensive works was destroyed by fire after being struck by lightning. [2] Place Blackburn: three houses were struck. There were no reports of flooding. [3] A factory at Burnley, one house at Blackburn, one at Bradford, and several houses in Sheffield were struck. Floods occurred at Bacup, Sowerby Bridge, and Todmorden

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Bolton Hurst Bank Heaton 0.50 in 25 m

    Source: Blackburn Standard 28 Jul; BR

  246. 1894-08-01 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Whittle le Woods 1.43 in 3 h

    Source: BR

  247. 1895-05-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Heavy rain with hailstones. There were no reports of flooding. [2] Place Southport: A house was struck and damaged by lightning. [3] Place Manchester: A gang of men working on sewers in Scropton Street were suddenly hit by a surge of water from an old sewer carrying five or six men off their feet – but all were rescued.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 31 May

  248. 1895-06-26 Lancashire

    [1] Malpas, Edge Hill. The most severe TS experienced in 70 years commenced about 4 p.m., and it is estimated that more than 1,000 flashes of L occurred before 5 p.m., within a mile 15 oaks and 1 ash were struck. At Thorneycroft Hall 2.40 in fell in less than an hour. Eccleston 1.48 in. falling between 3.15 p.m. and 5.30 p.m.—Macclesfield, The Park (VIII). The most violent TS remembered. 2.37 in fell in three hours from 2.45 p.m. Bolton, The Park Severe TS from 3 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.—Rochdale, Deeplish Hill 1.87 in., of which 1.38 in. Fell between 5.20 p.m. and 6.20 p.m. during a TS ; probably all of the 1.87 in. fell in an hour-and-three-quarters.—Rochdale, Fieldhead TS, and 1.61 in 55 minutes.—Southport, Hesketh Park TS in evening.

    Rainfall: Rochdale Fieldhead 1.61 in 55 m; Eccleston 1.48 in 2 h 15 m

    Source: BR

  249. 1895-07-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Heavy rain flooded many of the leading thoroughfares and torrents rushed along steep places such as Leece Street, Bold Street, William Brown Street and London road. Sewers became choked leading to pools in low lying districts. Many cellars and warehouses were seriously flooded. Defective sewerage has caused problems on the outskirts at West Derby and Tuebrook where kitchens and gardens have been flooded. [2] An incident occurred in Fox Street in the second storm with lightning striking a warehouse and setting it alight but no flooding was reported from this second storm.

    Rainfall: Two thunderstorms separated by a couple of hours of sunshine

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 2 Jul

  250. 1895-07-26 Lancashire

    [1] Re 25 Jul A heavy fall (in places) over a large area, including N. Lancashire, the S.E. of the Lake District, and parts of all three Ridings of Yorkshire(widespread daily totals over 2.50).

    Rainfall: Grange pit Farm 0.34 in 8 m (1.25 in 20 m); Cartmel Fell Vic 1.50 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  251. 1896-07-09 Lancashire

    [1] Place Southport: Heavy rain for five hours with thunder at the beginning. Lord street and parallel streets were flooded as were several parts of Birkdale notably Weld Road, Aughton Road and York Avenue. The railway became flooded at Ash Street Station covering the axles of carriages.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 10 Jul

  252. 1896-08-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester/Oldham: The storm was accompanied by hail. The water rushed down Manchester Road like a river. A few houses and shops were flooded

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 22 Aug

  253. 1896-09-13 Lancashire

    [1] Pendlebury(NE of Manchester): A 9-year old boy was drowned when he was swept from a tunnel which he had gone under with some others to shelter from the rain. Initially the flow was very low but the water suddenly increased; the other boys ran out but he delayed and was carried away and drowned. Many low lying houses in Chorley and Bolton roads were flooded. Two houses were struck by lightning and inmates injured. [2] Bolton, Leigh, Bury: Lightning struck houses but no flooding was reported.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 19 Sep

  254. 1896-10-10 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: rain was accompanied by hail. Drains were overcharged and water flowed down the streets. [2] Place Liverpool: A local football team entering their field as a group were struck by lightning; one was killed and 5 others severely injured. No flooding reported.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm – but cold and wet throughout the day and accompanied by a high wind

    Source: Manchester Courier 12 Sep

  255. 1897-06-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: In the districts of West Derby and Tuebrook several houses had their cellars flooded. Near Edge Lane a great rush of water went over the railway line owing to the bursting of a sewer. At Old Swan the furniture in several houses was floating about. Premises in low lying districts of Liverpool including businesses and warehouses had their cellars flooded in many instances to several feet. [2] Place Bootle: the streets were flooded and water found its way into many cellars of houses in low lying districts. The borough police station was flooded to 18 inches. [3] Place Altrincham: The storm lasted 2 hours. Rain flooded low lying quarters of the town. Two houses were struck and damaged by lightning. [4] Place Nelson: The heavy rain quickly flooded the higher portion of the town; the drains in Hibson Road were quite inadequate. In the subway to Little Marsden the water accumulated to 5 feet.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Gateacre the Nook 0.68 on 30 m

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 30 Jun; BR

  256. 1897-08-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Rain was accompanied by hail. Drains were choked and many streets were flooded; business premises all over the city had their cellars flooded. A man was killed by lightning at the Docks. [2] Place Clitheroe: The storm was of short duration but a farmer was killed in a field. Streets and gullies were filled. [3] Bury, Blackburn: two men were killed by lightning. [4] Place Burnley: A number of cellars were flooded. [5] St Helen’s: Rain was accompanied by large hailstones and lumps of ice. Most of the streets of the town were flooded and damage was done by water getting into cellars of houses and shops. The most serious flooding was at the bottom of Bridge Street, the water being several feet deep and filling the surrounding shops and causing the upheaval of the pavement. [6] Southport and Ormskirk: Lightning damage to Portland hotel and three cows killed. [7] Place Wilmslow: Hailstones as large as marbles fell with great damage to greenhouses and fruit trees.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following a period of very warm weather. There were widespread reports of lightning damage and death of animals but few of flooding; Rochdale Fieldhead 0.56 in 30 m(1.54 in 45 m); Rochdale Deeplish Hill 1.60 in 40 m; Rochdale Park Obs 1.31 in 50 m (1.93 in 1 h 15 m); Rochdale, Park Observatory Two TSS. The first from noon to 1.15 p.m., with 1.93in; the second from 5.25 to 6.15 p.m., with 1.31 in., making a total of 3.24 in.; Rochdale, Fieldhead In 45 minutes, from 0.15 p.m., 1-54 in. of R fell, and in 30 minutes, from 5.30 p.m., 0.56 in.; Southport, Hesketh Park TS. A chimney stack and two trees were struck by L at Birkdale, and three cows were killed and a pony was injured on Birkdale Common

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 6 Aug; BR

  257. 1898-08-08 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Stretford 0.95 in 30 m

    Source: BR

  258. 1899-06-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Formby: A labourer was killed by lightning. [2] A storm was also reported at Liverpool with no damage reported and no flooding in Lancs.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following several weeks of warm dry weather

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 21 Jun

  259. 1899-06-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: Low lying streets were flooded. Part of Smithdown road was flooded to a depth of several feet. Many cellars of houses and businesses were flooded, notably in Byrom Street. [2] Place Bootle: At Seaforth, Bridge Street was flooded to a depth of 2 feet and streets were like rivers.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following 2 days of oppressive heat; Aughton springs 0.95 in 1 h

    Source: Liverpool Mercury 29 Jun 1899; BR

  260. 1900-06-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: cellars were flooded but damage limited. Several chimney stacks were demolished. Some lambs were killed. [2] Ashton under Lyne: Several houses in the lower part of town were flooded with furniture floating about. [3] Place Blackburn: Large hailstones came down in torrents and caused considerable damage to windows. Cellars were flooded [4] Eccles and Worsley: Lightning damage to buildings was reported. [5] Place Manchester: A boy was drowned in the River Medlock. He was playing in the bed of the river near Palmerstone Street, Beswick with the stream in a comparatively shallow state when the water suddenly came down in a flood. Three boys managed to escape with no more than a wetting, a fourth clung to a river wall until he was rescued, the other was carried downstream where the river wall was 30 feet high and attempts to rescue him failed.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms on successive nights with preceding very hot weather; BR observers note thunderstorms at Bolton; Astle Hall Chelford Cheshire had 0.55” in 7 m

    Source: Burnley Gaz 13 Jun; Blackburn standard 16 Jun; Manchester times 15 Jun; BR

  261. 1900-07-16 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Liverpool Huyton 0.30” in 10 minutes: .51” in 30 mins

    Source: BR

  262. 1900-08-03 Lancashire

    [1] Earby (N of Nelson): The storm did considerable damage to property and stock. The rain overflowed the back which runs through the town. Water St was properly named, the water being 2 feet deep. From the top end of the village to Albion Hall and grove Shed, the streets were impassable. Behind Victoria Inst and in Ireland Square the water was 3 feet deep in houses. Some of the shops in the main street were flooded a yard high. Nothing like this has occurred in Earby since 1866. [2] Woodhead (Upper Etherow/Goyt): A cloudburst was followed by a great rush of water down the hillside. Trees and undergrowth were carried along and large boulders some 6 feet long were carried in the direction of the rail line. In places it was piled in drifts 10 feet high on the line with the heaviest obstruction a mile on the Manchester side of the Crowden Station and a second not so serious a quarter of a mile from the station. A building near the station was covered with mud and partly demolished and the inhabitants escaped with difficulty. [3] Place Rochdale: two men were killed by lightning [4] Place Tyldesley: A man was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: Heavy daily rainfalls were reported at Liverpool (2.75” and 2.91”)

    Source: Burnley Express 8 Aug; Manchester courier 11 Aug; BR

  263. 1900-08-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bury: Hamilton street was flooded to a depth of 2 feet. A wall 100 feet long was carried away at Chesham. [2] Place Lancaster: Water rushed down the streets from the higher parts of the town causing floods at lower levels. Sewers were surcharged and water from the sewer grates added to the flood. Stonewell and Lower church Street had a sheet of water 1 foot deep. Several shopkeepers whose shops are below the level of the street were flooded. On receding, the road was covered with debris and sewage five inches deep.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Manchester Rainfall 1.37”

    Source: Manchester Courier 8 Aug; Lancs Evg Post 6 Aug

  264. 1901-07-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: A number of houses in low lying parts of the town were flooded. [2] Langho (N of Blackburn): A house was struck by lightning. [3] Place Accrington: two houses damaged by lightning. [4] Barrowford (N of Burnley): A man was killed by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with accompanying very high temperatures - 90F recorded following a drought of 20 days; Storms widely reported in Lancs but no significant flooding.; Manchester Stretford 1.00 in 30 mins

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 22 Jul; BR

  265. 1901-07-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: The road at Fallowfield Station was flooded from water flowing from a sewer combined with the overflow of a brook in the Burnage area; a considerable length of line was flooded. Water was as high as the platform at Alexandra Park. Rail services were disrupted.

    Rainfall: No thunder reported – persistent rainfall

    Source: Manchester Courier 26 Jul

  266. 1901-11-11 Lancashire

    [1] Widespread heavy rainfall from a deep depression moving across Ireland and northern England extending over 2 days. Rainfall on 11 th exceeded 1 inch over the whole of Ireland except the extreme NW and SW, and parts of Lancs and W Riding of Yorkshire. On 12th the heavy rain continued in NW England and extended to Northumberland as well as southern Scotland and south to Derbyshire. (Complete BR rainfall list scanned). [2] Place Burnley: The town suffered immense damage. Several rows of houses in the town were under water.

    Rainfall: Not a thunderstorm

    Source: BR

  267. 1902-05-17 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Ormskirk 1.18” in 1 hour

    Source: BR

  268. 1903-05-05 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Rochdale 0.40” in 15 m

    Source: BR

  269. 1903-06-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: A half hour storm caused flooding of streets. A spinning mill was struck by lightning and set alight. Other buildings were struck.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley express 27 Jun

  270. 1903-07-17 Lancashire

    [1] St Helens: At St Thomas Cemetery the bell tower was struck and the bell fell to the ground. Cellars were flooded in several public houses in Liverpool road. [2] Place Warrington: Low lying streets were flooded. People were injured by lightning strike.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 18 Jul

  271. 1903-08-14 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Rochdale 0.46” in 24 m

    Source: BR

  272. 1903-09-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: All the contributing stream swelled the Calder to a great height. The Ribble also overflowed in places. [2] Place Barrowford: Low lying places were flooded. On the back of Gisburn Road, houses were flooded as well as the mill. [3] Place Padiham: Although the river rose to a great height, none of the mills were flooded. [4] Place Clitheroe: Albion Mill and Shawbridge mill were flooded from the river Ribble. Houses in Shawbridge Street and Taylor Street were flooded due to the overflowing of a brook at the top of Walker Street. Houses in Waterloo, Duck Street and Salford were also flooded. [5] Place Earby: The lower part of the village was flooded. The beck which runs past Victoria Mill overflowed and a neighbouring shed with 800 looms was flooded to a depth of 9 inches. Houses in Victoria Street were flooded to at least 1 foot. [6] Hapton(W of Burnley): The farmer at shuttleworth Hall Farm had land flooded that had not been flooded for the last 23 years and managed to save most of his farm animals by wading chest deep for up to two hours.

    Rainfall: Preston had daily rainfall of 1.33”

    Source: Burnley express 12 Sep

  273. 1903-10-15 Lancashire

    [1] Manchester and E Lancs: Rain was accompanied by large hailstones which broke greenhouse glass. The streets were deluged for hours.

    Rainfall: Very widespread rain with some thunderstorms

    Source: Manchester courier 17 Oct

  274. 1904-08-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: Lightning struck and damaged 2 houses in Barracks Road. [2] Lightning damage was also reported at Liverpool and Leyland. [3] Place Liverpool: Torrential rain caused a serious fire by flooding an oil-works and raising the floating oil to the level of the gas jets.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm preceded by very hot weather throughout the country (91F in London)

    Source: Burnley Express 6 Aug; BR

  275. 1905-06-28 Lancashire

    [1] Wilmslow (S of Manchester): Rain was accompanied by hail almost as big as marbles. The roads and low lying areas were flooded and great damage was done to strawberry crops. [2] Place Northwich: A whirlwind was observed. At noon, after a thunderstorm with hail, a whirlwind did much damage, unroofing houses and workshops, driving in gables of three houses, and sucking up nearly a ton of hay, carried it for nearly a quarter of a mile. A bookstall in the station was denuded of its contents, and a porter's cap was carried into a football field three hundred yards distant, where also were discovered some hundreds of postcards from the bookstall.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Wilmslow Parkside 0.60 in 30 m

    Source: Burnley Gazette 1 Jul; BR

  276. 1905-07-09 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Rochdale Fieldhead 0.85 in 30 m

    Source: BR

  277. 1905-08-03 Lancashire

    [1] St Anne’s: Many cellars in the town were flooded. A house was struck and damaged. [2] Place Carnforth: the main road from Lancaster to the north was flooded to 2 feet.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg post 4 Aug

  278. 1906-05-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Hyde: Tramway and railway traffic was interrupted, houses were flooded and the roof of a hat factory fell in while part of the machine room of another factory was washed away. In the Godley Valley separating Hyde and Newton, most damage was done. 200 to 300 houses were flooded to a depth of 2 to 6 feet. Some people were taken out of their homes by ladders. A retaining wall adjoining Newton Bank Printworks was washed down and part of the building swept away with the water 7 feet deep. Kingston Mills and Hollow Factory were flooded. North and sons Leather works was destroyed. [2] River Hyde Great rainstorm. 'Tramway and railway traffic was interrupted, and houses were flooded so that many people left them in fear. Part of a leather works was destroyed, a roof collapsed at a hat works, and part of the machine-room at a calico print works was washed away. The total damage is estimated at over £10,000.'—The Times.: [3] Place Stalybridge: A culvert at high elevation in the southeast of the town burst and water descended to the centre of the town washing up a portion of the road in its passage and flooding a large number of houses. Within an hour the inundation at Portland Place through which the River Tame flows had reached 5 feet. Part of the side of the bridge was washed away. Houses in the vicinity were flooded to a depth of a foot or two of water. In Old Street water flowed in the front and out the back and carried furniture etc. Heavy rainfall between Godley and Mottram flooded the rail line to Sheffield and caused delays. An adjacent village was flooded to a depth of 2 feet and into 10 to 12 houses. [4] Place Colne: All over the town the streets were full of water and cellars of houses and mills were flooded. Great Holme Mill suffered greatly where the water swept away the gable end which collapsed. Stanley Mill was also flooded with water bursting through a window. The water was knee deep in the waterside district and at Primet bridge residents had to wade to reach their dwellings. Some large mills at the bottom of derby Street were flooded. The rails were submerged between Colne and Nelson. [5] Nelson, Reedyford: Foundations of a new bridge were washed away and mills and houses in the vicinity also suffered. [6] Place Buxton: houses were flooded in dale road. The storm was also experienced in Chinley, (where hailstones of tremendous size were reported), New Mills, Chapel-en-le Frith and Hayfield. The river Goyt was a torrent and large trees were carried down.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 9 May; Manchester Courier 9 May; BR

  279. 1906-06-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: A building was struck and damaged. No flooding reported. [2] Place Chorley: Rainfall for 2 hours but no flooding reported. Houses were struck. [3] Place Whalley: Storm of rain and hail for half an hour and the main street had the appearance of a river. Several cottages were flooded. [4] Place Bacup: Steeper streets ran like rivers. Large quantities of debris choked the gullies.In Market St and Newchurch Strets the gravel was sufficient to block the tram service.One part of Gas Street was 12 inches under water. Irwell Mill was flooded. [5] Place Burnley: Very local storm affected only parts of the town.One or two mills had their floors covered with water in the Accrington Road district.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following a spell of very hot weather

    Source: Lancs Evg post 12 Jun; Burnley express 13 Jun

  280. 1906-08-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: some bye-streets were flooded and traffic was affected on some main streets also. No damage to life or property was reported. [2] St Helen’s: A house was struck and damaged. [3] Lytham and St Anne’s: Fairhaven and Clifton Drive were almost impassable, the water being one foot deep and right across the road. Cellars were flooded. The waiting room at Lytham Station was flooded.

    Rainfall: Rochdale Fieldhead 0.52 in 30 m

    Source: Manchester Courier 15 Aug

  281. 1906-10-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: several streets were flooded. The junction of Sudell Close and Preston road was like a lake and much sand and gravel swept down the hill.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following a long dry spell – the drought was said to extend for 4 months; Rochdale 0.16 in 7.5 m

    Source: Manchester Courier 5 Oct; BR

  282. 1907-05-11 Lancashire

    [1] Place Pendleton: A house was struck by lightning and some sheep were killed. [2] Storms without damage or flooding were reported at Burnley, Clitheroe and Accrington.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with preceding very hot weather

    Source: Burnley express 15 May

  283. 1907-06-09 Lancashire

    [1] Place Wirral: Hailstones the size of marbles did much damage to crops [2] Fylde to Garstang: many roads are flooded [3] Place Preston: The storm was not as severe as a month ago which was of longer duration. A house was struck by lightning. [4] Place Garstang: Low lying roads are flooded. A cow was killed by lightning at Nateby. [5] Ashton on Ribble: A house at Cannon Hill was flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Liverpool Knotty Ash 1.71 during Ts (duration not specified)

    Source: Manchester Courier 11 Jun; Lancashire Evg Post 10 Jun; BR

  284. 1907-06-29 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Liverpool Huyton 0.90 in 1 h 15 m

    Source: BR

  285. 1907-07-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bolton: the storm was accompanied by rain and hail. A house was struck and damaged at Deane. [2] St Helen’s: The traffic was stopped for a time by flooding. Lightning damaged houses.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 5 Jul

  286. 1907-07-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: There was much flooding of cellars in various parts of the town and lakes were formed on the promenade by the blocking up of gullies. Hailstones the size of marbles fell for several minutes. During the storm 1.85 inches fell in a short time (duration not specified). [2] Place Fylde: Rain fell in torrents for a long spell resulting in floods. Hay was damaged.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Hampson in Ellel 1.50 in 1 h; Cartmel Several sheep were killed and other damage done. The storm was most partial, little over half an inch falling at Flookburgh, Cark and Holker, while nearly 1 ¼ in. fell at Cartmel, and 2 ¼ in. at Grange

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 22 Jul; Burnley Gaz 24 Jul; BR

  287. 1908-06-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Leigh: Two houses were struck and damaged by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 5 Jun

  288. 1908-07-14 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Macclesfield 1.16 in 1 h 30 m; Blackpool 0.32 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  289. 1908-08-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: A mill was struck and set alight – but no flooding was reported.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 29 Aug

  290. 1908-09-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: Altham’s shed in Heasandford was flooded. Haydock Street near Victoria Hospital was flooded due to inadequate drainage. When the water got level with Sailor Street it flowed away. Briercliffe road was also impassable and the Baltic Fleet Hotel cellar was flooded. The school in connection with Mount Zion Methodist church in Colne Road was flooded

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm in Lancs and in West Riding; Rochdale Fieldhead 1.07 in 3 h

    Source: Burnley Gaz 23 Sep; BR

  291. 1909-08-16 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: an inch of rain was registered in less than half an hour. The water became excessive for the grids and the roads were quickly flooded to a depth of several inches. Buildings and telephone services were struck by lightning. Cellars were flooded but there is no reference to location or to flooding of property. [2] Place Oldham: Blackriddings Mill and the Spindle Works were flooded; boilerhouses were flooded at the Hartford and Avon Mills. At many houses the water reached a level to put out the fires and at Chadderton Police Station the cells were flooded. A woman in a cellar tenement in Dorothy Street was in danger of being drowned. The low lying districts of Crompton also suffered severely. [3] Place Heywood: The sewer in John street was unable to take the volume and the water backed up into Singletons Weaving shed which was flooded to 2 feet. [4] Place Blackpool: Lightning damaged the Cemetery church. [5] Place Rochdale: Lightning struck the Providence Church. Two horses were killed by lightning. [6] Place Eccles: The cellars of the Town Hall and adjoining shops were flooded. The water under Slack Lane bridge rose to a height of 3 feet and houses were invaded. The floods reached Togo Mill Barton and Bridgewater foundry. [7] The storm was also reported in Liverpool, Widnes, Accrington but without andy reports of flooding.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms affecting most Lancashire towns – brief but severe.; Liverpool, Huyton Vicarage Violent hail storm. Large pieces of ice fell in early morning.; Hulme (Lightning struck St. Gabriel's Church and set fire to the roof. A hand-cart was struck in the street and the wheels forced off, the man pushing it was severely shaken but not injured.; Wigan 0.40 in fell in 15 minutes. Hail as big as peas.; Filey 0.37 in fell in 13 minutes.

    Source: Manchester courier 17 Aug; BR

  292. 1910-06-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: The streets were soon flooded and the rivers rose rapidly. The only damage occurred at Burnley Wood District where a house was struck by lightning. A woman was killed by lightning. [2] Place Barnoldswick: The Primitive Methodist School was flooded and a thick layer of mud left. The water in the cellar of the Liberal Club was 2 feet deep and the Albert Hall was invaded. Damage was done to houses in Albert Street. Houses in Walsmote were flooded several feet.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Burnley express 11 Jun

  293. 1910-06-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Earby: A storm burst on Pinhope Pike and caused havoc in Lothersdale valley and also in Earby valley the stream which flows through the older part of the town became a rushing torrent and swept down walls and bridges. Owing to the succession of bridges and buildings erected across the stream in Water Street, the street became like Venice. Houses and shops in the lower part of the street were flooded and Victoria Shed was entered. Ireland Square suffered the most and houses were 2 to 3 feet deep in water and mud. The damage in Water Street would have been greater but the water flowed across the fairground and joined the other stream which proceeds from Kelbrook

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley Gazette 18 Jun

  294. 1911-05-27 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: Rain tore up masses of road metal on steep streets and washed down into the centre of town choking the tramway lines. The river Blakewater rose rapidly and cellars in lowlying parts of the town were quickly flooded. Many shops were flooded.

    Rainfall: thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Courier 29 May

  295. 1911-06-17 Lancashire

    [1] Stalybridge:' The Bridge Street Cotton Mills were struck by lightning, and the fire which followed did considerable damage, the two top storeys of the building being completely destroyed.'— The Times. [2] Clayton-le-Moors ' During a severe thunderstorm which passed over the Accrington district Thomas Henry Haworth, aged 50, a spinner, of Church, who was walking to Clayton-le-Moors with his wife and child, was struck by lightning and killed.' The Times.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  296. 1911-08-05 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Southport Hesketh park 0.48 in 15 m

    Source: BR

  297. 1912-08-04 Lancashire

    [1] Carke in Cartmel: A horse was killed by lightning

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  298. 1913-10-27 Lancashire

    [1] Place Widnes: The storm was accompanied by a whirlwind and hail with rain. Houses were partially demolished with the gale; in Kent street windows were blown out. [2] Place Manchester: It also experienced heavy rain with thunder but for less than an hour with no reports of damage or flooding.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Manchester courier 28 Oct

  299. 1914-06-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Saddleworth: Wharmton Hill seems to have been the centre of the storm. Water rushed down the gullies carrying thousands of tons of rocks and sand. A wall at Greenfield Station was washed down and blocked the line. At Uppermill a culvert burst and blocked the road. All the houses in the valleys were flooded. The mill at Dobcross was brought to a standstill and the flood did much damage. The cellars of the Railway Hotel Greenfield were filled. [2] BR notes from the ribble valley observer that a terrible thunderstorm burst on Red Shaw Hill near Newby Head 2 ½ miles from Gearstones and the same distance from Ling Gill Bridge and flooded the Dent Valley as well as the Ribble. The water was very muddy and a kind of marl deposit was left on the bed of the river. The backwaters were several inches thick with the stuff. A few tons of stones were removed by the torrent. [3] WG has no reference to rainfall or flooding.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Evening News 18 Jun; BR

  300. 1914-06-18 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: The storm affected the west of the town whilst the east was untouched. Heavy rain fell for nearly an hour. A pub, Malakoff Tavern was struck and damaged. In the hollow under Cog Lane rail bridge water reached almost to the top of the lampposts partly due to blocked gullies. In Gannow Lane houses at the lower end were flooded to two or three feet. Woodbine Mill was flooded and the Grey Mare Inn Gannow Lane had barrels floating in the cellar. A house was struck and damaged by lightning. [2] Place Mossley: Water swept down steep streets carrying debris. In Stamford Road there was 12 inches of water running down, emptying in the railway station and the Empire cinema which was like a swimming bath with 3 feet of water in the dressing rooms. Jacob’s Ladder abutting Stamford Road was swept by rain and carried much debris. A mill was struck by lightning and set alight. The Clark and Wilson and the Croft Mill were flooded. [3] Scores of houses were flooded in Mid-Cheshire.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm, local in effect; Temperature in Manchester reached 76 F, the hottest of the year.; Burnley 0.73 inch in 1 hour

    Source: Burnley Echo 20 Jun; Manchester courier 19 Jun

  301. 1914-07-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Birkenhead: A number of houses, Birkenhead Hotel were struck and cattle were killed by lightning. [2] Place Rochdale: A haymaker was killed by lightning whilst sheltering under a farm cart. A number of huildings were struck and damaged. A horse and a cow were killed at Littleborough. [3] Lightning damage was also reported in St Helens and Widnes and Pendleton where 4 houses collapsed. [4] Place Broughton: several streets were flooded. [5] Place Burnley: Just one or two cellars flooded [6] Place Padiham: A house was struck by lightning and damaged. [7] Place Nelson: Various buildings were also struck. [8] Place Sabden: There was flooding at Cobden Union Mills mainly from the inadequacy of roof gutters. Steiner’s printworks also suffered flooding. The Water was several feet deep on Whalley Road. [9] Place Accrington: Surface water flooding occurred at the end of Scaitcliffe Street and Ormerod Street near the railway bridge where the road was 2 to 3 feet under water. Howard and Bullough Departmnets were also flooded. [10] Place Manchester: Limited damage was caused by lightning and flood effects were limited to sporting events.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following hot weather – temperature reaching 77F.; Frodsham Simonsdelf 0.46 in 15 m

    Source: Liverpool Echo 2 Jul; Burnley News 4 Jul; Manchester Evg. News 1 Jul; Rochdale Observer 4 Jul

  302. 1914-07-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Mossley: The downpour swept from the upper to the lower part of town. Many tons of sand were swept down Jacob’s Ladder on to the main road, Stamford road. Abney Congregational Church was struck by lightning. [2] Place Ashton: A man was found dead in bed, thought to have been struck by lightning. Many houses were struck and several people injured by lightning. Streets were turned into torrents. A street in the Smallshaw district had a foot of water.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm lasting less than 1 hour

    Source: Manchester Courier 13 Jul

  303. 1914-07-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Frodsham: For the first time since the main sewer was built down Bank Street the sewer was unable to carry the flow and backed up as far as the Post Office on Main Street. Lower main Street represented a river and Booth Street and Marsh Green were flooded.

    Rainfall: Downpour with very little thunder and lightning

    Source: Chester chronicle 25 Jul

  304. 1915-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Ellesmere port: Heavy rain shortly flooded one of the main streets, the water running through several low lying homes, owing to the inefficiency of grids to take away the water.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Chester Chronicle 31 JUl

  305. 1915-08-09 Lancashire

    [1] Manchester, Hulme: Two men working in a sewer forty feet below York Street were swept off their feet by a sudden flood and drowned. The inquest noted that the water in the sewer rose from 12 inches to 2 feet 9 inches in 4 minutes and shortly afterwards to fill the 4 foot 6 inch sewer and rise in the manhole. [2] Place Rochdale: Heavy rain fell for more than half an hour. Streams dashed down every incline and flooded houses on the way and carried masses of debris. The Flying Horse Hotel and the shop adjoining the church Steps were flooded. The cellars of a bank were flooded. The water level in Sudden Brook rose four or five feet in an incredibly short time; it overflowed the bank and flooded the Sudden Manufacturing Company’s mill. Several other mills were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Manchester Evg news 13 Aug; Rochdale Observer 11 Aug

  306. 1916-06-23 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Southport Hesketh 0.37 in 10 m

    Source: BR

  307. 1916-07-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: Rain fell in torrents for nearly one hour. The river and streets became swollen with water in a short time. Several mills were flooded and debris washed into the street.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Rochdale Observer 5 Jul

  308. 1914-08-14 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Blundellsands Myra 1.09 in 30; 15th daily rainfall; Heysham 3.33 in; Morecambe 3.69 in

    Source: BR

  309. 1916-08-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: Several houses were struck by lightning but no flooding was reported. (Note also flooding at Todmorden)

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Burnley News 19 Aug

  310. 1917-08-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Nelson: Several houses in low lying parts of the town were flooded. The subway at Hibson road was flooded and impassable. [2] Place Burnley: cellars and basements were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs evg. Post 13 Aug; Burnley News 15 Aug.

  311. 1917-08-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: A severe thunderstorm occurred at Crompton between Rochdlae and Oldham. Many houses and cellars along the Beal valley were flooded. The tower of Lyon Mill was struck by lightning and water poured into the basement of the mill to a depth of 2 feet. [2] Place Chorley: Downpour of hail and rain. Low lying portion of Market street and Water Street were flooded. Some houses were struck by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Rochdale Observer 18 Aug

  312. 1918-05-21 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Bolton Queens Park 0.47 in 15 m

    Source: BR

  313. 1918-07-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: Much damage was caused by flooding especially at Littleborough, Smallbridge and Milnrow. In Rochdale itself there was little damage although the River Roach as well as the canal was very high after the storm. [2] Place Littleborough: Here and Summit (apart from Walsden) were the greatest sufferers from the storm. Clough Mill was flooded to a depth of 7 feet after the mail dam overflowed in the Summit District. Much water also found its way along Clough Road with debris carried as far as Denhurst. Cottages on either side of Blackstone Edge Road were flooded. Flagstones and kerbstones were torn up. At Dearnley water rushed down side streets on to the tramway and debris was 2 feet deep in places. Pigs and fowls were drowned. The river completely overflowed its banks in three quarters of an hour. Several houses were flooded in Smallbridge. Basements of houses and shops in lower parts of Milnrow and Newhey were flooded. [3] A Littleborough resident noted that the first effects of rain and hail was the stream of water down Temple Lane bringing a load of rubbish. Afew minutes later a much larger stream came crashing down the road taking the water from Cloughead into the Roach. In a few minutes it was 4 feet wide and 9 or 10 inches deep. A few minutes later it covered the whole width of the Todmorden road carrying stones and debris and knocking down walls. It dug a deep channel in the roadway. [4] Elsewhere the Burnley Express notes that there is still a shortage of water and presumably the storm had no serious effects there.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm accompanied by hail; The last of the series of thunderstorms which characterized the third week of July brought highly localized splashes of heavy rainfall in the Midlands and north of England.

    Source: Rochdale Observer 24 Jul; BR

  314. 1919-05-10 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorms were widespread in Westmoreland, north Lancashire and West Riding of Yorkshire. [2] Place Carnforth: Torrential rain washed potatoes etc out of the ground. The surface of the main roads was much damaged and houses were flooded. [3] BR notes that owing to the hilly nature of the district serious damage was done by flood water, roads having their surfaces torn away and being blocked by debris. At one point a beck was diverted from its natural course, a hole 40 ft. deep being cut out, and a bridge almost washed away.

    Rainfall: Caton The School House 1.82 in 1 h 30 m

    Source: BR; Westmoreland gazette 17 May; BR

  315. 1920-05-29 Lancashire

    [1] St Helens: The town and district suffered considerable damage after three periods of intense rainfall and hail. The road to Warrington at Peasley Cross was flooded to a depth of 5 feet and was closed to traffic. A wall at the borough sanatorium was knocked down by lightning and the adjacent stream flowed into the grounds and the administration block. Water burst up from grids and manholes. Many houses were flooded at Parr and Moss Nook with water reaching the kitchen ceilings. The St Helens newspaper office basement was flooded. At Reigate, Sutton, Thatto Heath and Watery Lane, scores of houses were flooded. Macadam roads all over the area have been badly damaged. [2] Place Leigh: The town experienced its worst flood in years and for hours numerous people were trapped in upstairs rooms. Leigh Road towards Bolton was flooded and the Firs Post Office was badly flooded. Water was pumped out of houses, shops and the Hippodrome. [3] Place Blackburn: Cellars and basements in low lying parts of the town were flooded and many streets were badly damaged by water. In Shear brown portions of the road were torn up and several cottages in other parts of the town were flooded. In King William Street and Sudell Cross, shopkeepers were engaged in diverting the water or sweeping it away from their doors. [4] Burnley, Accrington, Preston: Thunderstorms also occurred but were of brief duration and no damage was reported. [5] Eccelston (S of Preston): The Sid brook rose and flooded adjacent fields. Trees, hedges and fences were torn down and footbridges swept away. At Heskin three houses were flooded and at Dog Kennel residents had to take refuge upstairs. Much damage was done to gardens and poultry and pigs were lost or had to be rescued. [6] Woodplumpton (North of Preston): Secondary roads were extensively flooded. At Sowerby Hall 3 lambs, a foar, cows and poultry were drowned. [7] Place Leyland: Newsome Street off Hough lane was worst hit with water up to 3 feet deep in houses. Chapel Brow was flooded and the Gasworks fires were in danger of being extinguished (but escaped). Seven Stars Hotel was struck by lightning. [8] Croston (SW of Preston): The River Yarrow rose about 10 feet and reached the crown of the bridge leading to the Hillocks which was entirely flooded out. Town road, Station Road, Highfield Lane, Grapes Lane and Westheads Road were under water to a depth of 2 feet, as was also the Rectory grounds and The Rectory. The church escaped. Croston Brickworks were flooded. [9] Thornley (NE of Preston): Tens of acres of land are under water in the Loud valley. there were no reports of houses flooded. [10] Serious damage was done to railway lines and roads. Near Brock Station the floods washed out a small bridge and made a 15 yard gap in the railway embankment. The valley between Preston and Deepdale station on the Longridge line was flooded and trains were cancelled. Caldwell bridge (Stonebridge brow 4 ½ miles from Preston) across the Barton Brook collapsed cutting road traffic. [11] The most serious damage was in the Brock valley between Claughton and St Michaels where the rains rushed down Fair Snape, Parlick Hill and Beacon Hill causing the river to rise at a great rate, sweeping everything before it. The banks were quickly overflown and cattle had to be rescued with difficulty. Trees were torn up and blocked bridges, notably at Brock Station where backed up water flooded houses in Parlick Terrace to a depth of 3 to 4 feet. The bridge was endangered and damaged and rail traffic was stopped in time. The embankment failed and the water poured through the gap into Brock village where houses at the lower end were flooded to 3 feet. Brookhouse farm was also flooded. Roebuck Hotel and the Post Office were flooded. [12] The centres of heaviest rainfall were in England, and more than 2 in. fell in three districts respectively in Lancashire, South Yorkshire, and Lincolnshire. To the south of Preston more than 3 in fell. In the district surrounding this centre of great rainfall more than 1 in. was observed over an unbroken area stretching from the Mersey to near Kirkby Stephen, and from the coast at Southport inland to Rochdale.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; 2.82 inches in 24 hours at Preston most of it in 3 hours.; Leyland Worden Hall 1.65 in 20 m (3.23 in day); Upholland Grammar Scl 1.50 in 38 m; Leigh Leesrigg 1.00 in 1 h; The most intense rainfalls of the day, however, occurred in a tract; extending from Lancashire to Lincolnshire, particularly at the two; extremities. At the western end the principal centre was to the south of Preston at Worden Hall, Leyland.; At Walton-le-Dale, out of a total of 3.25 in., nearly 3 in. fell during an hour and a half from 17 h., but no precisely timed measurement appears to have been made. Local accounts suggest that the rainfall was at least equally severe on Bleasdale Fells and Beacon Fell, and an extraordinary rise took place in the Barton Brook, a tributary of the River Wyre.; This was also the occasion of the great floods at Louth in Lincolnshire.

    Source: Lancs Evg post 31 May; BR

  316. 1921-05-12 Lancashire

    [1] A secondary depression of no great importance crossed the south of England but at Bramhall near Stockport 2.00 in. fell in an hour,

    Rainfall: Bramhall Bramhall Lane 2.00 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  317. 1921-10-11 Lancashire

    [1] The passage of secondary depressions gave considerable falls from 9 to 11 Oct, the principal centres lying in the west of Ireland on the 9th, and in the centre and east of England on the two following days.

    Rainfall: Newhey sewage Wks 2.28 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  318. 1922-05-21 Lancashire

    [1] BR notes that the falls reported on 21st from Grimsby, Otham and Hampson-in-Ellel were accompanied by severe hail, and the amounts given must be considered as minima. (See The Meteorological Magazine, June, 1922, pp. 129-130.)

    Rainfall: Hampson in Ellel 1.13 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  319. 1922-09-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: A local thunderstorm was reported in relation to egg laying! But no other information was provided. [2] A depression reached central Scotland on the 31st, being very shallow, and then started to move southwards. The heavy rain on the Lancashire coast during the night August 31st-September 1st appears to have been connected with this movement.

    Rainfall: Burnley 1.5 inches in 75 minutes in a local thunderstorm; Daily totals; Southport Hesketh Park 2.56; St Annes on Sea 3.71; St Annes on Sea Lawrence Ho 3.75; Blackpool Obs 3.06

    Source: Burnley Express 4 Oct 1922; BR

  320. 1923-11-12 Lancashire

    [1] The main damage was in the Clitheroe district where 300 houses were flooded and two quiet streams became raging torrents. The floods stopped mills including Albion, Holmes, Brewere and Waterloo Mills. Schools were closed. Floods also occurred from the overflowing of the Pendle Water. [2] BR notes that according to the Liverpool correspondent of The Times, writing on November 14th, the floods at Sale on the Mersey were the most severe within memory, the water being 11 ft. deep at Sale Priory. At Clitheroe, 300 houses were flooded, and at Bury fire engines had to be requisitioned to pump water out of houses.

    Rainfall: Ingleton 3.52; Not a thunderstorm – 41 hours continuous rain; (The annual rainfall to this point was reported to be a record); Rainfall on 2 days 11 and 12th; Oldham gas works 1.58 2.53; Oldham Brushes Clough .. 2.69; Rochdale (Spring Mill, Whitworth) 1.90 2.50; Rochdale (Cowm, Whitworth) 2.14 2.80; Sedbergh (Brigg Flats) 1.78 2.69; Sedbergh (Havera Bank) * 2.75

    Source: Burnley Express 17 Nov; BR

  321. 1924-06-11 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Heysham Harbour 0.40 in 10 m

    Source: BR

  322. 1924-06-19 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Leyland Worden Hall 0.42 in 10 m (0.35 in 4 m approx)

    Source: BR

  323. 1924-08-17 Lancashire

    [1] Ribblesdale and Bowland: Miles of road surface was completely washed away. Brooks which were a mere trickle became raging torrents in a few minutes. Hundreds of tons of earth and stones were washed on to roads which were blocked at two places. Fences, footbridge and trees were carried down the valley. At Langden Valley waterworks from which Preston gets its water supply; the flood rose several feet above the concrete dam. There was also serious damage at the Blackburn Works in the Brennan valley where many sheds were dislodged from their foundations and several landslides occurred. Hodder and Ribble were both in flood causing widespread agricultural damage. [2] An embankment collapsed between Clitheroe and Whalley blocking the railway line. [3] Place Colne: the river rose and flooded house in the Waterside area. [4] Place Sabden: The Union Mill was temporarily stopped as flood water entered the boiler room.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 21 Aug

  324. 1924-08-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Stalybridge: Two houses were seriously damaged by lightning. Lightning strikes were also reported around the Manchester region.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms widespread in South of England; West Kirby (Cheshire) 1.59 in 1 h 30 m

    Source: Lancs Evg post 23 Aug; BR

  325. 1925-05-19 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Bolton Queens park 0.95 in 30 m; In May, thunderstorms and hail showers were widespread and numerous. Liverpool had as many as 10 days with thunderstorms.

    Source: Br

  326. 1925-08-22 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Leyland Worden Hall 0.50 in 19 m

    Source: BR

  327. 1926-07-09 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Northwich Barnton 0.38 in 10 m

    Source: BR

  328. 1926-07-18 Lancashire

    [1] Entries occur in the table for Lancaster, Southport and Blackpool. At Lancaster the intense rain occurred just after and at Southport and Blackpool just before midnight on the 19th.

    Rainfall: Southport Hesketh park 0.20 in 5 m; Lancaster Greg Obs 1.20 in 15 m; Blackpool Met Obs 1.00 in 20 m; West Kirby in Cheshire 1 -55 inch fell during a thunderstorm lasting from 16 h. to 16 h. 55 m.

    Source: BR

  329. 1926-09-20 Lancashire

    [1] On the morning of 20th thunderstorms accompanied by heavy local rains, were associated in northern districts with the incursion of a cold northerly current. Entries for this day are for West Kirby, to the west of Birkenhead; Birkenhead and Southport. At West Kirby the rain fell shortly after midnight, at Birkenhead -41 inch fell between 3h. 25 m. and 3 h. 35 m., and -55 inch between 4 h. 15m. and 4 h. 30 m. At Southport, during the most intense portion of the storm, 0.20 inch fell in 2 ½ minutes.

    Rainfall: Birkenhead 0.41 in 10 m (0.55 in 15 m)

    Source: BR

  330. 1926-11-04 Lancashire

    [1] Rain was widespread in western Britain in the southern portion of a depression the centre of which skirted the NW coast of Scotland. Heaviest rain fell on high ground. Many rivers overflowed their banks and caused considerable damage by flooding, roads were made impassable and railway services were delayed. [2] BR has rainfall distribution map and synoptic charts for 4 and 5 Nov.

    Rainfall: Ulpha 2.68; Duddon Seathwaite Sch 4.43; Hawkshead Tower Bank 2.87; Ambleside Skelwith Fold 3.75; Windermere Hammar Bank 2.68; Windermere Holehird 3.18; Windermere Brockhole 3.21; Ambleside White Craggs 3.64; Ambleside Wansfell 3.32; Ambleside Market Sq 3.57; Rydal Stepping Stones 3.91; Rydal 3.96; Rydal High Close 3.18; Rydal The hall 4.02; Dungeon Ghyll 3.28; Grasmere The Wray 4.29

    Source: BR

  331. 1927-07-05 Lancashire

    Rainfall: West Kirby St Andrews vic 0.63 in 19 m; Southport Hesketh park 0.20 in 6 m

    Source: BR

  332. 1927-07-12 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Poynton waterloo 1.31 in 70 m; Liverpool Monument Place 0.20 in 5 m

    Source: BR

  333. 1927-07-14 Lancashire

    [1] At Strinesdale Reservoir, in the Oldham District, the fall for the rainfall day was 4.21 inches and ' the bulk of this rain fell in from three to four hours.' The storm was local and apparently confined to a width of two miles and travelled up from the south-west, subsequently receding in the same direction.'

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  334. 1927-07-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: The streets in many areas were flooded to a few inches and the river rose very rapidly. A heifer was killed by lightning. The Thursden valley was flooded and a new reservoir there was damaged. The torrent flowed over the bank and flooded the engine room. [2] Nelson, Colne: Floods resulted in the death of a man by drowning at Nelson when he was carried away by the river that flows through Victoria Park. Low lying places and buildings were quickly flooded from the intense rainfall. The subway under the railway between Hibson Road and Hibson Street was flooded to a depth of 4 feet. At the junction of Railway Street and Waids House Road there was flooding to a depth of 2 feet, and similarly at Carr Hall Road. Nearly all the mills in low lying districts were flooded with water finding its way into cellars and warehouses. In the clover Hill district operatives were engaged in baling water out of the mills. In the Netherfield Road and Waterworth street area houses were flooded severely. [3] Place Trawden: The river adjacent to Chapel Street overflowed and carried away a strong stone wall and flowed into the houses to a yard deep. An old resident said that he had not seen anything like it in his 65 years connection with Trawden. Rock Lane and the road in front of residences leading to Stunsteads farm had the road demolished, creating a trench a yard deep in the middle of the road. Huge boulders were carried down to the foot of Rock Lane. Trawden sewage Works was submerged and a nine foot boundary wall was knocked down. The Black Carr Mill and forest shed were both flooded. [4] Place Brierfield: The Every Street District was most affected. Garden crops were destroyed at Fence. [5] BR notes that on July 21st, heavy rain caused severe flooding in the district of Glasgow, the north-east of England generally and near Stalybridge. At Chew Reservoir, a few miles to the east of Oldham, rain began about 15 h. 45 m. and was particularly intense after 16 h. In the Swineshaw Valley, to the north-west, 1.62 inches fell between 15 h. 40 m. and 16 h. 30 m. The run-off was very rapid so that the stream was practically normal the same night.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Nelson 1.45 inches in 24 hours; Stalybridge 1.62 in 50 m

    Source: Burnley Express 23 Jul; BR

  335. 1927-08-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ribbledale: In the Bawdlands district water flowed across fields into a road and several cottages were flooded to a depth of 1 foot (the third time within one month that these houses have been entered). A house at Low Moor and another at Shaw bridge were flooded. Moorland stream became raging cataracts and footpaths were cut into furrows, sweeping away fencing and in some cases sheep which were seen carried down the Ribble.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Daily rainfall for 18th; Bolton W.W. (Delph) 2-51; Brindle (Whiteholme) 3-15; No daily rf given for 20th

    Source: Burnley News 24 Aug; BR

  336. 1928-08-08 Lancashire

    [1] BR reports as follows with the Liverpool Mercury quote “The intense rain at Bidston Observatory, near Liverpool, on the 8th occurred between 17 h. 15 m. and 17 h. 20 m., and is reported as being rather heavier than the last severe thunderstorm which occurred there on July 28th last year. The following details are taken from the Liverpool Post and Mercury for the 9th :— [2] Seldom in this country is the approach of a storm so clearly heralded as was that of the one which struck Liverpool shortly after six o'clock last evening. Passengers on the ferryboats and the waiting crowds on the landing stage saw what appeared to be a wall of thick mist rapidly approaching across the water, and within a few seconds the deluge burst upon them with tropical intensity. [3] So heavy was the downpour that those who were unprepared with mackintoshes or umbrellas were drenched to the skin in the few seconds taken in rushing from the boats to the shelters on the stage. Scores of people ready to cross to the Cheshire side waited for the following steamer, rather than venture into the open the few yards necessary to cross the gangway. [4] In the centre of the city the gutters were turned into foaming waterways in a few minutes, and taxicabs and other vehicles raised showers of spray as they cleft the swimming streets. Water Street, Brunswick Street and James Street were converted into miniature streams. Pedestrians making their way to the pierhead quickly took shelter in shops and office buildings, and watched the water swirl over the kerb on to the pavement. The street grids were inadequate to cope with the fall, and only low spouting fountains indicated their position.'

    Rainfall: Birkenhead Bidston 0.35 in 5 m

    Source: Liverpool Post and Mercury; BR

  337. 1929-07-31 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Southport Hesketh Park 0.20 in 6 m; Nelson Walton Lane 0.32 in 8 m

    Source: BR

  338. 1929-08-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Sabden: Watts Street was flooded as well as one house on Whalley road.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Bolton Queens park 0.50 in 15 m; Bolton, -36 inch fell between 12 h. 55 m. and 13 h. -50 inch by 13 h. 10 m. and -75 inch by 13 h. 35 m.

    Source: Burnley News 10 Aug

  339. 1929-11-11 Lancashire

    [1] Rainfall was widespread throughout England and Wales and a total of 8.31 was recorded in the Rhondda valley. Full description with synoptic chart in BR 1929

    Rainfall: Seathwaite Vic 2.95; Ambleside (White Craggs) 2.59; Rydal (The Hall) 2.57; Grasmere (The Wray) 2.62

    Source: BR

  340. 1930-05-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: Several mills in the Burnley Lane District were flooded and work was suspended. Basements and cellars of houses in Briercliffe road district were flooded in some cases to a depth of several feet. Victoria hospital received much flood water from Haydock Street and the basement of the Institution was flooded to a depth of 3 and a half feet. A culvert under Haydock street gave way and all the houses from 15 to 37 were invaded and the water also affected Wilton Street. Heasandford Mill and the neighbouring Heasandford house were flooded from the goyt which comes down from Rukin valley Farm and the river Doe. The cellar of Baltic Fleet Hotel was flooded to a depth of 8 feet and numbers 50 and 52 on Briercliffe Road were flooded to a depth of one foot. All the mills in the vicinity of elm Street were affected including the Livingstone Mill and Hargreaves New hall Mill.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Burnley Queens Park had a daily total of 1.39 inches and most of this fell in one hour

    Source: Burnley News 28 May

  341. 1930-06-11 Lancashire

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  342. 1930-06-18 Lancashire

    [1] Place Chorley: two men struck by lightning and injured. Lower parts of the town were flooded as drains were unable to take the flow. Market Street was affected (including the royal billiard Hall) and at one time had 12 inches of water. Shops and cellars were flooded and a sewer burst in Moor road flooding neighbouring property. There was extensive flooding at several local mills and in some work had to be suspended. Leyland Works was flooded. Brown’s Mill was flooded. [2] Place Burnley: Flooding at Manchester Road, Summit interrupted the tram service. Houses were flooded at read and in the Sabden Valley. Kemp’s weaving shed at read was flooded from a sudden rush of water.In hambleden view several houses were flooded to a depth of 2 feet and the Stork Hotel was also flooded. The Baltic fleet Hotel in Briercliffe road had again water in its cellar but not as bad as in May but the two neighbouring cottages were flooded. There was again a certain amount of flooding at Livingstone Mill and New Hall Mill in Elm Street. At Higher Trapp the water broke down walls and piled stones on the roadway in whins Lane and excavations 3 or 4 feet deep were made. [3] Place Sabden: Walls were knocked over on the Whalley Sabden road. The road was torn up on the Clitheroe Road. Many houses were flooded as the water rushed down the streets in great volume. [4] River Ribble: The torrential rain is believed to have been the cause of the complete destruction of fish life in the Ribble for a length of 30 miles from the junction with the Calder to the sea. Fish were found dead in the deposited sludge – roach, dace, gudgeon, eels etc. This was caused by flood waters in the Calder, Darwen etc. As a result of 2 inches of rain in a very short period.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Sabden Whinns House 2.66 in 2 h

    Source: Lancs evg post 19 Jun; Burnley News 21 Jun; Lancs Evg post 28 Jul

  343. 1930-08-29 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bolton: Hailstones were packed together to give pieces of ice. [2] Place Buxton: Very large hailstones also occurred. In the Guyt Valley near the Cat and Fiddle, the rain was described as a cloudburst and the stream rose at an astonishing rate and soon became a torrent. Trees were uprooted and two stone bridges were swept away. [3] Place Burnley: Streets were quickly transformed into flowing streams but there were comparatively few instances of flooding. One schoolroom was flooded and the Bankhouse Shed was affected. [4] At Helmshore, near Manchester, the observer notes that, ' the hailstones were fully the size of pullet eggs ' [5] BR quotes an observer that “on the west side of the Goyt Valley there was an area of rainfall of tremendous intensity, for on the sites of what are normally very small tributary streams flowing in from the west, great masses of rocks and boulders have been hurled down and a chasm fifty yards across has been torn in the valley side. About 2 miles from its source an old set of stepping-stones has been entirely removed and the whole aspect of the spot changed. I was told that the water came down in a great wave several feet high.'

    Rainfall: Thuderstorms after a heatwave in which 46 deaths were reported; 94F reported in London; Hail in some places as big as pigeon’s eggs.; Helmshore Clough House 1.18 in 30 m; Goyt Valley Oldfield 1.70 in 70 m; Goyt valley Upper Hall 1.40 in 70 m; Storms were reported in Scotland, Wales and London etc.

    Source: Lancs evg Post 30 Aug; Burnley News 30 Aug; BR

  344. 1930-09-11 Lancashire

    [1] The storm was said to be very local.

    Rainfall: Formby The Dunes 1.53 in 75 m

    Source: BR

  345. 1931-06-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: Reference back from later flood to the flood a week previous when water in some houses reached a depth of 4 feet and left behind quantities of sand and sewage.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Lancs Evg post 15 Jun

  346. 1931-06-14 Lancashire

    [1] Concurrently line squall gave thunderstorms and intense rains in the Midlands and a tornado in Birmingham. In the Lake district there was a ‘cloudburst at Bootle as follows: [2] THE CLOUDBURSTS NEAR BOOTLE (CUMBERLAND) JUNE 14th, 1931. F. Hudleston [3] On the afternoon of Sunday, June 14th, 1931, thunderstorms and very heavy rain occurred over the whole of north-western England and cloudbursts were reported at various places [4] Place Burnley: Thunderstorm for an hour and a half. Flooding of houses occurred in the Brunshaw area. In Brockenhourst Street cellars and kitchens were flooded to a depth of 10 to 12 inches. Drains were incapable of coping and manhole covers were lifted. Elsewhere in the town cellars and lower floors were flooded to a couple of inches. [5] Place Clitheroe: The church at Waddington was struck by lightning and the roof was damaged leading to internal flooding; a brook running through the village rose a yard in 15 minutes and houses at the lower end of the village were flooded. Two cottages at Leewood Brow were flooded. The flood seemed to be initiated near Cob Castle on Waddington Fell and the road down from Moorcock Inn became like a river carrying all before it before reaching the Ribble at Brungerley. The teahouse attached to the Moorcock Inn at the foot of Waddington Fell was flooded. The streets were littered with debris and trout and large quanties of tar macadam were ripped up. At least 30 cottages were flooded. The Higher Buck Hotel and Dugdale’s shop were also flooded. Lower down the village houses that usually stand high above flood level were also flooded and beyond the church several farms and cottages were also flooded. Sheep and poultry were carried away. A camping party at Waddington Fell heard an unaccountable roar before the flood swept away a wall close to the camp and they had to make a bolt for it through swirling waters. [6] Place Chorley: Low lying parts of Chorley and district were flooded in some cases to a depth of over one foot. A manhole top was blown off in Astley Park. The heavy rain was accompanied by strong winds (which blew away Jubilee decorations). [7] Place Fleetwood: the thunderstorm lasted over an hour. Water entered homes in Milton Street, Poulton Road, Warrenhurst road, Park Avenue, Birch Street and Willow Street. [8] Lytham St Annes: Some streets were flooded axle deep at Church Road, St Annes and Freckleton Street, Lytham. Heavy rains at Warton flooded the main Preston to Lytham road to a depth of 3 feet. [9] Place Blackpool: Thunderstorm for nearly 3 hours. Houses were flooded in the Victoria Road District in some cases to over one foot deep and two feet deep on the streets. There was reference back to the previous flood which was even more serious; in this case there was no sewage in the flood. Rain made cracks in the macadam at Whitegate Drive and the tram service was suspended. [10] Place Lancaster: Manhole covers were forced open and the road surface lifted by the force of water, including Railways Street, South Road, Penny Street Bridge, Quarry Road, Bowerham street and Owen Road. Houses in emerson Street, Scotforth were flooded and shops in Lower Church Street were flooded to several inches. The water was several inches deep in the Parade Room of the Town Hall. [11] At Dolphinholme the River Wyre was in full spate and farmers had to drive cattle, knee-deep to safety. [12] Place Hoghton: The Boar’s Head Hotel was flooded to 5 or 6 feet in the cellars and other neighbouring property suffered. [13] Place Preston: Torrentil rains lasted two hours and many streets of the town were underwater, the drains being incapable of carrying the flow. Damage was done in the Tulketh road district of Ashton on Ribble; a shop cellar was flooded to road level and subsidence occurred; a score of houses were flooded seriously and dozens of others required mopping up. Other parts of the town were affected to a lesser extent; a cellar of a hotel in Deepdale was flooded. In the avenue in Moor Park the water accumulated to a depth of several inches.At Caterall, the Calder overflowed on to the Preston Lancaster Road to a depth of up to 4 feet. [14] At Walton le Dale many cottages were flooded and water flowed into the subway at Bamber Bridge. [15] Place Hale: Low lying houses and works in the Hale district were flooded. [16] Stockport, Heavilly: the main Buxton road was flooded to a depth of 3 to 4 feet. Cellars of shops were flooded. [17] Place Bury: Cellars and shops were flooded and residents waded knee-deep among their furniture

    Rainfall: Barrow-in-Furness (Gas Works) 3.00; Barrow-in-Furness (Sewage Works) 2.65; Southport Hesketh Park 0.39 in 10 m; Burnley 0.87 inches in one hour; Blackpool 1.53 inches between 1 pm and 6 pm; Widespread storms and floods occurred in SW, London and midlands.

    Source: BR; Burnley News 17 Jun; Lancs Evg. Post 15 Jun

  347. 1931-06-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: Pumps are working night and day in the Victoria Street district after another thunderstorm today where houses have been flooded to a depth of 3 feet and cellars engulfed in three storms during the previous 10 days.

    Rainfall: 2-hour thunderstorm after recent previous thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 17 Jun

  348. 1931-08-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: Flooding was reported in several districts but the damage was said to be light. Effects were mainly from lightning which struck and damaged houses and affected electrical fittings. At the junction of Bacup Road and Todmorden Road the water was about a foot deep. The Rivers Calder and Brun were bank high. Clowbridge had its greatest flood for many years and a number of houses and cellars were flooded. Oak Mill was flooded to 4 inches. A footbridge was washed away at Dunnockbridge Farm. Water swept down Swinshaw Lane carrying stones which blocked the road. At Lovecroft houses were flooded to several inches. On the Bacup Road several houses were flooded and a cow was killed by lightning. [2] Place Haslingden: In the Acre district damage was done by the bursting of culverts and Acre Mill Lodge overflowed. The pressure on the culvert blew up parts of Pilling Street where water rushed 10 inches deep through houses and cellars were flooded to nearly 8 feet.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley News 19 Aug; Burnley Express 19 Aug

  349. 1931-08-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Darwen: Scores of houses were flooded and several mills had to be stopped because of water coming through the roof. The main roads in the town were turned into lakes with the water spurting up from the drains to the height of a few feet. In Bridge Street and Market Street where the roads were turned into rivers, shops premises were affected and had their cellars flooded. Paving stones were dislodged in the steep Wraith Street. In Police Street the water entered the police station by the back yard. Furniture and carpets were floating about in the stream that inundated a row of cottages between Hillside Avenue and Astley Bank. A chip shop opposite Bury Fold was inundated to at least a foot. Four houses in Union Street, two in Hollins Grove Street, two in Blackburn Road and three in Greenwood Street were also flooded. A house at 222 Bolton road was also badly flooded. [2] Place Withnell: the main Blackburn Wigan line was flooded to a depth of several feet at Withnell Station. Water rushed between the platforms of the moorland station like a stream in spate; it caused damage to the embankment. [3] Place Chorley: Low lying streets were flooded; there was no mention of houses. [4] Place Blackburn: Lightning fused lights in the centre of town and stopped the railway clock. Houses had furniture damaged by the flood, pavements were lifted by the water and much litter was left in the streets. Blakewater foundry at the bottom of Addison Street was flooded and left with a covering of mud. Shops were damaged by lightning. [5] Place Sawley: Near Smithies Bridge the water was nearly a foot deep on the road. Several houses in Sawley were flooded as water swept down the hillside. [6] Place Accrington: A five year old boy fell in the River Hyndburn and was washed away and drowned. No parts of Accrington were seriously flooded. The road at Church Railway Bridge was several feet under water.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Southport hesketh Park 0.39 in 13 m; Liverpool Monument Place 0.78 in 15 m; Darwen: over an inch of rain in less than half an hour

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 20 Aug

  350. 1932-07-11 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: ‘This was one of the worst floods Burnley has experienced’. Burnley Lane was the area most affected and from Harle Syke to Duke Bar, Briercliffe road was submerged causing havoc to property on the level with the road. The drains were quite inadequate. The stream which flows into Harle Syke Mill caused the reservoir to overflow and pour down the Burnley Road forming a lake near Briercliffe Mill where the boilerhouses was flooded to 4 to 5 feet. Surface water from Finsley Hill poured down Milton Street and Finsley Street. Under the Central club the water was 6 to 7 feet deep. Houses in Oaken Place were badly flooded and in Cop Row the water rose to about 3 feet. Houses were flooded in Haydock Street and the cellars of Victoria Hospital were flooded to a depth of 3 feet. The cellars of the Baltic fleet Hotel were flooded to a depth of 15 feet and water spilled on to the ground floor; two cottages next door were also flooded level with table tops. [2] Pendle Hill: Walkers on the hill were caught in the storm and made their way with difficulty to the New Inn Barley. [3] Place Nelson: It was said to be the worst storm in 21 years. Extensive damage was done in Railway Street and Hibson road areas. Basements of mills and houses were flooded some to a depth of 3 feet. The cellar of Elliott Printers was flooded to a depth of 8 feet and the stock ruined. The Engineers Arms in Sagar street was flooded with barrels of beer floating about. Houses were struck by lightning and damaged. Flooding occurred at the Lomeshaye Mill and also in the Valley Mills area. Many houses in the low lying areas of Barrowford were also flooded and the crick ground at Seedhill was covered. [4] Place Colne: A house was struck by lightning and damaged. Mills in North Valley and Waterside were flooded but the worst experience was at Vivary Bridge Mill and Greenfield Mil. The Market hall was also flooded. [5] Place Barnoldswick: Ouseldale Foundry was struck by lightning and demolished and other houses were struck and damaged. Much damage was done by flooding from becks which supply the cotton mills. Water poured into the weaving shed at Clough Mill and people had to be rescued. Most of the town’s 4000 cotton workers are out of work. Shops near Butts Beck were flooded and furniture smashed and carried into the streets. Sheep cattle and pigs were drowned. [6] Place Blackpool: there was flooding in Milton Street up to a depth of 1 foot. [7] Place Lancaster: Shops in Lower Church Street were flooded to a depth of several inches [8] New Mills (Derbyshire): A woman was killed by lightning

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm most severe and widespread in east south of England and Midlands. Two killed by lightning in Bradford and Derbyshire.; More than 3 inches was recorded over small areas near Stalybridge. As much as 4.74 inches was measured at Broadbottom (Harewood Lodge) (Cheshire) and 5-33 inches at Barnoldswick (Rainhall Road),this fall being the largest daily rainfall in 1932. At Barnoldswick (White Moor Pumping Station) rain commenced after 13h. 30m. and was at its heaviest at 15h. 30m. and was practically continuous in a heavy downpour up to Ih. on the 12th. During the first two hours hail as large as a shilling and up to half an inch thick was experienced.; More than 2 inches was also recorded over small areas at Retford and Bawtry, to the south of Tadcaster, and at Knaresborough, Thirsk and Pickering, while more than 3 inches fell at Felixkirk near Thirsk.

    Source: Burnley Express 16 Jul; Lancs Evg post 11; 12 Jul; BR

  351. 1932-08-12 Lancashire

    [1] Northwest information is about the intense heat and people sleeping out in their gardens!

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following 3 days of intense heat affecting London E Anglia Scotland and elsewhere

    Source: Lancs Evg post 12 Aug

  352. 1933-05-20 Lancashire

    Rainfall: West Kirby 0.24 in 5 m

    Source: BR

  353. 1933-06-08 Lancashire

    [1] Bleasdale(Between Preston and Lancaster): A great volume of water came down the River Brock like a tidal wave and bathers at Brock bridge managed to escape only in the nick of time. ‘The river was at a low level and a group of children were paddling about on the concrete bed above the fall which was carrying about 2 or 3 inches of water. Other parts of the bed were dry and on these picknickers had established themselves. Rumbling in the distance was persistent thunder but this was too far away to anticipate any interference. A woman upstream was seen to be waving excitedly and at the same time they caught sight of the river, a few seconds ago placid and serene, now a high wall of frothing water racing down with such force that the banks were unable to confine it. The party had a wild scramble to get away from the river bed before the swelling volume of water descended on them. Two boys were fortunate to get hold of a tree branch and drag themselves clear just as the torrent reached them. Possessions including a purse and camera were lost in the rush’ [2] Place Burnley: There was no flooding but two houses were damaged by lightning. [3] Place Garstang: A mare was killed by lightning. [4] Calder Vale: Hailstones the size of large marbles fell and much damage was done to orchards and growing crops. [5] Place Manchester: Lightning disrupted tram services. The deluge flooded many parts of the city to 18 inches, holding up traffic [6] Bentham, Arnside, Silverdale: A thunderstorm was also reported but no details of damage given

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following a heatwave with temperature around 85F every day for a week

    Source: Lancs Evg post 9 Jun

  354. 1933-06-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: Intense rainfall for nearly an hour flooded streets and cellars. [2] Bootle (Merseyside): A youth was drowned whilst attempting to cycle through floods. [3] Place Chorley: A house was struck by lightning and partially wrecked. [4] BR notes that Mr. H. J. Bigelstone, the observer at Bidston Observatory, states that ' the storm appears to have travelled from North Wales, passing over Birkenhead and Wallasey, and finally over Liverpool, in the Bootle, Litherland and Seaforth districts of which its greatest violence was reached.' (See the Meteorological Magazine for 1933, pp. 131-4).

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Litherland Hatton Hill Pk 1.20 in 30 m; Birkenhead Bidston 0.79 in 30 m

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 21 Jun; BR

  355. 1933-07-07 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: Two balls of fire were seen and people were thrown off their feet but the storm only lasted half an hour and no flooding was reported. [2] Southport, Banks: A house was struck by lightning and damaged. [3] Preston, Ashton: Fifty houses were flooded some to more than one foot. The greatest problem was near the foot of Tulketh Road where water rushed down the steep part of the street. In Beverley Street the water was a foot deep in houses in less than a quarter of an hour. There was a miniature lake near the Grand Junction Hotel and some nearby houses were flooded. The storm began with a whirlwind which removed a pile of sand in a side street and swept along Fishergate rendering observation difficult. [4] Place Leyland: the storm was accompanied by a heave fall of hailstones. Lightning struck and damaged a house. [5] Great Harwood: A downpour turned the streets into rivers for a short time (the storm followed shortly after an earthquake of sufficient strength to send people out into the streets). [6] Place Fleetwood: Over a dozen streets and back streets were flooded to a depth of several feet. Warrenhurst road was worst affected with water several feet deep in gardens and up to the doorsteps of houses. Other flooded streets were, Milton Street, Ash Street, Blackiston Street, Park Avenue, Birch Street, Oak Street and Belmont Road. In Poulton Road the water was so deep that traffic had to be diverted and a portion of Lord Street was flooded. Buildings were struck and damaged by lightning. Cellars in Hesketh Street were flooded to a few inches and stalls in the Market Place suffered damage. [7] Place Lancaster: The fall of lumps of ice as big as a man’s fist was the principal feature of the storm at Lancaster. They broke car windows and house windows and splintered in the roadway. The gutters were soon flooded with rain water. The County court was adjourned when the noise of hail drowned speech and then windows were broken by the hail [8] Place Morecambe: Hailstones as big as marbles broke several windows and hundreds of basements were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; West Kirby 0.60 in 15 m

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 7 Jul

  356. 1933-09-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: Houses were struck and damaged by lightning. [2] Place Colne: Hailstones soon covered the ground and several streets were flooded including several houses in the Windy Bank and Waterside Districts. Vivary Bridge Mill was flooded. [3] Place Barnoldswick: A boy was struck by lightning whilst cycling but did not sustain serious injuries. Houses in the lower part of the town at Bankfield Crow Nest and Wellhouse Mills were flooded. [4] Place Worsthorne: There were several cases of flooding in the village.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following a severe drought

    Source: Burnley Express 23 sep

  357. 1935-04-23 Lancashire

    [1] Place Darwen: Two adjoining houses were struck by lightning and caused serious damage. Heavy rain was reported but no flooding.

    Rainfall: thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 24 Apr

  358. 1935-06-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bootle: Floods occurred in Hawthorne Road for the first time in nearly 30 years. [2] Place Longton: A man was knocked unconscious by lightning. [3] The storm was reported in Liverpool, Preston, Longridge with lightning effects but no flooding reported.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Rainfall figures in LEP were generally around 0.50 inches.

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 15 Jun

  359. 1935-06-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Lancaster: It caught the fringe of the storm. The storm battered plants and gardens and excited tourists but caused no flooding. Thunderstorms were also reported in other parts of North Lancashire but no flooding was reported.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms esp in Glasgow area but not so much in Lancs. Following a heatwave

    Source: Lancs Evg post 24 Jun

  360. 1935-07-17 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Liverpool Monument Place 1.00 in 60 m

    Source: BR

  361. 1935-09-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: The storm caused extensive flooding in the low lying parts of town. A culvert carrying the Moor Brook burst in Tulketh Road, breaking up the roadway, flooding houses and entering the Public Hall cellars. The burst water spouted as high as the first floor windows. Setts from the roadway were thrown 30 yards. The worst effects of the flood were in the Watery Lane district where 40 houses were flooded to a depth of 1 to 2 feet. The water was 3 feet deep on Liverpool Road. Beverley Street and Trevor Street were also flooded. [2] Place Longridge: The golf club clubhouse was flooded to a depth of 1 foot to 18 inches. [3] Place Ormskirk: there was flooding at Wigan Road and Aughton Street. Near brookacre bridge on Aughton Street some houses were flooded to a depth of 9 inches. [4] Place Southport: LEP 25 Sep shows a picture of road flooding at Lord Street, Southport. [5] Place Croston: The Methodist school was severely damaged by lightning.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Preston daily rainfall 1.75 inches but 1.35 in a short period (unspecified); Manchester Barton 0.20 in 5 m

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 23 Sep; BR

  362. 1935-09-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: the railway between Rochdale and Bacup was stopped by a landslide and the line from Lancs to Yorks was flooded in the tunnel at Summit. [2] Place Bacup: many houses and some factories were flooded. [3] Place Littleborough: A great part of the town was under water to a depth of 2 to 3 feet. [4] Place Ramsbottom: the River Irwell reached its greatest height ‘within living memory’ and overflowed at several points in the Rossendale Valley. At Stubbins the road was flooded to a depth of 4 to 5 feet. At Shuttleworth a row of 12 houses was flooded for the second time in three days and a large part of Shuttleworth Paper Mill and offices was flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: Lancs Evg post 25 Sep

  363. 1936-01-05 Lancashire

    [1] Flooding occurred in the north of England including the Mersey, Irk, Irwell and Conway. No reference in BR to rainfall totals for S Lancs.

    Rainfall: Rydal (High Close) 2.6; Grasmere (Huntingstile) 2.69; New Dungeon Ghyll Hotel 4; Kentmere Head Reservoir 2.67

    Source: BR

  364. 1936-06-21 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Knutsford 0.88 in 25 m; Daily rainfalls on 22nd; Oldham (Brushes Clough).. 2-69 Garstang (Barnacre Res.) 2-63; New Hey (Sewage Works) 2-87

    Source: BR

  365. 1936-07-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Nelson: Cellars in some houses in Gisburn Road were flooded as was also a shop on Railway Street near the railway bridge. The subway landing from Hibson Road to the station was flooded to a depth of 1 foot

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Burnley Express 4 Jul

  366. 1936-08-10 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Leyland Worden Hall (S of Preston) 1.97 in 95 m (1.50 in 1 h)

    Source: BR

  367. 1936-09-03 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Eccles 0.88 in 12 m; Wirswall Hall 1.48 in 60 m

    Source: BR

  368. 1936-12-13 Lancashire

    [1] Lancaster was isolated from the south for the greater part of 14th with rail communication cut off from Preston. Extensive heavy rainfall also occurred in Wales and caused flooding on the River Usk and in N Wales.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  369. 1937-08-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: There were miniature lakes in the streets and manhole covers forced off. However there was no flooding of property. Buildings were struck by lightning and damaged.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 13 Aug; BR

  370. 1937-08-13 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Stonyhurst College 0.80 in 30 m

    Source: BR

  371. 1937-08-14 Lancashire

    [1] ' The rainfall in Liverpool was the most abnormal for more than 20 years, according to Corporation official records. Between 22h. last night and 9h. this morning, 1 -39 inch of rain fell. After slight flooding in the Bootle, Litherland and Seaforth area yesterday afternoon, further serious flooding occurred shortly before midnight, and barely had the residents left their homes when a cloudburst at 2h. to-day caused the worst flooding yet experienced. There was 8 feet of water in Akenside Street, Bootle, and several houses were flooded. There were reports that several houses were struck during the storm, but no serious damage occurred. Lightning struck the chimney-stack at the home of Mrs. Mary Lynch, in Marsh Lane, and a number of bricks were dislodged. Passengers were unable to enter Seaforth railway station until the railway company placed seats in the flood water to enable them to reach the entrance.'

    Rainfall: Liverpool Monument Place 0.85 in 15 m

    Source: BR; Liverpool Evg Express (from BR)

  372. 1937-08-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackburn: The storm lasted nearly 2 hours. Houses were inundated in many low lying parts of town. The water under the bridge in Galligreaves Street was between 5 and 6 feet deep. The traffic island in Brownhill was completely submerged and the cellars were flooded in a neighbouring hotel. Houses on the Wilpshire of the traffic island were flooded with water bursting through the back doors. In Primrose Terrace houses between number 2 and 26 and a Coop shop were flooded to a depth of 7 to 10 inches, leaving three inches of mud and slime. Houses in Bower Street were also flooded. The setts on Bolton Road at the junction with Longshaw Street were forced up and flags on the footpath displaced. [2] Place Whalley: New Road residents escaped as the water just reached the steps of their houses. In the Waterfall district the weaving shed of the Primrose Mill was flooded to a depth of several inches.

    Rainfall: Manchester Oldham Rd 0.87 in 30 m

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 31 Aug; BR

  373. 1938-05-31 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: At Litherland some homes were flooded to the window sills and residents remained upstairs after heavy rain coincided with a high tide on the River Mersey

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: The Times 31 May 1938

  374. 1938-08-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale: lightning caused fires at two mills. [2] Place Nelson: Carr Road was flooded to a depth of 8 inches and manhole covers were lifted off.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with houses struck in Barrowford, Rochdale and Mossley; Frodsham Castle Pk Cheshire 1.10 in 60 m

    Source: Lancs Evg post 5 Aug; BR

  375. 1938-08-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Merseyside: The area experienced the worst thunderstorm ‘in living memory’. Included in the effects were, the flooding of part of the new Queensway tunnel (3 inches of water for 100 yards), a Congregational church in Garston Old Road struck by lightning, a rail line flooded and blocked by landslide and people marooned in their houses. In Irving Street, Litherland, water reached a depth of 5 to 6 feet and surged through the houses. Houses were struck and seriously damaged by lightning. [2] Place Southport: Houses were struck by lightning. [3] BR reports that of the two falls in Lancashire that at Liverpool ranks as 'remarkable.' The City Engineer reports that 1.14 inch fell between 6h. and 6h. 24m. Mr. J. Whiteby, of Broadway (BucklandManor) reports that 1.77 inch occurred between Ih. and 3h. during a violent thunderstorm accompanied by hailstones of unusual size.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Kirkby 1.61 in 2 h; Liverpool Monument Pl 1.14 in 20 m

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 6 Aug; BR

  376. 1938-08-08 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: Some streets were flooded. [2] Lytham St Annes: Several streets were flooded inches deep.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Blackpool 0.48 inch within 20 minutes

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 8 Aug

  377. 1938-08-09 Lancashire

    [1] Rainfall at Wallasey, St. Helen's, rank as ' remarkable.' At Wallasey 1.80 inch fell between 14h. 25m. and 16h. 10m., of which 0.81 inch fell in the last 30 minutes. Mr. W. H. Pilkington, of Windle Hall, St. Helen's, reports that 1.66 inch fell in 80 minutes from 16h. 50m. to 18h. 10m. mainly between 17h. and 17h. 30m.

    Rainfall: St Helens Windle Hall 1.66 in 80 m; Wallasey New Brighton 1.80 in 105 m (0.81 in 30 m); Temperatures reached 79F locally

    Source: BR; The Times 10 Aug

  378. 1938-08-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Macclesfield: A silk mill at Macclesfield was struck, set alight and completely gutted. [2] Place Manchester: Many streets were flooded up to 3 feet deep severely restricting traffic movement. Water poured through the roof of Victoria Station and flooded the bookstall. [3] Place Macclesfield: A silk factory was struck by lightning and burnt out in a short time. [4] Place Bacup: Greenend Fibre Mill was struck and partly destroyed by fire. Another mill was so badly flooded that the workforce was sent home. [5] Place Walsden: the rail line was flooded and traffic held up. [6] Place Bolton: the Bolton Wanderers ground at Burnden Park was flooded. [7] Place Preston: two cows were killed by lightning. [8] Place Clitheroe: Holmes Mill was flooded to 4 inches. In North Street, Bawdlands and Whalley road housewives struggled to keep water from their houses. There was a pool four feet deep under the Waddington Road railway bridge. Water swept from side streets into Waterloo Road and the cellar of the Royal Oak Hotel was flooded. The Oddfellows Arms at Wellgate was flooded. Sheep and lambs were killed at Grindleton [9] Place Morecambe: A woman was struck and injured. [10] Place Preston: Flooding occurred between Addison Road and Lytham Road in the vicinity of the cattle market. A shop was flooded to a few inches. Surrounding areas were little affected.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms; Clitheroe 1.37 inches in one hour; Preston 1.15 inches in one hour; Chatburn House 1.15 in 45 m; Hutton Hort Stn 1.15 in 60 m; Times notes storm extended from Bacup to Macclesfield

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 12 Aug; BR; The Times 13 Aug 1938

  379. 1939-07-16 Lancashire

    [1] BR reports that at Knutsford the storm was local, flooding occurred and lightning caused some damage in the district. At Hartford, in the same county, -97 inch fell in 40 minutes, commencing at 15h. 5m., the roads soon becoming flooded. The thundery conditions continued at Hartford until the 24th, half-an-inch occurring on the 19th, 20th and 21st.

    Rainfall: Hartford Hollybank Cheshire 0.97 in 40 m; Knutsford 1.70 in 70 m

    Source:

  380. 1939-08-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: Rain continued for 2 hours and in the main streets the water was several inches deep. [2] Place Lytham: The station was flooded

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 21 Aug

  381. 1940-07-14 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Northwich Sandiway WW 1.20 in 15 m; Cuddington Cheshire 1.16 in 15 m; Northwich 1.11 in 35 m

    Source: BR

  382. 1940-09-16 Lancashire

    [1] BR notes several daily totals at Slaidburn over 3 inches but notes that elsewhere the rainfall was mainly orographic and prolonged.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  383. 1941-06-22 Lancashire

    [1] A breech was caused in the Peak Forest Canal bank due to a culvert becoming surcharged, and considerable damage occurred at Waterside Mill, Disley. At Kinder Filters, 2.26 inches occurred in four hours beginning at 14h., while between 14h. 45m. and 17h. 15m., 3.14 inches fell at Romiley, 8½ miles south-east of Manchester. Here there were occasional heavy bursts of hail and frequent lightning flashes.

    Rainfall: Buxton Goytshead 1.63 in 90 m; Rainow the Clough 1.82 in 90 m; Disley Cheshire 2.55 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  384. 1941-07-12 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Southport Gosforth Rd 1.83 in 35 m; Southport Hesketh Pk 1.09 in 15 m; There was an associated gale

    Source: BR

  385. 1942-08-02 Lancashire

    [1] At Manchester, 2.32 inches was recorded in the 12 hours commencing at 21h. on the 2nd.

    Rainfall: No heavy rainfall in short period.

    Source: BR

  386. 1943-07-05 Lancashire

    Rainfall: West Kirby St Andrews Cheshire 1.28 in 90 m

    Source: BR

  387. 1944-05-29 Lancashire

    [1] On the 29th rain of abnormal intensity fell over the southern Pennines from between Stockport and Glossop in the west to Sheffield in the east, especially in the neighbourhood of Holmfirth. ' Very rare ' falls for the region of greatest severity are not included in the Table on account of the lack of sufficiently accurate details. In some Sheffield suburbs there were heavy falls of hail. At Fulwood, near Weston Park, Mr. J. W. Baggaley reported hailstones mainly of clear ice ½ to 1 inch in diameter and of irregular shape. [2] On the 29th and 30th a shallow depression over France extended northwards and was associated with widespread thunderstorms, accompanied locally by heavy rain and hail. Mr. J. P. Beveridge estimated that about 2 inches fell between 15h. and 16h. in the Digby Valley and there was considerable damage to property from flooding. [3] The storm affected Holmfirth, Meltham (Yorks) and Glossop (NW). The Glossop Brook quickly swelled 20 feet above its normal level in a few minutes, rushing into the ground floors of more than 300 houses, breaking down doors and in some cases walls

    Rainfall: Hayfield Kinder filters Derbyshire 2.55 in 73 m; Arnfield Resver Cheshire 1.16 in 73 m; Woodhead resvr Cheshire 1.94 in 2 h

    Source: BR; Daily Mail 9 Jun 1944

  388. 1944-05-30 Lancashire

    [1] At Leyland, Lancashire, there was heavy hail, some stones measuring 3 ¾ inches in circumference.

    Rainfall: Darwen Bold Venture Pk 1.51 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  389. 1944-08-23 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Southport 0.93 in 50 m

    Source: BR

  390. 1945-07-09 Lancashire

    [1] On the 9th, 0.70 inch fell in 40 minutes at Hesketh Park, Southport, causing heavy flooding. On this day 0.62 in. of rain fell at Preston in 20 minutes beginning 17h. 15m.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  391. 1945-07-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Clitheroe: Drains were surcharged and manhole covers were blown off and fountains spurted from road and footpath. Wellgate was like a river with a big lagoon under Waddington Road railway bridge. Water flowed into houses in Bawdlands, Whalley Road, Railway View, and Kirkmoor road with heavy damage to furniture.A trail of mud was left. [2] Place Burnley: A manhoe cover was blown off and the roadway at Manchester road and Rosehill Road was flooded. No flooding of property was reported. [3] Place Blackburn: The storm lasted half an hour and was accompanied by hailstones of exceptional size. Roads were flooded but there was no reference to property. However, in great Horwood the Wellington Hotel on Queen Street was flooded and properties were flooded in Spring Street, Rishton. [4] Place Accrington: Hail bigger than mothballs fell in the Spring Garden District. Rivulets poured down the steep slopes in spring Hill and the Grange Lane districts. Several houses and a shop were flooded in Frederick Street to knee depth. Manhole covers were blown off at a number of points and the macadam surface at Willows Lane was disrupted.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Clitheroe 0.90 inch in 10 minutes; Burnley 0.50 inches in 15 minutes; Burnley temperature 78F; West Kirby St Andrews Vic 0.93 in 15 m; Neston Cheshire 1.65 in 20 m

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 16 Jul; BR

  392. 1945-07-16 Lancashire

    Rainfall: West Kirby St Andrews Vic 0.55 in 10 m

    Source: BR

  393. 1945-08-29 Lancashire

    [1] Place Preston: Minor flooding occurred and a house was struck and damaged by lightning. [2] Place Chorley: Lightning struck several houses

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Daily totals; Rochdale (Springmill) 2-90; Rochdale (Cowm Whitworth) 3-45 Bacup (Sheephouse Reservoir) 2-88 Bacup (L.M.S. Railway) 2-84

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 29 Aug; BR

  394. 1946-06-12 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: There was minor flooding in the lower parts of the town. [2] Place Nelson: A farm barn was struck by lightning and the contents destroyed.

    Rainfall: thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley express 15 Jun

  395. 1946-06-23 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Sale Carrington Lane 0.80 in 26 m

    Source: BR

  396. 1946-07-26 Lancashire

    [1] BR notes that in the West riding of Yorkshire and also in the Manchester area flooding and damage were exceptionally severe.

    Rainfall: Arnfield resvr Cheshire 1.67 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  397. 1946-07-27 Lancashire

    [1] Place Nelson: Following local thunderstorms the fire brigade were engaged in pumping out water from underneath houses in Waids House Road where the water depth was said to have reached 10 feet.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley express 31 Jul

  398. 1946-09-01 Lancashire

    [1] BR reports that Heavy thunderstorms occurred in many parts of the country on September 1 and heavy rains caused flooding and dislocation of railway services in Lancashire and Yorkshire.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  399. 1947-05-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Blackpool: A house was damaged by lightning. [2] Place Blackburn: The town experienced a short thunderstorm and the fire service were called to pump water from various premises

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Lancs Evg Post 30 May

  400. 1947-07-14 Lancashire

    [1] BR reports that in Manchester, main-line railway services were held up through floods. The Manchester Evening News reported that at Wilbraham Road Station the flood-water ' first crept along the side of the track then swept down in one big wave, lapping just below the edge of the platform.'

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  401. 1947-07-16 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Rochdale Roch Mills STW 1.05 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  402. 1947-09-16 Lancashire

    [1] Because of the preceding drought no flooding was reported.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following dry weather; Preston, Hutton 0.25 inches in 15 minutes

    Source: Lancs Evg post 16 Sep

  403. 1947-11-11 Lancashire

    [1] Unsettled conditions with frequent heavy rains in northern and western districts characterised November 1947. On the 11th, which provides the longest lists of heavy falls for any day in 1947, more than 3 inches was recorded widely in the Pennines and the English Lake District. There was more than half-an-inch over most parts of central and southern Scotland, the Pennines and northern England. There was serious flooding in Wensleydale and other parts of Yorkshire and Lancashire.

    Rainfall: Coniston (Holywath) 3.4; Hawes Junction (Moorland Cottage) 3.28; Ambleside (Market Square) 3.36; Rydal (High Close) 3.62

    Source: BR

  404. 1948-07-31 Lancashire

    [1] BR reports that much damage by lightning and severe flooding over much of Lancashire and Yorkshire. At Southport the storm was described as of almost tropical fury ; 1.68 inch of rain fell in 35 minutes and the Fire Brigade had to deal with more than 60 calls for assistance in relieving the flood. Banks, shops and cinemas were in some cases several feet under water and the famous Lord Street was awash from end to end.

    Rainfall: Denton Resvr 1.22 in 45 m; Gorton Resvr 1.16 in 45 m; Southport Hesketh Pk 1.67 in 35 m

    Source: BR

  405. 1949-07-13 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: No damage reported her but the rain was welcomed. [2] Place Liverpool: Two men had to swim to safety when their car was trapped in eight feet of water. [3] Place Warrington: A main road caved in. [4] Place Chorley: A cow was killed by lightning and another in Winsford Cheshire.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm after more than a month of dry weather and temperatures before the storm of 85F

    Source: Burnley Express 16 Jul

  406. 1949-08-02 Lancashire

    [1] Place Padiham: There was flooding at Britannia Mill and work discontinued in the weaving shed. [2] Place Burnley: Water forced up the surface of Brunshaw Road when the drains were unable to cope with the heavy downpour.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley Express 3 Aug

  407. 1949-09-24 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Rawenstall Green fold Resvr 0.48 in 5 m (2.58 in day on 23rd )

    Source: BR

  408. 1950-08-22 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: two houses were struck by lightning. In spite of heavy downpours there were no reports of flooding in Burnley or Padiham. [2] BR notes that the Waterworks Engineer, Preston, reported that the intense rain at Langdon Brook on the 20th produced no damage, but the more intense rain of the 22nd was destructive. Heavy concrete coping blocks weighing at least 2 cwt. each were stripped from the main flood weir over a length of 30 yards and carried 50 yards downstream. The peak flow in the first storm was 270 cubic feet per second and 465 cubic feet per second in the second storm from an area of 3,800 acres.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: Burnley express 23 Aug; BR

  409. 1950-08-23 Lancashire

    [1] Place Padiham: Flood water under the foundations of a cloth mill caused the collapse of the roof and damage to machinery. Several Lancashire mills were flooded. The Rivers Brun and Calder overflowed.

    Rainfall: Rawenstall 1.70 in 30 m

    Source: BR; The Times 25 Aug

  410. 1950-08-28 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Squires Gate Blackpool Apt 1.22 in 95 m

    Source: BR

  411. 1950-09-06 Lancashire

    [1] With a depression centred over Iceland, a vigorous secondary which had travelled east-north-east across the Atlantic was deepening rapidly, during the morning of the 6th, in a position off north-west Ireland. The centre moved across northern Scotland during the latter part of the day, and afterwards along the west coast of Scandinavia. All parts of the British Isles were affected by the rain and strong winds which swept the country, though the rain was not heavy in the south-east. In the mountainous belts in the west, extending from Glamorgan to Inverness-shire, falls were commonly 2 ½ inches or more for the 24 hours ending at 09h. on the 7th; actually most of the rain fell during the first half of this period. The Lake District, Snowdonia and the high ground on the south-west of Scotland, in that order, received the heaviest falls, and there was serious flooding, much of it in towns, in Scotland, Northern Ireland, Westmorland, Cumberland and Lancashire. Gales were severe in exposed places, with resultant damage and obstruction added to the effects of the floods. Damage to crops and losses of farm stock were particularly serious in the Lake District. [2] Leven at Newby Bridge 1939-09 AMS Rank 3 AM 52

    Rainfall: Haverthwaite (Outwood) 2.91; Coniston (Thwaite Cottage) 3.89; Coniston (Holywath) 4.55; Hawkshead (Keen Ground) 3.36; Ulpha 4.25; Patterdale Hall 3.2; Ambleside (The Lakes U.D.C.) 3.55; Rydal (High Close) 3.78; Rydal (The Hall) 3.58; Great Langdale (Long House) 3.92; Grasmere (Meadow Brow) 3.44

    Source: BR; Hiflows UK

  412. 1951-08-09 Lancashire

    Rainfall: St Helens Eccleston Hill 1.28 in 75 m; Rainford Rookery STW 1.38 in 105 m

    Source: BR

  413. 1952-04-21 Lancashire

    [1] A brief storm that flooded parts of Southport

    Rainfall: Southport Bedford Rd 0.73 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  414. 1952-05-18 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Temperature at Manchester was 80 F and thunder was reported though with little rain

    Source: The Times 19 May

  415. 1952-07-01 Lancashire

    [1] At the end of a heatwave thunderstorms occurred in various parts of the country. [2] Place Manchester: A 45 minute storm over Manchester and parts of Cheshire and Derbyshire caught workers unaware on the way home. Temperatures reached over 90F in the London area.

    Rainfall: Bredbury Cheshire 1.73 in 25 m; Romiley The Greave 1.50 in 30 m; Arnfield Resvr Cheshire 1.03 in 13 m; Ringway Manchester Apt 1.04 in 45 m

    Source: BR; Daily Mail 2 Jul

  416. 1952-08-07 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Rawenstall 1.08 in 40 m

    Source: BR

  417. 1952-08-15 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Blackburn Witton 1.19 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  418. 1953-05-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Burnley: Hollins farm at Brunshaw Top was flooded. Also slightly flooded was the cafe at Queens Park and the road to Padihams Reservoir and Rattan Clough Sabden was under water. [2] The heavy falls of May were confined to the 25th and 26th. They occurred in severe thunderstorms associated with a cold front accompanying a small depression which moved eastward across Scotland. [3] Place Blackburn: Several streets were flooded to a depth of 2 feet

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following high temperatures 82.6F in Burnley; Temperatures reached 89F in the southeast.

    Source: Burnley Express 27 May; BR; The times 26 May

  419. 1953-06-26 Lancashire

    [1] BR reports that At Nelson great damage was done to mill property. The Nelson Leader reported 'the most northerly mill off Hallam Road caught the full weight of the water . . . and the cellar was quickly flooded to a depth of over ten feet. Water poured through windows broken under the strain and about a hundred cases of weft and warps were submerged.' The 'very rare' fall at Walton Lane was the heaviest recorded in 20 minutes or less in Lancashire. [2] A wooden railway station at Bott Lane Halt floated in 10 feet of water after a 15 minute storm at Nelson. Sewers collapsed in three roads. A fallen wall blocked another road. The main Leeds road was flooded when a mill lodge overflowed. [3] Hundreds of homes were flooded in Nelson.

    Rainfall: Nelson Walton Lane 1.72 in 15 m; Langley Trentabank Cheshire 2.09 in 39 m; Rochdale Queensway 1.32 in 45 m

    Source: BR; The Times 27 Jun; Eden (2008)

  420. 1954-05-12 Lancashire

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  421. 1954-07-16 Lancashire

    [1] Intense thunderstorms affected mainly urban areas. [2] 18 July - the central area of Burnley was completely awash in some places to 2-3 feet deep; washed into shops and offices. In Accrington, some houses flooded to 12 feet. [3] 20 July Torrential rain in the Waterfall district of Blackburn where there was the worst flooding for 20 years (since 1936?). Many houses were flooded. A woman was swept off her feet in Princess St and carried for 50 yards. In Darwen, the Stakes Hall hotel had its wine cellar flooded. Spring Bank Terrace was flooded. [4] Headline - Storms Lay Off Burnley Mills - Water nearly 4 feet deep covered a cotton firm’s shed. Also affected were furniture shops in the town centre including Marshalls in St James Street Healy Road and Osbornia factories affected.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: JBA Ribble report

  422. 1954-08-21 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Sale Carrington Lane Cheshire 0.72 in 23 m

    Source: BR

  423. 1954-09-10 Lancashire

    [1] Only two falls were noted in September, one at Morecambe on the 10th apparently associated with intense cyclonic rain rather than thunderstorms. In Morecambe and Heysham streets were flooded so deeply that traffic was stopped.

    Rainfall: Morecambe 1.26 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  424. 1954-10-03 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorms were frequent in October and a particularly severe one occurred in northwest England on the evening of the 3rd. A landslide brought about by heavy rainfall occurred on the railway between Liverpool and Manchester. Houses were struck by lightning nd badly damaged in Stretford and Blackpool, and flooding occurred in many places.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  425. 1955-07-12 Lancashire

    [1] BR notes that this was the only noteworthy short period record in 1955.

    Rainfall: Congleton Cheshire 1.20 in 30 m

    Source: BR

  426. 1956-07-17 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Chorley Common Bank STW 0.92 in 45 m

    Source: BR

  427. 1956-07-18 Lancashire

    [1] During the fall at Bidston Observatory, Cheshire, two of the observers independently reported hailstones of an estimated diameter of at least half an inch. [2] Little damage was done on the Blackpool airfield although the main entrance was temporarily flooded to a depth of 2 feet. Considerable damage was caused in nearby Blackpool, however, where many basements were flooded.

    Rainfall: Birkenhead Bidston Obsy 0.59 in 10 m; Squiresgate Blackpool Apt 1.57 in 50 m

    Source: BR

  428. 1956-07-27 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Colne Judge fields 0.86 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  429. 1956-08-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Ormskirk: At Lathom over 200 acreas of crop and meadow were flooded when the Ellerbrook broke its banks with a breach 18 feet wide. The Ellerbrook joins the River Douglas just downstream from the breach and the Douglas backed into the Ellerbrook adding to the flooding. [2] Place Wallasey: At Moreton bunglows and flats were flooded. Water was 3 feet deep around three storey blocks of flats. The River Birket overflowed and swirled through the streets; more than 100 families were evacuated. Bungalows were also flooded at Meols.

    Rainfall: No mention of thunderstorms

    Source: The Times 20 Aug

  430. 1958-06-07 Lancashire

    [1] A heavy rainstorm on the evening of the 7th brought floods to the Manchester area. Streets in the Ardwick area were flooded to a depth of 3 ft., and trains were diverted because of floodwater, 4 ft. deep, on the track between Fallowfield and Wilbraham

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  431. 1958-06-24 Lancashire

    [1] On the 24th flood damage occurred at Wrexham and Wigan

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  432. 1958-08-10 Lancashire

    [1] Some of the worst flooding on the 10th occurred in the central lowlands of Scotland and in Blackpool. One of the most seriously affected areas was the Mere Road district of Blackpool; flood water was waist deep here soon after the commencement of the hour-long storm. The Cricket Club's ground was flooded in a matter of minutes, water pouring onto the pitch from the surrounding roads; it was still under water the next morning.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  433. 1958-08-20 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Speke Apt 1.15 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  434. 1958-08-22 Lancashire

    [1] In the north-west of England, where storms reached their peak in the afternoon but continued into the evening, trains were diverted because sections of line were under water near Chester. Hundreds of buildings were flooded and houses struck by lightning during a violent storm over the Wirral. Families were marooned for more than an hour in at Granville Terrace Wallasey Village as water 3 feet deep swirled round their houses. [2] Manchester Wythenshawe: Of the many areas of Lancashire from which storm damage was reported, the Wythenshawe area of Manchester probably suffered most— a girl was drowned when a bridge across a swollen stream was dislodged by flood-water and families in Moor Road were evacuated where houses were flooded to a depth of 4 feet. At Manchester Airport, about 3 miles to the south of Wythenshawe, a 'noteworthy' fall was recorded. At Trafford Park six factories were flooded. Trains were diverted due to blocked or flooded lines. [3] Bacup, the River Irwell overflowed its banks and flooded houses and shops in the town centre.

    Rainfall: Bury STW 1.89 in 1 h; Ringway Manchester Apt 0.98 in 39 m

    Source: BR; The Times 23 Aug

  435. 1959-05-10 Lancashire

    [1] There was extensive flooding at Barrow-in-Furness, north Lancashire, on the 10th, after a 'remarkable' fall during a storm reported to be unequalled in severity in 36 years of detailed records. Thunderstorms were unusually severe and lightning unusually frequent over much of north-west England; at SquiresGate, where lightning killed a number of cattle, it was reported to be the most frequent since May 1947.

    Rainfall: Sale Cheshire 0.64 in 15 m; Barrow STW 1.35 in 40 m

    Source: BR

  436. 1959-05-11 Lancashire

    [1] On the 11th 'remarkable' falls were recorded at Northwich, Cheshire. At Blackley (NE Manchester), houses were flooded, some roads were a foot deep in water, while hailstones were reported to be as large as golf-balls. At Middlewich, a boy of 11 was killed by lightning while sheltering beneath a tree on the bank of the river Dane.

    Rainfall: Bury STW 0.81 in 30 m; Rawenstall Green Fold Resvr 1.03 in 55 m; Northwich Marbur Rd 2.43 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  437. 1959-07-26 Lancashire

    [1] Sudden thunderstorms flooded roads and houses in many northern towns. At Lytham St. Annes, firemen pumped 2 ft. 6 in. of water from the kitchen of a hotel, while parts of Lord Street, Southport, were flooded to a depth of 6 in. There was a 'remarkable' fall at Garstang, north Lancashire, when 1 -80 in. of rain was recorded in 60 minutes.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR

  438. 1959-07-27 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Garstang Scorton 1.80 in 1 h; Whitefield Pk 2.37 in 105 m; Squiresgate Blackpool 1.56 in 119 m

    Source: BR

  439. 1959-08-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: The Mersey Tunnel was flooded to a depth of 18 in. during thunderstorms. This was the first time in its 21 year history and caused serious traffic jams.

    Rainfall: Liverpool Monument Pl 1.60 in 23 m

    Source: BR; The Times 22 Aug

  440. 1960-08-13 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Squiresgate Blackpool 0.51 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  441. 1960-08-28 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Speke Apt 0.79 in 30 m

    Source: BR

  442. 1961-09-03 Lancashire

    [1] There appear to have been very few years in the present century which could match 1961 for the paucity of intense rains. Among those worth looking into in this respect are 1919, 1922 and 1945.

    Rainfall: Ringway Manchester Apt 1.39 in 60 m

    Source: BR

  443. 1963-06-13 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Speke Apt 0.79 in 26 m

    Source: BR

  444. 1963-07-02 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Dukinfield 1.85 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  445. 1963-07-06 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Ringway 1.30 in 111 m

    Source: BR

  446. 1964-06-12 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Hardham 18.0 in 21 m

    Source: BR

  447. 1964-07-18 Lancashire

    [1] Serious flooding on the Calder and Darwen with rainfall of more than 3.0 inches in places in the Darwen/Burnley/Blackburn area. A five foot high tidal wave on the Darwen carried away the parapet of Hollin St bridge and 236 houses in Blackburn were flooded including Princess Street. There was also flooding in Padiham, Colne, Barley, and Accrington. Blackburn Road Darwen was flooded.

    Rainfall: Bolton 55.9 in 15 m (60.2 in 30 m); Habergham Eaves 35.8 in 25 m; Leigh STW 38.1 in 45 m; Light Alders Fm 30.0 in 45 m; Warrington highways Yd 34.3 in 90 m

    Source: BR; JBA Ribble Report

  448. 1966-06-17 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Speke Apt 20.4 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  449. 1967-05-11 Lancashire

    [1] Winds E to NE light; frontal, thundery; slow-moving cold front affecting area.

    Rainfall: Fallowfield Platt Fields Pk 85.9 in 6 h

    Source: BR

  450. 1967-05-29 Lancashire

    [1] Winds S to SE light; thundery; unstable airstream.

    Rainfall: Swinton STW 28.7 in 1h 10 m

    Source: BR

  451. 1967-06-20 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Liverpool Knotty Ash 23.6 in 40 m

    Source: BR

  452. 1967-07-14 Lancashire

    [1] Winds light, variable; thundery; col with unstable air. [2] Serious flooding occurred in parts of Merseyside and the Wirral from thunderstorms

    Rainfall: Squiresgate 31.0 in 1 h 32 m; Southport 47.0 in 2 h

    Source: BR; Eden (2008)

  453. 1967-08-08 Lancashire

    [1] Winds E light to moderate; frontal, thundery; almost stationary cold front with wave over area. [2] There were several lightning deaths in other parts of England

    Rainfall: Burnley 44.7 in 45 m; Betham Summerhill 34.8 in 2 h; Pedder Potts Resvr 56.1 in 2 h 30 m; Croasdale house 14 63.0 in 2 h 52 m; Ogden resvr 80.5 in 2 h; Buttock 82.5 in 2 h; Stodday 38.1 in 2 h; Stocks 21 D 39.4 in 2 h 42 m; Phynis No 18 52.1 in 2 h 42 m; Slaidburn 41.7 in 2 h 42 m

    Source: BR

  454. 1967-08-09 Lancashire

    [1] Winds light, variable; depression, thundery; slack area of low pressure affecting area.

    Rainfall: Burnley 40.6 in 65 m; Nelson 42.9 in 2 h; Foulridge Lower resvr 35.6 in 2 h 15 m; Bailrigg 41.1 in 1 h 15 m; Hampson in Ellel 44.2 in 1 h 30 m

    Source: BR

  455. 1967-08-10 Lancashire

    [1] Winds W light; thundery; unstable airstream

    Rainfall: Chatburn 38.6 in 1 h 35 m

    Source: BR

  456. 1967-08-23 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Hunts Lock 37.3 in 45 m

    Source: BR

  457. 1967-09-21 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Crosshill Resvr 50.8 in 2 h

    Source: BR

  458. 1967-09-26 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Lyme Pk 38.6 in 1 h; Disley High Lane 29.0 in 1 h; Glossop STW 32.0 in 1 h; Chew Mount 35.5 in 1 h

    Source: BR

  459. 1968-07-01 Lancashire

    [1] Winds variable light becoming NW strong in west; depression, frontal, thundery; depression over northern France extending northwards with associated front stationary over western districts of England and Wales.

    Rainfall: Warrington 17.0 in 10 m; Cholmondley 26.9 in 10 m; Ringway 15.0 in 10 m; Widnes Lab 21.3 in 12 m; Greenfield STW 24.4 in 15 m; Widnes Corp Depot 18.5 in 20 m

    Source: BR

  460. 1968-07-02 Lancashire

    [1] Winds W moderate to strong; depression, orographic thundery; complex depression over the U.K. deepening in the north of England.

    Rainfall: Saddleworth 16.5 in 6 m; Arnfield Resvr 28.7 in 10 m; Kinder filters 17.0 in 12 m

    Source: BR

  461. 1968-09-02 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Brushes Clough 33.0 in 1 h 30 m; Cold greave 31.5 in 1 h 30 m

    Source: BR

  462. 1968-09-20 Lancashire

    [1] Flooding occurred in mid and east Lancashire and West and South Yorkshire. Great Heys had 117 mm and Yateholme 115 mm.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Eden (2008)

  463. 1973-07-15 Lancashire

    [1] Widespread flooding occurred. Areas affected included north Derbyshire, east Cheshire, and Greater Manchester.

    Rainfall: 15th 26 raingauges recorded more than 100 mm Over the 2 day period rain fell in 42 to 44 hours.; Not a thunderstorm

    Source: Eden (2008)

  464. 1973-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy thunderstorms occurred over East Cheshire and W Derbyshire with resulting flooding but there was no rainfall at Manchester Airport.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  465. 1973-08-03 Lancashire

    [1] Cheadle Hulme observer notes that a local thunderstorm caused some flooding near Stockport.

    Rainfall: Manchester = very wet month

    Source: COL

  466. 1975-07-14 Lancashire

    [1] Thunderstorms caused structural damage and flooding in many places in northeast Lancashire.Houses were struck in Burnley and Brierfield. [2] Place Rawensthall: the town centre was flooded to a depth of 2 feet and at nearby Stubbins a Dormobile had to be rescued from 4 feet of water under a railway bridge.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: COL

  467. 1975-07-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bacup: A thunderstorm in the valley north of Bacup caused extensive flooding of property and cut off the town centre from surrounding areas for several hours.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: COL

  468. 1978-06-01 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Accrington 44.5 mm in 70 m

    Source: COL

  469. 1978-06-04 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall, Merseyside: 23.3 mm in 40 m was the heaviest rainfall on a thunder day since 1969. Flooding was widespread especially in Heswall but also in central Liverpool.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  470. 1980-06-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Accrington: six boys were struck by lightning on an Accrington school playing field; one dies and others were injured. [2] Flooding at Darwen followed rainfall of 567 mm in less than 2 hours.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source: COL; Eden (2008)

  471. 1980-10-23 Lancashire

    [1] Two days of heavy rain caused flooding from the Ribble combined with high tides. Flooded blackspots included Ribchester near Blackburn, where the village was completely cut off by the swollen Ribble, Samelsbury near Preston where the tickled Trout Hotel was marooned in acres of water and Dunsop Bridge in the hodder Valley where agricultural land was said to have suffered the worst flooding in 50 years. On 27 October, St Michaelon Wyre was cut off from surrounding districts for several days.

    Rainfall: Prolonged rainfall

    Source: COL

  472. 1981-08-05 Lancashire

    [1] Place Manchester: 3 ½ inches fell in 24 hours and some roads were closed by landslides. There were waterlogged tracks in Cheshire.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms on 5 and 6 Aug when 2 day totals of more than 80 mm occurred in an area from Cheshire to South Yorks.; Eaton nr Tarporley 132 mm; Manchester Arpt 95.9 mm in 12 h to 09.00 on 6th

    Source: Daily Mail 7 Aug; COL

  473. 1983-06-07 Lancashire

    [1] Observer reported lumps of ice about as big as gold balls of various dimensions but all had a cloudy or opaque core surrounded by clear ice. Hail fell for five minutes followed by heavy rain for 10 minutes. There was much flooding in southern parts of Liverpool. Conditions towards Warrington were more severe and glasshouses and nurseries were completely destroyed by the hail.

    Rainfall: Liverpool Sefton Pk hailstorm

    Source: COL

  474. 1983-06-08 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Southport: Giant hailstones recorded 1 ½ by 1 ¼ inch

    Source: COL

  475. 1987-08-21 Lancashire

    [1] Serious flooding affected the Wigan area.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms; Longridge 48.5 (daily)

    Source: COL; Eden (2008)

  476. 1988-05-03 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall Merseyside: A heavy thunderstorm occurred in the Wirral causing local damage due to a lightning strike. It was reported to be the worst such incident in several years.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  477. 1988-10-19 Lancashire

    [1] A thunderstorm let to severe flooding in Liverpool and the Wirral. Crosby had 82 mm mostly in 75 minutes.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Eden (2008)

  478. 1989-05-24 Lancashire

    [1] Manchester, Chorlton: Two boys were drowned as a flood swept away their boat in a covered river outlet that flows into the Mersey at Chorlton. Near Macclesfield a man was killed when his car was carried away by a flooded stream.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm following hot humid weather with much of the rest of the country remaining dry. Temperature in London reached 85F the highest in May for more than 40 years.

    Source: The Times 25 May

  479. 1989-05-25 Lancashire

    [1] Place Heywood: Lightning struck Siddal Moor High School and caused damage whilst the school was also flooded. Many streets in Heywood were flooded.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm with hail

    Source: COL

  480. 1989-06-26 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Longridge 54.9 (daily)

    Source: COL

  481. 1989-06-30 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Heywood 43.7 (daily)

    Source: COL

  482. 1991-07-06 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Heswall Merseyside: 8 mm in 15 m

    Source: COL

  483. 1991-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Preston observer notes ‘Day of the Southport downpour’ but only a trace was recorded at Preston.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  484. 1992-05-29 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Heswall Thunderstorm for 1.5 h with 10 mm and minor flooding

    Source: COL

  485. 1992-06-09 Lancashire

    [1] ‘A thundery day on Merseyside’ A storm occurred over Liverpool and SW Lancs. North Liverpool to Formby suffered from severe flooding and hail variously described as the size of 10p pieces or golf balls, which blocked the drains. A succession of three storms was reported. 2mm fell in 2 m. [2] Place Bolton: Thunderstorm caused lightning and flood damage.

    Rainfall: Heswall daily total only 16.3

    Source: COL

  486. 1993-06-24 Lancashire

    [1] Place Bury: House struck by lightning [2] Place Radcliffe: Several thundery cells passed; first thunder since Oct 1993

    Rainfall: Radcliffe: 5 mm in 10 m

    Source: COL

  487. 1994-07-24 Lancashire

    [1] Wirral, Heswall: Two thunderstorms ‘possibly the worst since July 1967; widespread minor flooding and lightning damage. (Second observer notes longest storms since 1 / 2 Jul 1968)

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  488. 1994-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Turton: House damaged by lightning. [2] Place Liverpool: Severe thunderstorm reported.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Turton: 12.4 in 30 m

    Source: COL

  489. 1994-08-03 Lancashire

    [1] Heavy downpours reported in the Oldham area

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  490. 1995-07-10 Lancashire

    [1] Preston, Howick: A farm worker was killed by lightning. [2] Place Bolton: thunderstorm with local flooding and lightning damage, the most serious for several years.

    Rainfall: Widespread thunderstorms reported; Turton: 25.8 mm in c 30 m

    Source: COL

  491. 1995-09-04 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall 1: Liverpool was badly affected by flooding, notably central and south with many shops and houses flooded. Parts of North Wirral also had bad flooding. The storms appears to be generated over the sea, possibly the unusually high sea temperature was a contributing factor. The last notable occasion with such conditions was on 20 Sep 1967 when over 3 inches fell at Crosshill Reservoir 3 miles away. [2] Heswall 2: The storms were not forecast and formed over the warm waters of Liverpool Bay.

    Rainfall: 2 Heswall Wirral observers report thunderstorms; Heswall 1 66.1 on 5th; Heswall 2: 38.4 up to 9 am; 27.5 in following daylight hours. Lightning damage reported locally.

    Source: COL

  492. 1996-08-26 Lancashire

    [1] Place Wirral: flooding reported, severe in north Wirral. Water was up to 4 feet deep in Moreton

    Rainfall: Bidston 25.8 in 40 m (tot 32.6)- the heaviest rainfall in any month since 9 Aug 1959; Heswall 1 20 mm most in 15 m; Heswall 2 16 mm in 60 m; A funnel cloud on Mersey estuary.

    Source: COL

  493. 1997-05-13 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Turton (N of Bolton) Thunderstorm with hail (under 5 mm), flooding reported in locality

    Source: COL

  494. 1997-06-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Liverpool: thunderstorm with marble sized hail which covered the ground and damaged garden plants.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  495. 1998-06-06 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Longridge Violent thunderstorm for 45 m

    Source: COL

  496. 1998-06-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Macclesfield: 60 houses flooded in the town centre where the River Bollin burst its banks.

    Rainfall: Macclesfield 3 hour storm 25 mm at station but Prestbury 38 mm and Hurdsfield 58 mm

    Source: COL

  497. 1998-09-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Leyland: flash floods

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Preston 26.5 mm

    Source: COL

  498. 1999-05-07 Lancashire

    [1] Both stations wettest day in May for >10 years

    Rainfall: Turton 33.3 Th; Radcliffe 29.3 Th

    Source: COL

  499. 1999-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] Stoneclough, Radcliffe: 13 properties flooded up to 2 feet. One pub reported to be 10 feet under water. [2] Place Kearsley: Road flooding all round the area. It was the heaviest rain since recording began in 1949.

    Rainfall: Isolated Th; Kearsley 62 mm in 1 h 45 m (2” in 1 h) Hail 7-10 mm Diameter; Radcliffe 25 mm in 45 m

    Source: COL

  500. 1999-07-10 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Isolated Th; Carnforth > 50 mm in 40 m

    Source: COL

  501. 1999-08-14 Lancashire

    [1] Place Heswall: Worst flooding in centre of town for many years; manhole covers were raised and some roads under 6 inches of water.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm in a very wet month; Heswall 15 mm in 20 m

    Source: COL

  502. 2000-07-02 Lancashire

    [1] Slow moving fronts over northern England led to flash floods. At Walney island Cumbria 46 mm fell in 6 hours. (Severe thunderstorms were reported in Chester, Nottingham, Stoke and Derby). [2] Place Chester: A storm lasting a matter of minutes left more than 50 offices under 3 feet of water.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  503. 2000-07-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Wirral: Roads were reported flooded

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms

    Source:

  504. 2000-07-27 Lancashire

    [1] Place Wigan: Some flooding reported

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: COL

  505. 2000-08-21 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Bowland 54 mm in 1 h

    Source: COL

  506. 2000-08-28 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Local thunderstorms in Lancashire and Merseyside; Southport 23 mm

    Source: COL

  507. 2000-09-29 Lancashire

    Rainfall: SW Lancashire; Wrighington 1 hour thunderstorm

    Source: COL

  508. 2001-07-03 Lancashire

    [1] Place Seaton: Some property flooding

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Heswall 1 32.0 in 1 h 35 m; Seaton 43.8 in 2 h (Tot. 53.7)

    Source: COL

  509. 2001-08-07 Lancashire

    [1] Flooding reported at Congleton (Weaver catchment) with heavy rain at Harriseahead

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm; Radcliffe 35.3

    Source: COL

  510. 2002-05-26 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm?; Oldham 26mm in 2 h

    Source: COL

  511. 2002-06-14 Lancashire

    [1] During the evening there were reports of torrential, thundery rain in Lancashire, in the Blackburn, Accrington and Ribble Valley areas,that led to localised flooding. The thunderstorms moved NE across NE England later. A slow moving cold front deposited 22.7mm in 1 hour at Radcliffe - resulting in local flooding. Elsewhere flash floods occurred widely from N Manchester to the Ribble valley with 25 - 50mm rain falling in 1-2 hours over a large area. A violent thunderstorm at Burnley led to flash flooding in the area. A severe thunderstorm on the 14th dropped 25mm of rain in the hour 1800-1900 at Oldham. At Turton it was the wettest day on records (1987); 31mm rain fell between 1700-1800h with a heavy thunderstorm. Local flooding occurred and streams bursting their banks, while the local road filled with debris. The local ASDA store closed as floodwaters burst through the store. Some roads were locally [2] impassable. Widespread falls in East Lancashire were reported. At Loveclough (Rossendale) marble-size hail fell and 23mm of rain fell in 1 hour.

    Rainfall: Daily; 51.4 Turton (nr Bolton); 37.3 Accrington; 35.6 Burnley; 33.8 Oldham; 30.9 Casterton (nr Kirkby Lonsdale); 28.0 Standish (nr Wigan); 26.7 Radcliffe

    Source: COL

  512. 2002-07-30 Lancashire

    [1] Place Glossop: The storms caused localised flooding; entry into Glossop was impossible after floods in late afternoon. [2] Place Oldham: The 30th proved to be the wettest day (81.2mm) since 5.8.1981 (83.0mm). The day was characterised by a series of thunderstorms, which began at 0900h and grew with intensity as the day progressed. The final storm between 1715h and 1800h produced 31mm in just 45 minutes. The observable effects were quite shocking, as you do not expect to see cars being washed down roads with 1 in 7 gradients in hilly areas like Oldham! Many of the drains could not cope and access from the east of the town on many of the main roads was closed for 24 hours after the storms

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms; Turton 22 mm in 1 h; Oldham 81.2

    Source: COL

  513. 2003-05-19 Lancashire

    [1] Place Rochdale:

    Rainfall: Rochdale 9.8 mm in 1 h

    Source: COL

  514. 2003-07-17 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall 2: 31.4C on 16th is the highest July temperature since 3.7.1976, and the highest for any month since 3.8.1990. Rainfall was the greatest daily July fall since 15.7.1973. There were very close lightning strikes to earth in the evening of the 16th - one strike at 1920h was the closest for many years and struck some 25m to NW; only 3mm of rain fell from this heat-induced storm.

    Rainfall: Heswall 2 34.4

    Source: COL

  515. 2003-08-10 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall 1: A brief heavy thunderstorm in the morning with 9mm of rain in 6 minutes around 0930h with further showers later. [2] Heswall 2: 32.2C on the 9th was the highest temperature for any month since 3.8.1990. A dramatic thunderstorm early on the 10th moving from the SW accompanied by severe squalls; exceptionally frequent lightning and near continuous thunder. Storm lasted from 0700GMT to 0745GMT, with about 10mm of rain in 8 minutes at the peak, being driven horizontally in squalls. There was a further, much less intense storm from 0815GMT to 0900GMT although it was still overhead. [3] Place Turton: Heavy thunderstorm 0900-1100h on the 10th produced 20mm rain, with some local damage due to lightning strike.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  516. 2004-06-21 Lancashire

    [1] Buxton Derbyshire: A severe storm with hail and thunder produced 32.4mm of hail in about one hour. The hail lay to a depth of 3cm, and caused serious damage to the potato and sugar beet crops, shredding their leaves. It was still lying in patches the next day. The surface wind was easterly as the storm approached from the west. Lightning was flashing every 10 seconds and the thunder was continuous.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  517. 2004-08-19 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall 1: 19th Very heavy rain without thunder for 25 minutes around 1000h; nearly all the day's 26.7mm of rain [2] fell during this time. [3] Heswall 2: 20th - 20mm in 30 minutes in the morning with the worst local flooding seen since moving here in 1970. Fire brigade called out to 50-60cm deep floods on local roads and my garden was under water for several days afterwards, probably as much as a result of previous severe saturation as much as anything. [4] Galgate, Near Lancaster: 20th - The River Condor burst it's banks after more than 25mm fell at nearby Hazelrigg between 0345GMT and 0500GMT, from a slow-moving storm. At the peak of the storm about 9mm fell in ten minutes. [5] Place Oldham: What will almost certainly be the warmest day of the year (8th - 28.0C) was followed by what will probably be the wettest day of the year (9th - 60.5mm). The 30-hour total from 0700h on the 9th was 79.0mm. The daily total for the 9th was the fourth highest total on record (1978). The night of the 8th/9th was the warmest night on record, with the temperature failing to fall below 20.1C.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  518. 2005-05-02 Lancashire

    [1] In N England thunderstorms resulted in a tornado at Hoghton (Lancashire) with 30 houses being damaged. There were also reports of flooding on the M60 in Greater Manchester.

    Rainfall: Heswall: 8 mm in 10 m

    Source: COL

  519. 2005-05-21 Lancashire

    [1] Place Neston: There was an afternoon thunderstorm with torrential and hail. A house, about 1.5km away, was struck by lightning with considerable damage. There were many close lightning strikes and some very large bangs, and also some local flooding. Water was coming out of the drains with considerable force, and there were piles of hail everywhere.

    Rainfall: Neston Wirral: 10 mm in 45 m (Tot 15.1)

    Source: COL

  520. 2006-05-12 Lancashire

    [1] Around lunchtime there was a very severe storm near Manchester Airport with darkness, severe lightning, large hail and flooding.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  521. 2006-07-02 Lancashire

    [1] Large hail and flooding was reported in Lancashire and Cheshire. Houses were set alight by lightning and a funnel cloud was seen near Manchester. At Oldham the observer counted over 100 fork lightning strikes. On the M62, one strike caused a tree to explode, blocking both carriageways of the motorway. [2] In Wigan, one house was known to have been struck by lightning and the town's fire service took 70 emergency calls in just 30 minutes. Manchester was hit by torrential downpours and flash flooding which closed two lanes of the M60 motorway and damaged homes. A Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue service spokesman said it had received more than 630 calls in four hours; in the Irlam area, fire-fighters rescued a 90-year-old man and six other people from two [3] cars after they became trapped in water 4ft deep

    Rainfall: Oldham 49 mm in 1 h 15 m

    Source: COL

  522. 2006-07-05 Lancashire

    [1] Warrington during The storm appeared very localised but many of the roads were 2 feet deep in water and the nearby M6 was closed by of flooding for two hours. [2] Place Heswall: 30-minute thunderstorm with hail around 1400GMT. 11mm of precipitation reported in nearby Fazackerley.

    Rainfall: Warrington 50 mm in 1 h; Radcliffe: 15mm in 15 m

    Source: COL

  523. 2006-09-02 Lancashire

    [1] A depression centre crossed the British Isles across Northern Ireland and N England on the 2nd, with widespread rain to the S as a result. [2] No thunder was reported. Elsewhere in the N rain lasted 6 hours and reached an intensity of 17.5 mm in an hour at Pateley Br.

    Rainfall: Coniston 68.7; Grasmere 52.4; Grizedale 49.5; Ambleside 48.3; Windermere 41.4

    Source: COL

  524. 2007-06-12 Lancashire

    [1] Torrential rain and thunderstorms were reported across parts of Lancashire and Cheshire.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  525. 2007-06-15 Lancashire

    [1] Place Fleetwood: West of the Pennines rainfall totals were lighter on the 15th than in Yorkshire and some other areas but Fleetwood had a very heavy cell.

    Rainfall: Fleetwood 30-40 mm in 3 h (Tot 58 mm)

    Source: COL

  526. 2007-07-17 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall 1: The most notable feature of the month was a heavy storm on the 17th. Heavy thunder was reported over central Birkenhead and the centre of the heavy rainfall (judging by the very dark clouds) appeared to be several miles N of Heswall. Flooding was reported at Greasby, 4 miles to the N.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  527. 2007-07-23 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: Minor flooding in the town on the evening of the 23rd when 35.6mm fell in two hours at the official station.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  528. 2008-06-26 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Timperley 37.6; Heswall 1 25.9; Todmorden 34.9; Rochdale 73.3 (9h); Accrington Torrential rain for five minutes at 1405h on the 26th.; Radcliffe: 56.4 in 12 h; Breightmet 52.2 (mainly 14.50 to 21.10)

    Source: COL

  529. 2008-09-02 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Timperley 15m thunderstorm with hail 5-7mm diameter

    Source: COL

  530. 2008-09-05 Lancashire

    [1] Heswall 1: Notable wet spell on 5th and 6th; flooding occurred in several parts of the Wirral where brooks overflowed.

    Rainfall: Puddington, Wirral 56.7; Timperley 45.0

    Source: COL

  531. 2008-09-09 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: 33.4mm of rain fell on the 9th, 90% of which was concentrated between 1745h and 1852h. This was a localised downpour which caused flooding in the vicinity of the official weather station.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  532. 2009-05-19 Lancashire

    [1] Timperley had a thunderstorm 1320-1350h which produced a probable lightning strike on Altrincham bus/rail interchange in whose car park the observer was trapped at the time! Stanton had a moderate intensity thunderstorm during the afternoon, with lighting strikes very close to the station. Harriseahead, had thunder 1250-1405h with a discharge rate of one per 10 minutes at the peak (around 1300h).

    Rainfall: Timperley Thunderstorm 1320-13.50; At least 10mm of the day's 14mm rain estimated to have fallen during this period.

    Source: COL

  533. 2009-06-15 Lancashire

    [1] Torrential downpours led to the closure of roads in St Helens in the afternoon

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  534. 2009-06-18 Lancashire

    [1] Place Timperley: During a thunderstorm 2035-2100GMT a house in nearby Bowdon was badly damaged by fire after a lightning strike according to the local paper.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  535. 2009-06-27 Lancashire

    [1] Place Huncoat: A rainstorm caused flash floods locally. This very localised downpour started around 1600h and lasted just over an hour. At the height of the storm roads and properties were flooded and drains became fountains. I know from being out and about that Accrington, Blackburn and Clayton (8km radius) were badly affected whilst nearby Huncoat and the Ribble Valley stayed relatively dry. At Huncoat I only measured 6.4mm but under a mile towards the town centre two rainguages reported 46.7mm and 34.3mm.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  536. 2009-06-28 Lancashire

    [1] Place Timperley: Although only a light shower occurred at the station around 1300GMT we experienced flash flooding in the Wilmslow area and heard thunder at Pott Shrigley in the hills of east Cheshire.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  537. 2009-06-30 Lancashire

    [1] Puddington 10.2 mm (25% of month’s fall)

    Rainfall: Thunderstorm

    Source: COL

  538. 2009-07-08 Lancashire

    [1] Acton, Nantwich: On the 8th the rainfall total was 48.3mm; 43.0mm of the rain fell in one hour.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  539. 2009-07-19 Lancashire

    [1] Smallwood, Sandbach: 1-min rainfall rate of 76mm/h, 11.4mm in 15 minutes on 19th

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  540. 2010-05-01 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: 26.9mm of rain fell between 1600h and 2000h with over 10mm falling in the 30 minutes ending 1800h. The downpour was localised with places 12km away recording only 6mm.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  541. 2010-07-20 Lancashire

    [1] Place Puddington: It was the highest one day total since I started taking readings on the Wirral in 1957. Between 1130GMT and 1200GMT rain was falling at the rate of 40mm/h. There were several other less intense downpours during the rest of the day.

    Rainfall: Puddington Wirral 57.2; Liverpool Hunts cross 60.9; Heswall 1 33.0

    Source: COL

  542. 2010-08-12 Lancashire

    [1] The main activity was over northern and eastern England. Persistently recurring storms around the southern Pennines led to 45mm of rain at Woodford (southeast of Manchester), and flooding affected the adjacent Bramhall area.

    Rainfall: The presence of low pressure, and its attendant cold pool, over northeast Britain resulted in a crop of thunderstorms developing out of showers during the day.

    Source: COL

  543. 2010-09-23 Lancashire

    Rainfall: Sandbach Smallwood 9.4 mm in 15 m with hail

    Source: COL

  544. 2011-07-10 Lancashire

    [1] Huncoat Nelson: Up to 90mm of rain may have fallen 7 miles away in Nelson during a very localised storm around 1200h. This was according to a nonstandard gauge and accounts of a prolonged downpour with roads awash even though local newspapers did not report any storms or flash floods. At Huncoat I recorded 7.8mm whilst at Higham 4 miles closer to Nelson recorded 13.2mm, Other trusted sources reported widespread heavy rain over the entire Ribble and Pendle Valleys).

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  545. 2011-09-06 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: The local press reported flooding around the district after the downpours of the 5th/6th.

    Rainfall: A heatwave heralded the end of a mixed month with 170mm of rain falling, 177% of the average.

    Source: COL

  546. 2011-09-17 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: The most noteworthy rainfall was 17th when 49.2mm was recorded. Most of that fell between 0300h and 0900h that day when Lancaster University recorded 34.8mm for the period.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  547. 2012-05-14 Lancashire

    [1] Puddington S Wirral: (14) Heavy storm between 1735 -1800 h with much hail; most of it greater than 10 mm in size. [2] Timperley (15) - Heavy hail shower 1235-1250 GMT produced stones of up to 8 mm diameter. 25th -

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  548. 2012-06-22 Lancashire

    [1] Bolton le Sands: 56.0 mm of rain, and some violent swings on the rainfall chart recorder. It represented the wettest June day since my records began (1992), The high level of rainfall rate and high winds at the same time left a substantial amount of debris (mainly leaves and broken branches) in the roads and elsewhere. There was [2] much standing water around, with minor flooding in the usual local places. [3] Place Huncoat: 22nd - 73.0 mm rainfall was my wettest June day in 39 years.

    Rainfall: Bolton le sands 56.0 (rain persistent from 7 am till after midnight.; Huncoat 73.0; Oldham 50.2; Rochdale 44.5

    Source: COL

  549. 2012-08-04 Lancashire

    [1] Place Morecambe: 4th-6th - Sporadic showery, torrential rain fell in the NW during this period. One of the areas worst [2] affected was Glasson Dock where a total of 75.5 mm fell over the two days. Local press reports stated that rainwater ran down hills and into the cellars and garages of low-lying houses overnight on the Saturday and Sunday. One resident reported 0.5 metres of water in his garage. The downpours were very localised as 5 km away Lancaster [3] University reported only 33.9 mm of rain in the same period.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  550. 2012-09-24 Lancashire

    [1] Oldham, Moorside: 23rd-26th - In the 60 hours from 7.00 pm on the 23rd until 7.00 am on the 26th, 90.1 mm rain fell in what appeared to be a continuous fall. [2] Place Radcliffe: 24th – 25th - The 48 hour rainfall total was 70.1 mm (39.7 mm and 30.4 mm respectively). This is a new all-time high 48 hour rainfall total since local records began in 1983 and the second time this year that a 48 hour rainfall [3] total of 60 mm has been exceeded (61.8 mm 21.06.2012-22.06.2012).

    Rainfall: The period 23 to 25 had heavy persistent rain with totals approaching 100 mm

    Source:

  551. 2013-06-14 Lancashire

    [1] Nothing mentioned of detail in station notes.

    Rainfall: Thunderstorms developed out of an area of rain as it moved northeast across central England in the afternoon – mainly affecting the west and north Midlands, parts of Lancashire, Merseyside and Greater; Manchester, and Lincolnshire and Humberside. It was connected to a small cold pool running northeastwards ahead of the next frontal system from the Atlantic.

    Source: COL

  552. 2014-07-19 Lancashire

    [1] West Kirby: Wirral received the dying remnants of imported overnight storms from France in the morning, but in the late afternoon, 2 km away, a developing cumulonimbus cell overhead gave torrential rain in West Kirby for 15-20 mins - (just after the close of play at the adjacent Hoylake Open). Local flash flooding on side streets observed. Just 5 mm of rain recorded back home.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  553. 2014-08-10 Lancashire

    [1] No other stations reported significant rainfall.

    Rainfall: Heswall 9 mm in 13 m 24 mm in 35 m)

    Source: COL

  554. 2015-07-01 Lancashire

    [1] A thunderstorm developed near Shrewsbury around sunset and grew into a major storm that affected Cheshire, Merseyside, Greater Manchester, West Yorkshire and Cumbria towards midnight.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  555. 2015-08-14 Lancashire

    [1] Timperley. extremely heavy and persistent rain in the morning totalled 38.1 mm between 0705 and 1110 GMT. The daily total of 39.3 mm was the highest in August records (1989) and the highest for any month since September 2012.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: COL

  556. 2015-08-22 Lancashire

    [1] The storms were particularly severe over northern England, with torrential rain, hail, and frequent thunder and lightning. Lightning set fire to houses at Oswaldtwistle, near Accrington, and Calderbridge (west Cumbria), and a restaurant at South Shields, and flooding affected various districts. [2] Heswall 1: moderate thunderstorms in the evening were severe locally but not in Heswall.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source:

  557. 2015-08-31 Lancashire

    [1] Place Heswall: 31st to 2nd Sep- exceptional heavy rain and floods in the Wirral. In the 36 hours from 1053 GMT on the 31st to around 1100 GMT on the 2nd, 97.3 mm of rain fell at Heswall station. The first 'storm' gave 27.2 mm in 60 minutes from 1053 GMT as the rain soon became torrential. This was then followed by 6 hours of moderate to heavy rainfall, resulting in a further 12.2 mm. Quite a number of households in lower-lying areas had possessions ruined, with the worst affected areas being in a part of Moreton in north Wirral where the Birket brook overflowed. People there said the floods were the worst in lifetime memories. In an incident in mid-Wirral some people had to be rescued from their car and in another a man was rescued by an inflatable boat.

    Rainfall: Heswall 27.2 in 1 h

    Source: COL