BR notes Remarkable floods described at Todmorden and Bacup (Upper Calder) and also at Dent. BR gives 6 ½ pages of description contained in BR Todmorden flood file. (Note also a report in Met Mag 5 p 105 by Sedgewick). Note the very circumscribed area of the storm with perfectly fine weather prevailing all around the storm area. The rain at Todmorden and Bacup occurred between 14.00 and 15.00. there was a sudden rise in water level at Todmorden soon after which in a few minutes overflowed its banks and left the lower part of the town completely under water with one house destroyed and a woman swept away and water swept through many mills destroying looms etc. The Calder through Burnley rose 4 feet above its ordinary level in an incredibly short time  Reference was made to a similar flood in Bacup on 9 August 1849.  A serious thunderstorm, accompanied with an extraordinary fall of rain occurred in the neighbourhood of Lancaster and Morecambe. But the most serious visitation was in the eastern section of the county, between Haslingden and Burnley. Between Townley and Portsmouth the adjoining fields were about two yards deep with water, and nearly every house in the immediate district was flooded. The valley from Portsmouth to Todmorden was inundated, and it is feared that a bridge belonging to the line below the latter station will fall. The line was blocked in several places, and the traffic was suspended for several hours. Many of the small villages in East Lancashire were flooded, and it is feared that much damage has been done in some of them.  Heavy rainfall occurred on Flower Scar, a moor which separates Bacup from Todmorden.  Place Burnley: A storm passed over with unremitting force, for upwards of two hours. The river Calder, which passes through Burnley, was very much swollen, and rose in an incredibly short time, something like four feet above its ordinary level. The streets in several parts of the town presented the appearance of an unbroken stream. Men, women, and children could be seen wading through the water knee jeep, whilst here and there were to be seen floating on the water stray pieces of furniture. In Fletcher-street, and near the cattle market, were to be seen many cart loads of furniture, which had been hastily recovered from the houses, indiscriminately heaped up, whilst in Cannon-street, and in Wapping, almost every cellar was flooded, and in many instances the houses also. Large quantities of newly-mown hay were either washed away or completely spoiled by the wind and rain. In Manchester Road many tons of the macadam were washed towards the lower parts of the town, and a number of carts were engaged for a good many hours in clearing the streets. The Cross Keys public house, in Newtown, the landlord of which has just recovered from the Burnley Corporation a sum of money for damage sustained in a recent storm, was very considerably damaged, whilst the streets thereabouts were many inches deep in water.  Place Portsmouth: About three miles from Burnley, the line was blocked up for a considerable time by sediment washed from the hills, the water on some parts of the line covering the steps of the carriages.  Place Accrington: Considering the violent nature of the storm, the damage done is inconsiderable, chiefly arising from the flooding of some of the cellars in the lower parts of the town.  Place Bacup: Several persons concur in saying that waterspouts, similar to what are sometimes seen in tropical latitudes, were at one time distinctly visible. The storm raged for about an hour and a half, and, with but few exceptions, flooded all the streets of the town. Most of the mills are built along the banks of the river Irwell, in some instances over the river, and all of them have sustained more or less damage. At Vale Mill, the flood swept down one of the walls of the weaving shed, burst the arch for a distance of several yards, and, in a few minutes, and for several hours afterwards, a perfect torrent of water was dashing through the middle of the building. Several of the looms also fell into the river. At Nut Mill the damage is of a similar character, but on a more extended scale. At this place a large wall in the middle of the weaving shed has been washed down, and the roof has also partially fallen in. Here the water entered the weaving shed and destroyed a large quantity of weft and cloth. At Albion Mill the flood entered the weaving shed, and soon all the looms were completely covered. Aitkin’s mill premises in Burnley Road, has been completely destroyed, a large portion of the roof being carried down the river for a distance of several hundred yards. The flood also entered the weaving room of Shepherd’s mill, in the same street, and completely covered the looms. Irwell Mill, belonging to the Rossendale Industrial Company, Limited, is a total wreck. The flood entered the weaving sheds at both Spring Holme and Throstle Mill, belonging to Messrs. John Mander and Son, Newchurch-road, and also at the India and New Hey Mills, belonging to Mr. Edward Hoyle. The damage done to house and other property is on a scale of the most frightful magnitude. At one time, in St. James' Street, the water was rushing along at a fearful pace to the depth of 5 feet 9 inches, bearing along on its bosom every conceivable kind of merchandise and of household goods. As an instance of the force of the flood, we may mention that a railway lorry, heavily laden with cloth, and without horses, was carried a distance of 100 yards as though it had been a boat. So suddenly did the flood come that the occupants of the different shops and houses had scarcely time to close their doors, much less to attempt to save any of their property, but were glad to escape to the upper rooms of their premises. Many tradesmen had everything, even until it came to their weights and scales, swept out of their shops, and some, it is feared, will be completely ruined. The Bacup Co-operative Store have lost the whole of their stock in the gutta-percha department. In numerous instances houses have been stripped of the whole of their furniture. Notwithstanding the heavy loss of property that the flood has caused, it is satisfactory to learn that not a single life has been sacrificed, but we have heard of several narrow escapes. Had the flood occurred in the night time, the loss of life would have been something terrible to contemplate. An almost similarly destructive flood visited Bacup on the 9th of August, 1849.  Place Clitheroe: the storm lasted for 2 ½ hours. A barn was set alight by lightning. There was no reference to flooding.  Thunderstorms affected upper Calder and Darwen in the vicinity of Accrington, Burnley; also Todmorden and Bacup. At Burnley, the River Calder rose 2 to 3 yards in height following scarcely an hour’s rainfall and overflowed its embankment. Water did most damage in that part of St James Street known as Cheapside. Water ran 4 feet deep through Cross Keys public house and shops and houses adjacent and across the road were flooded in some cases to a yard and a half deep. Low Lane was flooded and houses stood 2 feet deep in water. Manchester Road (unmacadamised) ploughed up. In Fletcher Street furniture was recovered from flooded houses. In Cannon Street and Wapping almost every cellar was flooded and in many instances the houses also.